The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 22 Feb 2017, 21:03

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 303
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 274 [2] , given: 9

The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Nov 2009, 08:29
2
KUDOS
18
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (02:39) correct 64% (01:52) wrong based on 803 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
 Economist GMAT Tutor Discount Codes e-GMAT Discount Codes Magoosh Discount Codes
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 328
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 304 [0], given: 13

Show Tags

08 Nov 2009, 08:38
IMO D.

Only D tells us that how the following statement was not correct: "Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity"
Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2009
Posts: 111
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 2

Show Tags

08 Nov 2009, 12:24
B.
The author claims that the New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression, this is not true according to B. The reasons for decreased unemployment and GDP growth were due to the War World II.
_________________

http://www.online-stopwatch.com/
http://gmatsentencecorrection.blogspot.com/

Intern
Joined: 09 Sep 2009
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

08 Nov 2009, 22:05
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I think B could be an effect of the New Deal. So I turn it out and pick D.

(D) most weaken the argument attacking the fundamental premise of "these economists"

OA?
Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 225
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 1

Show Tags

08 Nov 2009, 22:07
IMO B

Choice B is giving an alternative cause for getting out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 303
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 274 [2] , given: 9

Show Tags

09 Nov 2009, 05:58
2
KUDOS
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

The argument's claim is: the "New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity."

The argument's evidence for this is: "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased."
There are two major ways to undermine the claim that the "New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity." (1) Show that another event propelled the United States out of the depression. (2) Show that the New Deal did not propel the Unites States out of the depression.

In order to weaken the argument, it would be helpful to weaken the evidence cited in the argument ("economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased").

Most of you have it right. Thanks!
Manager
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
Posts: 212
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 9

Show Tags

09 Nov 2009, 06:15
The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Statement against this would be the correct option.

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.--- seems right by POE.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.---does not go against the argument because talks about an year which is beyond scope.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.--Does not weaken the argument. In fact, it is possible that the economy revived under FR but due to some other reasons contracted again in 1939.
_________________

SVP
Affiliations: HEC
Joined: 28 Sep 2009
Posts: 1637
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V44
Followers: 99

Kudos [?]: 637 [0], given: 432

Show Tags

12 Nov 2009, 18:30
Option D offers the strongest challenge to the author's argument.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2010
Posts: 120
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 256 [0], given: 169

Show Tags

20 Dec 2010, 06:01
I still think it is B rather than D.

The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?
_________________

I will greatly appreciate your KUDOS my friends!

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7183
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2165

Kudos [?]: 14011 [4] , given: 222

Show Tags

20 Dec 2010, 14:00
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
q10nik wrote:
I still think it is B rather than D.
The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?

Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

B isn't an alternative cause.
New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion.

D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Senior Manager Status: swimming against the current Joined: 24 Jul 2009 Posts: 252 Location: Chennai, India Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 30 Re: depression to prosperity [#permalink] Show Tags 21 Dec 2010, 03:49 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: q10nik wrote: I still think it is B rather than D. The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled " While in D: During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell. It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good? Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. B isn't an alternative cause. New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion. D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was. Agree that D is better, but the arguments says New Deal Single Handedly pulled the country out of great depression, but B shows an alternate evidence saying that No WWii was also cause for the rise in US economy. Right? _________________ Gonna make it this time Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7183 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2165 Kudos [?]: 14011 [1] , given: 222 Re: depression to prosperity [#permalink] Show Tags 21 Dec 2010, 06:07 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post mailnavin1 wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: q10nik wrote: I still think it is B rather than D. The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled " While in D: During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell. It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good? Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. B isn't an alternative cause. New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion. D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was. Agree that D is better, but the arguments says New Deal Single Handedly pulled the country out of great depression, but B shows an alternate evidence saying that No WWii was also cause for the rise in US economy. Right? The argument says that the New Deal single handedly pulled the country out of depression, not that it alone was responsible for decades of uninterrupted prosperity. Since the time gap between 1933 - when the deal began- and 1941 - when US entered World War II- was quite large (of about 8 yrs), it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later (after US was already out of depression). Hence B doesn't necessarily weaken the conclusion. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Senior Manager
Status: swimming against the current
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 252
Location: Chennai, India
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 30

Show Tags

21 Dec 2010, 06:15
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

The argument says that the New Deal single handedly pulled the country out of depression, not that it alone was responsible for decades of uninterrupted prosperity. Since the time gap between 1933 - when the deal began- and 1941 - when US entered World War II- was quite large (of about 8 yrs), it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later(after US was already out of depression). Hence B doesn't necessarily weaken the conclusion.

"it is still possible that the New Deal single handedly pulled US out of depression in mid and late 30s and the World War provided a further boost to the economy later " This sounds good. thanks Karishma
_________________

Gonna make it this time

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 323
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 918 [1] , given: 18

The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included [#permalink]

Show Tags

14 Dec 2011, 22:55
1
KUDOS
6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.

why not b?
if there were another reason for the decreased unemployment rate and increased GDP, the argument could be weakened.
And i think that b can be another reason.
BSchool Forum Moderator
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 16 Aug 2011
Posts: 911
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
Followers: 74

Kudos [?]: 621 [1] , given: 44

Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

Show Tags

15 Dec 2011, 01:28
1
KUDOS
eybrj2 wrote:
6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

Choice, B in part strengthen the argument. Not including another reason.

The conclusion of the passage: President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal singlehandedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Support: these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

In choice B, it talks only about 1 year, one factor cause the economy slow down. Not all year following 1933. So, it does not explain all the growth of economy. Choice D is more correct. It is the best in the remain answer choice.
_________________

Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2011
Posts: 272
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 47 [1] , given: 110

Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

Show Tags

15 Dec 2011, 08:24
1
KUDOS
IMO D.

Choice B talks about other possible causes that could have propelled America into years of uninterrupted prosperity. However, the year that option B mentions is 1941. The New Deal was already put into action by 1933. That is why its positive effects were observed after 1933. So a cause in 1941 could not have been responsible for the positive effects observed after 1933.

Option D directly negates the main premise that the economists supporting the New Deal state. By introducing this contrasting evidence, it reduces the likelihood of the conclusion that the years following 1933 were all positive. Had all the years been positive, 1939 would not have seen this decrease.

That is why option D weakens the argument. Hope this explanations helps.
_________________

Consider KUDOS if you feel the effort's worth it

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2011
Posts: 272
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 110

Re: cr 6. The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included wid [#permalink]

Show Tags

03 Jan 2012, 06:22
kotela wrote:
Guys Thanks for an amazing explanation............The option A would strengthen right?

IMO A is out of scope. A does nothing to affect the conclusion that the New Deal singlehandedly propelled the US out of the Great Depression into decades of prosperity.
_________________

Consider KUDOS if you feel the effort's worth it

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2013
Posts: 394
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q51 V38
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 278 [0], given: 139

Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jul 2014, 03:31
gmattokyo wrote:
The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widespread bank reforms, unprecedented government infrastructure spending, and unparalleled expansion in the size of government. Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity. To support this claim, these economists note that during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the above argument?

A) The considerable debt burden that the government assumed to fund the New Deal sparked fear in the minds of some economists, investors, and businessmen.
B) The considerable government expenditures and massive labor requirements engendered by America's entry into World War II in late 1941 helped employ Americans and grow GDP.
C) On average, GDP per capita fell and unemployment rose in many foreign countries during the years after President Roosevelt announced his New Deal.
D) During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.
E) U.S. GDP during the mid 1930s stood at levels much lower than 30 years later.

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
q10nik wrote:
I still think it is B rather than D.
The WWII is the altrenative cause for ex "during the years following 1933, GDP grew, unemployment shrunk, and optimism increased." and weakens:"single handedly propelled "

While in D:
During 1939, the U.S. economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell.

It could be possible that during the year 1939 for one month the economy contracted sharply, unemployment jumped 5%, and America's optimism fell, but then the overall year was good?

Conclusion: New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

B isn't an alternative cause.
New Deal began in 1933 and years following 1933 saw increase in GDP, employment and optimism. In 1941, after US was out of the Great Depression, there could have been an additional cause of these increases. New Deal could have still single handedly propelled US out of the Great Depression. Hence B doesn't weaken the conclusion.

D weakens the conclusion by saying that the prosperity was not uninterrupted - no matter how long the interruption was.

B is a contender in that it boosted the economy (although already growing)..we dont know the scale of each's effect on the economy and thus assuming only the other way round ,that the WWII was not the major propeller, is not correct @ I believe so

D also can be negated on the grounds that the event in 1939 was an isolated event propelled by the onset of WWII or due to any XYZ reason that spead worldwide fear and economic contraction..

Both statements have their pros and cons..Not a GMAT quality question
_________________

Appreciate the efforts...KUDOS for all
Don't let an extra chromosome get you down..

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 991
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 166

Kudos [?]: 1502 [1] , given: 227

Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jul 2014, 10:27
1
KUDOS
Conclusion : Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Conclusion talks about long lasting effect of Deal, an effect over decades. Thus, we should ignore any such event which has also helped to boost economy for short period. We can not consider such event a weakener to the claim mentioned in conclusion. Conclusion specifically claims uninterrupted effect and C clearly interrupting the long lasting effect. Therefore, at least it is shattering some part of that claim, so C is the right answer.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2013
Posts: 394
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q51 V38
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 278 [0], given: 139

Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jul 2014, 20:56
PiyushK wrote:
Conclusion : Some political commentators and economic historians contend that President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal single handedly propelled the United States out of the Great Depression and into decades of uninterrupted prosperity.

Conclusion talks about long lasting effect of Deal, an effect over decades. Thus, we should ignore any such event which has also helped to boost economy for short period. We can not consider such event a weakener to the claim mentioned in conclusion. Conclusion specifically claims uninterrupted effect and C clearly interrupting the long lasting effect. Therefore, at least it is shattering some part of that claim, so C is the right answer.

I consider a year of recession due to any XYZ reason to be a small pathblock in the claim to decades of prosperity..we never know how other nations faired..America might have prospered and that too better than other nations..but just not as good as the year before...
Also you are considering WWII event to be a short period boost..Why so?..Why can't it be the major propellant
_________________

Appreciate the efforts...KUDOS for all
Don't let an extra chromosome get you down..

Re: The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included widesprea   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2014, 20:56

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 26 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Fedora Convertibles began selling the Freewheeler - its newe 6 24 Nov 2013, 23:36
17) During the Great Depression, Roosevelt s New Deal 0 18 Aug 2012, 20:51
The New Deal in America began in 1933 and included 0 03 Jan 2012, 06:22
During the Great Depression, Roosevelt s New Deal expanded 0 09 Dec 2011, 00:58
5 During the Great Depression, Roosevelt's New Deal expanded 21 07 Jul 2011, 12:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by