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# The modernization program for the steel mill will cost

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Manager
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2009, 02:47
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38% (01:28) correct 62% (01:04) wrong based on 135 sessions

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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

please explain how to eliminate option in this
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22 Apr 2010, 19:47
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Hey All,

I was just trolling the boards, and then I saw myself summoned! So here I am, Indien! : )

The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
PROBLEM: "which" is a relative pronoun that opens up a modifying phrase. The rule on that is that it must always tough the noun it modifies. The modernization of the steel mill, however, is far away from this "which", so this won't work. "Modernization program for the steel mill" is also a terrible way to word that, though not technically incorrect.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "completed" is a past participle, which makes no sense here. This program will be completed at some point in the future. Modifying it with a past participle is illogical.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "Hopefully to be completed" ought to be modifying the program itself. Unfortunately, it seems to have disappeared in this question. Also "to be completed" is not a legitimate way to say this. We'd prefer "which will/can hopefully be completed...".

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: Parallelism, because of the AND. While we hope that the program will be completed on time, we don't hope it will cost 51 million dollars. That's just what it will cost Nice try, AND. Also, this is not a complete sentence. This is because we opened up a modifying phrase with the word "which", and we never returned to the main clause "The program for modernizing the steel mill...".

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
ANSWER: Yep, it's got lots of commas. But commas are good! People forget the power of commas. Don't cross something out just because it's full of commas.

Hope that helps!

-tommy
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##### General Discussion
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28 Oct 2009, 07:11
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B & C are rejected, hopefully is never right in GMAT.
Which is always used when there is a doubt...
So using which and hoped together is not right...
A & D are out....

IMO E
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30 Oct 2009, 09:53

Why hopefully should be bad on the GMAT????

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02 Nov 2009, 00:59
@ Casinoking ,please differentiate how D is run -on while E is not
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02 Nov 2009, 11:53
(Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s), will (cost approximately 51 million dollars)
the first part in bracket is the subject and the 2nd part in bracket is the predicate
and hence a valid sentence
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02 Nov 2009, 12:25
sasen wrote:
(Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s), will (cost approximately 51 million dollars)
the first part in bracket is the subject and the 2nd part in bracket is the predicate
and hence a valid sentence

I agree. "and" causes a run-on sentence.
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20 Apr 2010, 18:43
E...."hopefully" and usage of "which" are wrong in other options...
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Updated on: 23 Apr 2010, 14:07
the choice is between C and E.
I ruled out E for being awkward construction. Looks like I was wrong. I did not have a clue that 'hopefully' is considered wrong on GMAT. Might be good idea for Tommy to give us some insight on this topic.

Originally posted by Indien on 21 Apr 2010, 08:05.
Last edited by Indien on 23 Apr 2010, 14:07, edited 1 time in total.
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09 Sep 2010, 10:48
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

I was just trolling the boards, and then I saw myself summoned! So here I am, Indien! : )

The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
PROBLEM: "which" is a relative pronoun that opens up a modifying phrase. The rule on that is that it must always tough the noun it modifies. The modernization of the steel mill, however, is far away from this "which", so this won't work. "Modernization program for the steel mill" is also a terrible way to word that, though not technically incorrect.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "completed" is a past participle, which makes no sense here. This program will be completed at some point in the future. Modifying it with a past participle is illogical.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "Hopefully to be completed" ought to be modifying the program itself. Unfortunately, it seems to have disappeared in this question. Also "to be completed" is not a legitimate way to say this. We'd prefer "which will/can hopefully be completed...".

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: Parallelism, because of the AND. While we hope that the program will be completed on time, we don't hope it will cost 51 million dollars. That's just what it will cost Nice try, AND. Also, this is not a complete sentence. This is because we opened up a modifying phrase with the word "which", and we never returned to the main clause "The program for modernizing the steel mill...".

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
ANSWER: Yep, it's got lots of commas. But commas are good! People forget the power of commas. Don't cross something out just because it's full of commas.

Hope that helps!

-tommy

Thanks for the explanation.

I still dont understand why C is wrong.
Modernizing the steel plant, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
Bold part here is set off by commas, so there are no issues in "Modernizing the steel plant will cost approximately 51 million dollars".
What is wrong with modifying clause "hopefully to be completed in the late 1980's".
Is there any rule why hopefully is mostly wrong on GMAT?

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09 Sep 2010, 20:15
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Hey gsothee,

As I said, we need to be modifying the program, not the act of "modernizing the steel mill". You can't say "Modernizing, hopefully to be completed soon, is good." You'd have to say something like "The modernization may be completed soon."

As for the second part, it's just total gibberish. I can't say "My book, hopefully to be completed tomorrow..." You'd say "My book, which I"ll hopefully complete tomorrow..." or something like that.

Make more sense?

-t
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10 Sep 2010, 03:42
I went for C since E is full of commas....
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10 Sep 2010, 18:38
I don't remember where, but I recall reading somewhere that "Hopefully" should be used to mean "with hope". So a correct usage would look like this: 'I will wait for her return hopefully.'
I'm not sure whether 'hopefully' is used correctly in the question.

BTW, could somebody plz explain the correct usage of "hopefully"? I'd be very grateful.
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10 Sep 2010, 18:54
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey gsothee,

As I said, we need to be modifying the program, not the act of "modernizing the steel mill". You can't say "Modernizing, hopefully to be completed soon, is good." You'd have to say something like "The modernization may be completed soon."

As for the second part, it's just total gibberish. I can't say "My book, hopefully to be completed tomorrow..." You'd say "My book, which I"ll hopefully complete tomorrow..." or something like that.

Make more sense?

-t

Tommy-Da-Man
Excellent point.. However, I would like to clarify the use of "which".. Does which in GMAT always modify the noun that comes before it and it has to be separated by a comma? Is it really a noun or the noun phrase that comes before the comma? .. and going by your second line above then.. hopefully is OK in GMAT, some people have posted above it is a No No in GMAT.. Thanks
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 18:50
HI Tommy,

I dont understand that how it is hoped ( complete sentence can come between another dependent clause ) - there should be some conjunction for the same right

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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2015, 04:30
sacmanitin wrote:
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

please explain how to eliminate option in this

This is a good question. I selected the OA - E. But I was not satisfied with the usage of 'it is hoped'. Is it the correct usage? Although it seems that 'IT' refers to the 'program', but is it correct grammatically?

Other options are easy to rule out-

A- 'which' wrongly modifies 51 mil dollars
B/C- Hopefully is wrong usage
D- 'which' wrongly modifies steel mill.

Experts ? any thoughts?

Thanks,
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 06:55
- Please explain, the proper usage of "hopefully" & why is it incorrect in C?.

Thanks!
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 08:00
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The reason to shun 'hopefully'(including by the MS Word) is that it is said to be colloquial. I feel one might get sticky with the placement of the word itself, which should make clear as to who is hopeful. It should also attribute to some human being and not any other abstract noun or even lesser mortals such as a dog or a cow. We may see that these characters are not capable of hoping. Let's take the two choices in point.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully, completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully, to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars

In the above cases, is it not clear, as to who is hopeful? Neither modernizing nor the modernization can be.

It is stated that people are not able to cite at least one instance of the use of the word 'hopefully' In GMAT. It is better to agree with the boss than to question, I believe

However, there can be nothing wrong in the following sentence, I hope.

I hopefully entered the GMAT hall for my second attempt, wanting to cross 550.
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 08:00
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