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# The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 00:26
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25% (medium)

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64% (00:55) correct 36% (01:14) wrong based on 95 sessions

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Competition Mode Question

The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not

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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 23:34

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty

In the GMAT, the word if should be used in Conditionals only. Since in this question there is no condition, if should be replaced by whether.

Think of whether as a choice between two possibilities dealing with the same subject or as a yes/no question.

Example:
I do not know whether this will work. (yes or no)

He was not sure whether he wanted banana or chocolate cake. (a choice between 2 possibilities)

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

Although this answer choice correctly uses whether instead of if, it is grammatically incorrect. This question uses a Double Comparative. The second part of a Double Comparative must begin with the word the. In this answer choice, however, it begins with the word it.

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

In the GMAT, the word if should be used in Conditionals only. Since in this question there is no condition, if should be replaced by whether.

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

Although this answer choice correctly uses whether instead of if, it is grammatically incorrect. This question uses a Double Comparative. The second part of a Double Comparative must begin with the word the. In this answer choice, however, it begins with the word easier.

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not

Although this answer choice correctly uses whether instead of if, in the GMAT, the addition of the phrase or not at any point after the word whether is considered redundant.

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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 01:57
1

Split #1: if the suspect is guilty vs whether the suspect is guilty.
If is used for conditionals in sentences to introduce the condition that has to be satisfied for an event to occur. Whether on the other hand can be used to express two possible outcomes in a sentence. In the context of this sentence, the author wishes to express the possibility of the outcome of a judgment on a suspect to be guilty or not guilty. Hence, the use of whether is appropriate, and the use of if is inappropriate. Based on this, we can eliminate A.

Split #2: switch from passive voice to active voice.
The clause the more objective evidence a judge is presented with is in the passive voice. It is better for the second clause to also be specified in the passive voice, hence the clause it is easier for that judge to decide, is not optimal since it is in the active voice. The passive voice the easier it is for that judge to decide is optimal in the circumstances since it is in the passive voice, thereby maintaining the voice of the preceding clause. Based on this, we can eliminate B for switching from passive voice to active voice.

Split #3: the easier it is vs easier it is
We need the definite article the to modify easier in order to maintain parallelism with the previous clause that rightly modifies more objective evidence with the definite article the. the more X the easier Y. D can be eliminated based on this.

Split #4: Whether the suspect is guilty vs whether the suspect is guilty or not
whether the suspect is guilty or not is considered wordy compared with whether the suspect is guilty. There is no need to add or not since it is implied. E can be eliminated based on this.

C is left as the best answer.

Quote:
(A) The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

Quote:
(B) The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty.

Quote:
(C) The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty.

Quote:
(D) The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty.

Quote:
(E) The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not.
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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 03:05
1
Quote:
The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not

notes: "the more…the easier" must be parallel; "whether" > "if", and idiom wise, "whether" > "whether or not".

Ans (C)
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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 06:36
1
1
The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty - WRONG. Using 'if' is wrong for 'guilty' is not decided yet.

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty - WRONG. Not parallel.

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty - CORRECT. Removes both errors as found in previous options.

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty - WRONG. Not parallel.

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not - WRONG. 'Whether or not' is wrong in GMAT.

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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 08:16
1
The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty...........................................“if” in a conditional sentence to show that one thing will happen if something else happens. Use “whether” to show that two alternatives are possible.................here its the second case.....so whether needs to be used

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty......INCORRECT

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty....missing parallelism......INCORRECT

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty......CORRECT

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty.....missing parallelism.........INCORRECT

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not......Redundancy....INCORRECT
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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 18:39
1
Top Contributor
The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

The correct idiomatic structure is --- the more x…. the more Y. The definite article 'the' should be there for both the compared items.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty --- There is no condition involved. Hence the use of 'if' is wrong

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty – missing the idiomatic template structure

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty – The correct choice

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty – missing the definite article. Hence, not parallel.

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not – whether guilty or not is redundant
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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 18:47
(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not

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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 19:40
1
Ans . C

The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

The more X, the easier Y .....
whether is more preferable since we are defining a condition.....

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty .....

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not
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Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2020, 22:57
The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty.

(A) the easier it is for that judge to decide if the suspect is guilty

(B) it is easier for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(C) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(D) easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty

(E) the easier it is for that judge to decide whether the suspect is guilty or not

IMO E More objective the evidence is the easier it is to decide. In option E the correct use of idiom whether X or Y is used
Re: The more objective evidence a judge is presented with, the easier it   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2020, 22:57
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