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# The new rules in the school's code of conduct including

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The new rules in the school's code of conduct including [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2013, 02:07
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45% (medium)

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53% (02:09) correct 47% (00:49) wrong based on 205 sessions

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The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including penalties for children hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage children to share opportunistically rather than altruistically.

A- hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage

B- who hoard candy and reward those who share—have been criticized for encouraging

C- hoarding candy and rewarding them when they share—have been criticized because of encouraging

D- hoarding candy, rewarding those who share it—has been criticized for encouraging

E- who hoard candy and rewards for those who share it—have been criticized on the grounds that they encourage
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including pena [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2013, 02:16
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Rock750 wrote:
The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including penalties for children hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage children to share opportunistically rather than altruistically.

A- hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage

B- who hoard candy and reward those who share—have been criticized for encouraging

C- hoarding candy and rewarding them when they share—have been criticized because of encouraging

D- hoarding candy, rewarding those who share it—has been criticized for encouraging

E- who hoard candy and rewards for those who share it—have been criticized on the grounds that they encourage

Eliminate A and D, as they use singular "has".
Now observe parallelism- penalties for children, so the other parallel clause must also contain something "....for Y". C doesn't makes any sense.
E is correct.
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Re: The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including pena [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2013, 10:50
]The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including penalties for children hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage children to share opportunistically rather than altruistically.

"The new rules" is plural, A and D are out immediately. B, C, E remain.

A- hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage
Wrong. "The new rules" is plural

B- who hoard candy and reward those who share—have been criticized for encouraging
Wrong. "penalties for X and reward Y" is not parallel ==> Should be "penalties for X and rewards for Y"

C- hoarding candy and rewarding them when they share—have been criticized because of encouraging
Wrong. "penalties for X who...and rewarding Y when....." is not parallel ==> Should be "penalties for X and rewards for Y"

D- hoarding candy, rewarding those who share it—has been criticized for encouraging
Wrong. "The new rules" is plural

E- who hoard candy and rewards for those who share it—have been criticized on the grounds that they encourage
Correct. "penalties for X and rewards for Y" is correct.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The new rules in the school's code of conduct including [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2013, 16:51
Rock750 wrote:
The new rules in the school's code of conduct—including penalties for children hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage children to share opportunistically rather than altruistically.

A- hoarding candy and rewards for those sharing it—has been criticized to encourage

B- who hoard candy and reward those who share—have been criticized for encouraging

C- hoarding candy and rewarding them when they share—have been criticized because of encouraging

D- hoarding candy, rewarding those who share it—has been criticized for encouraging

E- who hoard candy and rewards for those who share it—have been criticized on the grounds that they encourage

First thing that shouts to me is - - . A dash is used to add more information to the sentence. It is almost like a modifier and can be ignored for reading the core sentence :
The new rules in the school's code of conduct - -has been criticized to encourage children to share opportunistically rather than altruistically.

verb has to be have. B,C and E remain. C has a modifier error. Hoarding and rewarding are pointing to the same children. Is that what the sentence is suppose to mean ? No. Eliminated.
Now in C and E. The subject is rules and the action should also be plural. Hence the correct usage is rewards and not reward. E wins.
Re: The new rules in the school's code of conduct including   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2013, 16:51
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