GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Jan 2019, 17:08

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### The winners of the GMAT game show

January 22, 2019

January 22, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

In case you didn’t notice, we recently held the 1st ever GMAT game show and it was awesome! See who won a full GMAT course, and register to the next one.
• ### Key Strategies to Master GMAT SC

January 26, 2019

January 26, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Attend this webinar to learn how to leverage Meaning and Logic to solve the most challenging Sentence Correction Questions.

# The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

VP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1066
Location: India
GPA: 3.31
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2014, 01:18
1
russ9 wrote:
Well, A and E are both parallel so that's not the issue.

Actually E is not parallel. If the sentence was:

....critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as envisioning new chemistry....

Then the sentence would have been parallel (critiquing and envisioning...), though still incorrect for other reasons.

Quote:
- In A/B/C/ Is it safe to say that whenever we have a sentence followed by a , noun can we infer that the first word is going to modify the noun before the comma? What I mean is -- can we say that the book was a critique since the book isn't alive, it can't be actively critiquing. Does my question make sense to anyone?

Perhaps the meaning of the word critique isn't very clear. critique means: a detailed analysis and assessment of something. So, book being alive would not matter.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Manager
Joined: 27 Jan 2015
Posts: 126
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 670 Q44 V38
Re: *700* The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Apr 2015, 21:45
souvik101990 wrote:
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

A. a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a
Nothing initially wrong with this, checking other options to see if they're more efficient without changing the meaning of the sentence

B. a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a
same meaning, less efficient

C. a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well
poor grammar

D. critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of
changes the meaning of the sentence

E. critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

grammatically incorrect and also changes the meaning of the sentence
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2598
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: *700* The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2015, 13:31
souvik101990 wrote:
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

A. a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

B. a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a

C. a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well

D. critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of

E. critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

and also - redundant, same meaning. B and D eliminated.
in C a critique is not parallel to envisioning
D - comma+ing modifier. not correct chemistry from robert boyle changes meaning. critiquing is not parallel to a vision of
E - same error as in D, all chemistry done since robert boyle - changes meaning, critiquing is not parallel to his own envisioning.
A is correct.
Manager
Status: GMAT Date: 10/08/15
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 87
Location: United States (MA)
Concentration: Human Resources, Strategy
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.5
WE: Human Resources (Consumer Products)
Re: *700* The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2015, 07:14
souvik101990 wrote:
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

A. a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

B. a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a

C. a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well

D. critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of

E. critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

Option A

E is close but I eliminated it as his... Davy sounds illogical.
"critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

Looking for the OA and OE now.

Thanks,
aimtoteach
_________________

Thanks,
aimtoteach

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Please give Kudos if you find this post useful.

Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2014
Posts: 7
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V31
Re: *700* The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Apr 2015, 12:18
souvik101990 wrote:
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

A. a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

B. a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a

C. a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well

D. critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of

E. critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

Hi,
I'd pick A as well.

B - "..all chemistry following Robert Boyle.." doesn't sound right. "and also" is redundant.

C - "..a critique of.. envisioning.." is not parallel.

D - "and also" is redundant, "critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward.." changes the meaning, I think. Also, Critiquing is not parallel with vision.

E - Sounds like Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments .. critiquing both - the Chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of new chemistry..
Retired Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 841
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2015, 10:32
1
MisterEko wrote:
Why does "critique" have to modify "Essay"? Can't it be:

"The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results..... critiquing...." ?

Official Explanation:
The main objective of the sentence is to describe "Essay on Heat and Light" as Davy's presentation of his own experiments and to further explain that the essay served as both a critique of previous chemistry and a vision of anew kind of chemistry. The clearest, most effective form for providing this explanation of the essay's function is to make critique and vision both appositives of "Essay on Heat and LIght", and to present them in a parallel structure.

Makes sense, but not easy to spot in my view.
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7212
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2017, 05:38
2
1
er.arun88 wrote:

Quote:
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his "Essay on Heat and Light", a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well
(D) critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of
(E) critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

Hi,

I think you should first look at the structure of the sentence..

1) the underlined portion describes the BOOK " essay on heart and light", so the underlined portion should start with appositive modifier, which is generally used as a noun modifier..
so a present participle CRITIQUING is wrong here and ' a critique' is correct
critique means a detailed analysis of something

this should get you down to three choices : A, B and C

2) parallelism
'a critique' should be parallel with 'a vision'

so only A is left

hope it helps
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

GMAT online Tutor

Intern
Joined: 26 Jan 2016
Posts: 6
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2017, 12:10
I got the right answer because I found D&E wrong for reasons below. Is the use of 'critiquing' wrong here? I think A,B, and C starting with 'a critique' is right because it represents the essay mentioned but 'critiquing' also makes sense because it represents the actions he did through the essay. Please enlighten me here!

(D) forward~~ is wrong.
(E) his own envisioning of ~~ is wrong.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1375
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Dec 2017, 16:36
1
We could certainly follow the fixed portion with an adverbial modifier ("critiquing"), but the choices that do so aren't parallel: both D and E present a noun after "and." C does the same thing in reverse, starting with a noun and following up with "envisioning." That leaves A and B, the latter of which uses the terrible "his envisioning" in place of the simple "a vision."

ssyohee, you've identified the same problem in E that I just mentioned in C. However, there's nothing wrong with the usage "from X forward," as in D.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1299
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jun 2018, 03:05
egmat GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma generis

How can an Essay be a critique since a 'a person' ; should it not be since 'time of RB'?
Also do we not use AND as a parallel marker and NOT- as well as ?

If two nouns :
• a critique of all chemistry
• vision of a new chemistry

modify the essay, then should not a dash come after “Essay on Heat and Light,” Instead of a coma?
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Intern
Joined: 02 Apr 2018
Posts: 15
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2018, 09:07
DOUBTS:

1) option E is incorrect because it implies that the vision was critiqued. But is the word "done" used in option E wrong? Moreover, in option A, the word "done" is not used. So is this word optional?

2) In option A, instead of "as well as", we could have used "and" right?

3) In one sentence both "and" and "as well" cant be used together, right? The way it is used in option C?
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 384
Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2018, 11:39
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct choice! First, let's take a quick look at the original question and highlight the major differences between the options in orange:

The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his "Essay on Heat and Light", a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well
(D) critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of
(E) critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

After a quick glance over the options, we can clearly see there are a few places we can focus on:

1. "a critique of" vs. "critiquing"
2. since / following / after / from Robert Boyle...
3. as well as... / and also... / and...

Let's start with #1 on our list: "a critique of" versus "critiquing." This will eliminate either 2 or 3 options, so it's a great place to start!

If we look carefully, we can see that the underlined portion of this sentence is part of a modifier that's giving us more information on "Essay on Heat and Light." What is it? A critique of chemistry that existed after Robert Boyle. Using -ing modifiers only works when we're modifying people, so the "critiquing" options aren't correct. Since we're modifying an object, we should use the phrase "a critique of" to convey that the modifier is referring to the essay, and not the person who wrote it. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well
(D) critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of
(E) critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

We can eliminate options D & E because they use "critiquing," which is mean to modify people, not objects!

Since so many people in the comments got hung up on the since/following/after concept, let's skip it and move to #3 on our list for now, which deals with parallelism!

The underlined modifier indicates that "Essay on Heat and Light" accomplishes two things:

1. Critiques the field of chemistry after Robert Boyle wrote about it
2. Creates a vision of a new chemistry Davy hopes to find

These two items must be written using parallel structure, so let's take a closer look at each option to figure out which ones use parallel structure and rule out those that don't. To make it easier to spot, I've added the ending to each option. Here's how they break down:

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found. --> PARALLEL
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found. --> NOT PARALLEL
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well new chemistry that Davy hoped to found. --> NOT PARALLEL

There you have it - option A is the correct choice because it uses parallel structure and phrases the modifier clearly!

(*One final note: If you are concerned that the sentence should say "...that Davy hoped to find" instead of "...that Davy hoped to found," I agree with you! I think this was a typo created by the person who originally posted this, so disregard that error and focus on the rest of the post!)

Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.
_________________

"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

★★★★★ GMAT Club Verified Reviews for EMPOWERgmat & Special Discount

GMAT Club Verbal Advantage EMPOWERgmat Critical Reasoning Question Pack

Re: The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the &nbs [#permalink] 03 Dec 2018, 11:39

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 32 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by