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# The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima

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The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 05:21
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The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

(A) merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

(B) as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include

(C) as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes

(D) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes

(E) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Jun 2017, 19:17, edited 5 times in total.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 10:02
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study wrote:
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including there wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

B. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes

C. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes

D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

E. missing - incorrect choice anyways

D it is . "rather than" should be followed by noun because we are comparing "systematic hunters of large animals" . Hence A is out. B is out because "that" wrongly modifies "germany". In C "which" again modifies Germany. E as you mentioned is already out. d is right because "including" is rightly used.
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 10:29
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study wrote:
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including there wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

B. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes

C. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes

D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

E. missing - incorrect choice anyways

to maintain parallelism, we want to have similar to hunters andhence scavengers.
real debate is between c and d.
If there is a comma, even then which is wrongly modifying germany?
if modifier is incorrectly placed, does it become right to use including vs which includes? Grammar pros pls comment and if possible pls give references.
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 11:28
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study wrote:
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including there wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

B. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
C. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

E. missing - incorrect choice anyways

A - out
new image -- have (S-V not agree)

B, C are out because "that"/"which" incorrectly modifies "Germany"

D is the best.
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 11:37
I will also go for D with the similar explanation as earlier. I was curious to see what option E mentions.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 01:51
OA is D

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 07:25
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The new image of stonage people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

a) merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
b) as merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
c) as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
d) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
e) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

OA is provided.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
What's wrong with C.

Since subject is "the new image" we need has instead of have, so that leaves us with c, d & e. Since the correct part of the sentence says "as systematic hunters" I thought we need "as mere", hence selected c.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 09:45
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1. ‘The new image’ is singular, and hence the verb has to be the singular ‘has’; reject A and B
2. The relative pronouns ‘that’ in C and ‘which’ in D refer to Germany rather than the tools

3. By using the present participle, 'including', E avoids the relative pronoun pitfall and is the correct answer.
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 17:55
Surely E. it has to be singular, so has give c,d,e and e best fits.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2011, 21:52
To make the structure parallel, systematic hunters of large animals, has to be compared to merely scavengers of meat
C and D are rejected because they use includes with tools- plural subnject and singular verb!

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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03 May 2011, 13:47
+1 E
S-V:
new image...has emerged
tools..., including
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 05:52
two mistakes

1. has/have- a,b are out
2. use of which- d is out
3. c is out because --- it means examining tools were discovered

left is e -correct
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2011, 09:45
A, B: wrong because of the lack of parallelism

C: that refers to Germany

D: which refers to Germany (subject-verb agreement is also wrong between tools and includes)

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 16:40
[quote="nikhilsrl"]The new image of stonage people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

a) merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
b) as merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
c) as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
d) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
e) mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

Between A and E, E wins because of parallelism.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2012, 16:06
daagh above mentions this

1. ‘The new image’ is singular, and hence the verb has to be the singular ‘has’; reject A and B
2. The relative pronouns ‘that’ in C and ‘which’ in D refer to Germany rather than the tools

3. By using the present participle, 'including', E avoids the relative pronoun pitfall and is the correct answer.

I dont understand the number 3 , how is using present participle avoiding the pitfall.?

Thanks

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 01:10
raviram80 wrote:
daagh above mentions this

1. ‘The new image’ is singular, and hence the verb has to be the singular ‘has’; reject A and B
2. The relative pronouns ‘that’ in C and ‘which’ in D refer to Germany rather than the tools

3. By using the present participle, 'including', E avoids the relative pronoun pitfall and is the correct answer.

I dont understand the number 3 , how is using present participle avoiding the pitfall.?

Thanks

Relative pronouns such as which, that modify the preceding noun.

"including" is actually modifying the tools. Hence E is correct.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 01:40
A,B & C are knocked out because of Parallelism conflict. D is wrong because Germany is modified wrongly. E wins
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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2012, 21:44
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17. The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Q1) Is it ok not to use "as" after than in the context of the sentence above?
(This is the reason that I picked C)

Q2) Does "from examining tools" have a problem?
If it have, what is it?

Last edited by mau5 on 16 Sep 2013, 05:59, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the Q

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2012, 00:24
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Where is option B?

E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
perserve parallel structure of "systematic hunter of..." with "scavengers of meat", has emerged is the correct tense with "found"

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

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02 May 2012, 22:00
To Hfbamafan,
OA is E. It is hidden. Drag your mouse to where "spoiler" is.

To catty2004
I am not sure what happened to b. b wasn't in the question when I got the question.

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Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima   [#permalink] 02 May 2012, 22:00

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