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# The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea

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The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2009, 09:29
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The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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08 Nov 2009, 09:38
IMO D.

Only D tells us that how the following statement was not correct: "Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity"
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08 Nov 2009, 13:24
B.
The author claims that the New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression, this is not true according to B. The reasons for decreased unemployment and GDP growth were due to the War World II.
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08 Nov 2009, 23:05
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I think B could be an effect of the New Deal. So I turn it out and pick D.

(D) most weaken the argument attacking the fundamental premise of "these economists"

OA?
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08 Nov 2009, 23:07
IMO B

Choice B is giving an alternative cause for getting out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity
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09 Nov 2009, 06:58
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OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

The argument's claim is: the "New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity."

The argument's evidence for this is: "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased."
There are two major ways to undermine the claim that the "New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity." (1) Show that another event propelled the United States out of the depression. (2) Show that the New Deal did not propel the Unites States out of the depression.

In order to weaken the argument, it would be helpful to weaken the evidence cited in the argument ("economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased").

Most of you have it right. Thanks!
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09 Nov 2009, 07:15
The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Statement against this would be the correct option.

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.--- seems right by POE.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.---does not go against the argument because talks about an year which is beyond scope.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.--Does not weaken the argument. In fact, it is possible that the economy revived under FR but due to some other reasons contracted again in 1939.
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12 Nov 2009, 19:30
Option D offers the strongest challenge to the author's argument.
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20 Dec 2010, 07:01
I still think it is B rather than D.

The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?
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20 Dec 2010, 15:00
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q10nik wrote:
I still think it is B rather than D.
The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?

Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

B isn't an alternative cause.
New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion.

D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Status: swimming against the current Joined: 24 Jul 2009 Posts: 247 Location: Chennai, India Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 30 Re: depression to prosperity [#permalink] ### Show Tags 21 Dec 2010, 04:49 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: q10nik wrote: I still think it is B rather than D. The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled " While in D: During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell. It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good? Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. B isn't an alternative cause. New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion. D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was. Agree that D is better, but the arguments says New Deal Single Handedly pulled the country out of great depression, but B shows an alternate evidence saying that No WWii was also cause for the rise in US economy. Right? _________________ Gonna make it this time Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7376 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2288 Kudos [?]: 15116 [1] , given: 224 Re: depression to prosperity [#permalink] ### Show Tags 21 Dec 2010, 07:07 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post mailnavin1 wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: q10nik wrote: I still think it is B rather than D. The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled " While in D: During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell. It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good? Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. B isn't an alternative cause. New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion. D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was. Agree that D is better, but the arguments says New Deal Single Handedly pulled the country out of great depression, but B shows an alternate evidence saying that No WWii was also cause for the rise in US economy. Right? The argument says that the New Deal single handedly pulled the country out of depression, not that it alone was responsible for decades of uninterrupted prosperity. Since the time gap between 1933 - when the deal began- and 1941 - when US entered World War II- was quite large (of about 8 yrs), it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later (after US was already out of depression). Hence B doesn't necessarily weaken the conclusion. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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21 Dec 2010, 07:15
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

The argument says that the New Deal single handedly pulled the country out of depression, not that it alone was responsible for decades of uninterrupted prosperity. Since the time gap between 1933 - when the deal began- and 1941 - when US entered World War II- was quite large (of about 8 yrs), it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later(after US was already out of depression). Hence B doesn't necessarily weaken the conclusion.

"it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later " This sounds good. thanks Karishma
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The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2011, 23:55
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6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.

why not b?
if there were another reason for the decreased unemployment rate and increased GDP, the argument could be weakened.
And i think that b can be another reason.
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Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2011, 02:28
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eybrj2 wrote:
6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

Choice, B in part strengthen the argument. Not including another reason.

The conclusion of the passage: President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Support: these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

In choice B, it talks only about 1 year, one factor cause the economy slow down. Not all year following 1933. So, it does not explain all the growth of economy. Choice D is more correct. It is the best in the remain answer choice.
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Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2011, 09:24
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IMO D.

Choice B talks about other possible causes that could have propelled America into years of uninterrupted prosperity. However, the year that option B mentions is 1941. The New Deal was already put into action by 1933. That is why its positive effects were observed after 1933. So a cause in 1941 could not have been responsible for the positive effects observed after 1933.

Option D directly negates the main premise that the economists supporting the New Deal state. By introducing this contrasting evidence, it reduces the likelihood of the conclusion that the years following 1933 were all positive. Had all the years been positive, 1939 would not have seen this decrease.

That is why option D weakens the argument. Hope this explanations helps.
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Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2012, 07:22
kotela wrote:
Guys Thanks for an amazing explanation............The option A would strengthen right?

IMO A is out of scope. A does nothing to affect the conclusion that the New Deal singlehandedly propelled the US out of the Great Depression into decades of prosperity.
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Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 04:31
gmattokyo wrote:
The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
q10nik wrote:
I still think it is B rather than D.
The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?

Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

B isn't an alternative cause.
New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion.

D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was.

B is a contender in that it boosted the economy (although already growing)..we dont know the scale of each's effect on the economy and thus assuming only the other way round ,that the WWII was not the major propeller, is not correct @ I believe so

D also can be negated on the grounds that the event in 1939 was an isolated event propelled by the onset of WWII or due to any XYZ reason that spead worldwide fear and economic contraction..

Both statements have their pros and cons..Not a GMAT quality question
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Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 11:27
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Conclusion : Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Conclusion talks about long lasting effect of Deal, an effect over decades. Thus, we should ignore any such event which has also helped to boost economy for short period. We can not consider such event a weakener to the claim mentioned in conclusion. Conclusion specifically claims uninterrupted effect and C clearly interrupting the long lasting effect. Therefore, at least it is shattering some part of that claim, so C is the right answer.
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Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 21:56
PiyushK wrote:
Conclusion : Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Conclusion talks about long lasting effect of Deal, an effect over decades. Thus, we should ignore any such event which has also helped to boost economy for short period. We can not consider such event a weakener to the claim mentioned in conclusion. Conclusion specifically claims uninterrupted effect and C clearly interrupting the long lasting effect. Therefore, at least it is shattering some part of that claim, so C is the right answer.

I consider a year of recession due to any XYZ reason to be a small pathblock in the claim to decades of prosperity..we never know how other nations faired..America might have prospered and that too better than other nations..but just not as good as the year before...
Also you are considering WWII event to be a short period boost..Why so?..Why can't it be the major propellant
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Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2014, 21:56

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