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# The most effective and precise surveying technique for

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Manager
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The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 14:38
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:24) correct 44% (01:26) wrong based on 515 sessions

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The most effective and precise surveying technique for determining the extent of income tax evasion in the United States is an anonymous workplace survey. This type of survey precisely reaches the target group, individuals with an income, and, because those individuals do not provide names or personal information, confidentiality is assured. We can then create an accurate picture of the amount and distribution of income tax evasion in the United States.

Which of the following provides the most serious criticism of the argument above?

A.The plan overlooks the fact that a significant number of income tax evaders may have no legal source of income or place of employment.
B.The plan overlooks the fact that some people may lie for fear of being identified as tax evaders.
C.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
D.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
E.The plan's anonymity prevents government officials from identifying income tax evaders and prosecuting them.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Eliminated 3 choices on the first 30 seconds. then when had 2 left chose the wrong one.
I re-read the stem and still not sure about the reasoning behind it.
Can someone elaborate?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Manager
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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 11:42
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Hello Rogyush,

Let me try helping you with this one.

I am guessing that the statements you got stuck with are 1 and 2. If I am wrong, please let me know I will help you further with the other statements.

Let us first analyze the premise and the conclusion. The argument comes to the conclusion that the most effective and precise surveying technique for determining the extent of income evasion in the United States is anonymous workplace survey. This conclusion is reached on the believes that this type of survey reaches the exact target group i.e. the workforce and that since people's identities are kept confidential, they will be more sincere with the survey.
We need to provide a point that provides criticism for this conclusion or argument.
Let us pre-analyze the argument. A great criticism for the argument would attack the two main premises for the argument i.e. the survey reaches the precise group of people- the workforce and people will not lie as they are sure that the data collected in the survey will remain anonymous.

Now, statement 2) tells us that some people might still lie for fear of being caught. However, notice the doubt in this case. The "some" might be .01% of workforce to 40 or more percentage of workforce. Hence, this does not give us concrete evidence or counterpoint against the argument.

However, the first option clearly states that a significant number of income tax evaders have no legal source of income or place of an employment. This implies that these people are not being covered in the survey at all and thus, the survey might be missing a major proportion of tax evaders in the calculation. This conclusively proves that the survey is not as effective as the argument would like us to believe.

Hope this helps! Let me know in case of any further queries/doubts.

roygush wrote:
The most effective and precise surveying technique for determining the extent of income tax evasion in the United States is an anonymous workplace survey. This type of survey precisely reaches the target group, individuals with an income, and, because those individuals do not provide names or personal information, confidentiality is assured. We can then create an accurate picture of the amount and distribution of income tax evasion in the United States.

Which of the following provides the most serious criticism of the argument above?

A.The plan overlooks the fact that a significant number of income tax evaders may have no legal source of income or place of employment.
B.The plan overlooks the fact that some people may lie for fear of being identified as tax evaders.
C.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
D.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
E.The plan's anonymity prevents government officials from identifying income tax evaders and prosecuting them.

Eliminated 3 choices on the first 30 seconds. then when had 2 left chose the wrong one.
I re-read the stem and still not sure about the reasoning behind it.
Can someone elaborate?

Kudos [?]: 168 [5], given: 3

Manager
Joined: 01 Sep 2012
Posts: 125

Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 19

Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 13:44
Kris01 wrote:
Hello Rogyush,

Let me try helping you with this one.

I am guessing that the statements you got stuck with are 1 and 2. If I am wrong, please let me know I will help you further with the other statements.

Let us first analyze the premise and the conclusion. The argument comes to the conclusion that the most effective and precise surveying technique for determining the extent of income evasion in the United States is anonymous workplace survey. This conclusion is reached on the believes that this type of survey reaches the exact target group i.e. the workforce and that since people's identities are kept confidential, they will be more sincere with the survey.
We need to provide a point that provides criticism for this conclusion or argument.
Let us pre-analyze the argument. A great criticism for the argument would attack the two main premises for the argument i.e. the survey reaches the precise group of people- the workforce and people will not lie as they are sure that the data collected in the survey will remain anonymous.

Now, statement 2) tells us that some people might still lie for fear of being caught. However, notice the doubt in this case. The "some" might be .01% of workforce to 40 or more percentage of workforce. Hence, this does not give us concrete evidence or counterpoint against the argument.

However, the first option clearly states that a significant number of income tax evaders have no legal source of income or place of an employment. This implies that these people are not being covered in the survey at all and thus, the survey might be missing a major proportion of tax evaders in the calculation. This conclusively proves that the survey is not as effective as the argument would like us to believe.

Hope this helps! Let me know in case of any further queries/doubts.

roygush wrote:
The most effective and precise surveying technique for determining the extent of income tax evasion in the United States is an anonymous workplace survey. This type of survey precisely reaches the target group, individuals with an income, and, because those individuals do not provide names or personal information, confidentiality is assured. We can then create an accurate picture of the amount and distribution of income tax evasion in the United States.

Which of the following provides the most serious criticism of the argument above?

A.The plan overlooks the fact that a significant number of income tax evaders may have no legal source of income or place of employment.
B.The plan overlooks the fact that some people may lie for fear of being identified as tax evaders.
C.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
D.The plan does not distinguish between tax evasion and the legitimate use of tax loopholes.
E.The plan's anonymity prevents government officials from identifying income tax evaders and prosecuting them.

Eliminated 3 choices on the first 30 seconds. then when had 2 left chose the wrong one.
I re-read the stem and still not sure about the reasoning behind it.
Can someone elaborate?

Thanks. it is clearer now.
How often do you use this "some" trick?
I can use it in many other CR questions that have similar words like - less, more, many etc...
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IMPOSSIBLE IS NOTHING

Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 19

Manager
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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 13:47
1
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Hello roygush,

You got it right on spot. When it comes to CR questions, pay special attention to words like some,little,more,most, etc. They almost always have a trap.

roygush wrote:

Thanks. it is clearer now.
How often do you use this "some" trick?
I can use it in many other CR questions that have similar words like - less, more, many etc...

Kudos [?]: 168 [1], given: 3

Manager
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Posts: 125

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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 14:55
Kris01 wrote:
Hello roygush,

You got it right on spot. When it comes to CR questions, pay special attention to words like some,little,more,most, etc. They almost always have a trap.

roygush wrote:

Thanks. it is clearer now.
How often do you use this "some" trick?
I can use it in many other CR questions that have similar words like - less, more, many etc...

I know its not a RULE i should follow but just for general knowledge, lets say im down to two questions and one them contains one of these words, should i assume that this is the one i should eliminate and choose the other one?
Thanks again
_________________

If my answer helped, dont forget KUDOS!

IMPOSSIBLE IS NOTHING

Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 19

Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2012
Posts: 90

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 3

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.2
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 15:01
No, not at all!! Sometimes your passage or argument might be talking only about a few people or few things. At such times there is a probability that those options might be right. What you should do is compare the usage of such words in passage and the options and then make sure that the right answer is consistent with the argument or passage when it comes to usage of such words.

However, when you do see such words like most, some, always etc, pay special attention to those options as these words might be the factors which might help you quicken up the decision process. Counter check their usage with the argument or passage quickly and based on that eliminate some options.

roygush wrote:
Kris01 wrote:
Hello roygush,

You got it right on spot. When it comes to CR questions, pay special attention to words like some,little,more,most, etc. They almost always have a trap.

roygush wrote:

Thanks. it is clearer now.
How often do you use this "some" trick?
I can use it in many other CR questions that have similar words like - less, more, many etc...

I know its not a RULE i should follow but just for general knowledge, lets say im down to two questions and one them contains one of these words, should i assume that this is the one i should eliminate and choose the other one?
Thanks again

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 3

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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 09:43
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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 19:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 04:22
GMATNinja
Sir,
I have a doubt regarding answer choice A.Isn't there a minimum income level to qualify as taxpayers.But how can those people, who are jobless or lives on the street,qualify as taxevaders?

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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 13:00
techiesam wrote:
I have a doubt regarding answer choice A.Isn't there a minimum income level to qualify as taxpayers.But how can those people, who are jobless or lives on the street,qualify as taxevaders?

Quote:
A.The plan overlooks the fact that a significant number of income tax evaders may have no legal source of income or place of employment.

The keyword here is legal: you could easily have an illegal place of employment or an illegal source of income large enough to require you to pay taxes. But if those things aren't legal, then the plan won't work, because it's going to be awfully tough to survey people in an illicit workplace.

One other thought: you really don't need to worry about whether there's a minimum income level needed to qualify as a taxpayer. That's not necessarily true in all places, and at the very least, it's an assumption based on outside information. So that definitely shouldn't enter into your thinking here. Stay inside the narrow little box of the passage.

And as always, be careful not to put too much faith in these non-official questions, especially for RC and CR. The GMAT spends between \$1500 and \$3000 on every question, and even the very best test-prep companies can't compete. It's possible that the OP made a typo on (C) or (D), but those two answer choices alone should make you wonder about this one...
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Re: The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 18:06
Hi,

Can anyone please explain to me why C/D are wrong? Would greatly appreciate it!

Thanks!

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The most effective and precise surveying technique for [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 06:06
csaluja wrote:
Hi,

Can anyone please explain to me why C/D are wrong? Would greatly appreciate it!

Thanks!

Hi csaluja,

(C) and (D), which need to be updated by an admin to eliminate the repetition, are inaccurate for a few reasons:
1. Tax evasion and use of loop holes are different things. They are not synonymous.
2. The loop holes are LEGAL and we are trying to figure out ILLEGAL evasion. If they are legal, they are accounted for and do not help our case.

Does this help? If not, I can take another crack at it from a different view point.
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The most effective and precise surveying technique for   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2017, 06:06
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