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# The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests

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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2010, 09:42
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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a
firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide

can someone clarify the usage of comma and conjunction in B and C?

B has comma before conjunction, whereas C has comma after conjunction.

does the place of comma make difference in this case?

and in which case we need another independent clause after conjunction?

Thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by lys8207 on 25 Jan 2010, 17:03, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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Re: normative model from OG verbal review 2nd edition [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2010, 10:14
couple of splits - decide vs deciding

I belive - The normative model ......suggests that executives examine..... and [decide/deciding].....

I will go with decide. i.e

The normative model ......suggests that executives examine..... and decide

Hence, B & C are OUT

Now between A, C, E

A - WRONG - Not parallel.
C - CORRECT - The text using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses is a modifier that modifies "decide".
E - WRONG - Not parallel.
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Re: normative model from OG verbal review 2nd edition [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 10:42
How about the comma after 'and' in option C. Is it the right usage?
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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 08:47
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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they
decide
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 18:59
1
KUDOS
the subjunctive category u marked made it easy for me :D
bare form of the verb decide, so clearly D

WarriorAjay wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they
decide

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 20:50
1
KUDOS
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide : Wrong use of 'In' using, 'Can' decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding : Redundant use of they
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding : Wrong use of deciding, in using
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide: Correct
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they
decide: So wordy!
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 22:54
WarriorAjay wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they
decide

:
Doesn't D chages the meaning from "can decide" in the original sentence to "decide".
For example:
I go to school
I can go to school:

They are two different meanings right??
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2011, 04:48
Well, it's actually not changing the meaning. As statement is a suggestion, uncertainty is introduced. Remember the usage of Subjunctive where one body is not sure whether other body will act accordingly.
e.g. I suggest that you study hard. - correct
I suggest that you can study hard. - Incorrect -- { precisely, confusing}.
Even though you can't study, I am merely suggesting.
Hope this helps.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2013, 21:27
What is the Issue with B?

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding

Structure: IC,and IC (where IC= independent clause)

Moreover , (A) would have been correct had it used "they can decide " after comma.

Plz Advice what is the issue with (B).
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2013, 23:27
In choice B, "they" does not have a clear antecedent.. "They" can refer to either "executives" or "firm’s
external environment and internal conditions".
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 11:45
MacFauz wrote:
In choice B, "they" does not have a clear antecedent.. "They" can refer to either "executives" or "firm’s
external environment and internal conditions".

Pronoun reference is always a issue for me .

Somewhere I have read that if the pronoun antecedent is pretty obvious then there isn't any issue.

Plz clear the air as in option (B). we do have a logic that "THEY" refers to EXECUTIVES.However, going by the MGMAT Rule of LAW for Pronoun ambiguity

(1). Repeats
(2). Proximity
(3). Case

It seems that "THEY" is ambiguous .Still I need a golden rule for PRONOUN REFERENCE
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 20:30
targetgmatchotu wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
In choice B, "they" does not have a clear antecedent.. "They" can refer to either "executives" or "firm’s
external environment and internal conditions".

Pronoun reference is always a issue for me .

Somewhere I have read that if the pronoun antecedent is pretty obvious then there isn't any issue.

Plz clear the air as in option (B). we do have a logic that "THEY" refers to EXECUTIVES.However, going by the MGMAT Rule of LAW for Pronoun ambiguity

(1). Repeats
(2). Proximity
(3). Case

It seems that "THEY" is ambiguous .Still I need a golden rule for PRONOUN REFERENCE

I don't believe "they" is ambiguous. Sure, it can gramatically refer to "executives" or "external environment and internal conditions" but tell me if this makes sense to you logically:

"External environment and internal conditions use the set of objective criteria .... " ?

The pronoun ambiguity would happen in a situation like this:

Executives follow rules and employees follow executives, so they must be out of their mind. You can see that "they", both gramatically and logically, can refer to either "executives" or "employees".

Option B has a paralellism issue. The meaning of the sentence is that executives do a couple of things:
1) examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions --> italicized words are a sublist of 1)
2) decide on a strategy

So, as you can see now the issue is that "deciding" needs to be changed to "decide" in order to be parallel.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 22:12
stoy4o wrote:
targetgmatchotu wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
In choice B, "they" does not have a clear antecedent.. "They" can refer to either "executives" or "firm’s
external environment and internal conditions".

Pronoun reference is always a issue for me .

Somewhere I have read that if the pronoun antecedent is pretty obvious then there isn't any issue.

Plz clear the air as in option (B). we do have a logic that "THEY" refers to EXECUTIVES.However, going by the MGMAT Rule of LAW for Pronoun ambiguity

(1). Repeats
(2). Proximity
(3). Case

It seems that "THEY" is ambiguous .Still I need a golden rule for PRONOUN REFERENCE

I don't believe "they" is ambiguous. Sure, it can gramatically refer to "executives" or "external environment and internal conditions" but tell me if this makes sense to you logically:

"External environment and internal conditions use the set of objective criteria .... " ?

The pronoun ambiguity would happen in a situation like this:

Executives follow rules and employees follow executives, so they must be out of their mind. You can see that "they", both gramatically and logically, can refer to either "executives" or "employees".

Option B has a paralellism issue. The meaning of the sentence is that executives do a couple of things:
1) examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions --> italicized words are a sublist of 1)
2) decide on a strategy

So, as you can see now the issue is that "deciding" needs to be changed to "decide" in order to be parallel.

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions
, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

Sentence structure is : IC,and IC (IC= Independent clause)

So this structure doesn't demand the verbs of 2 IC's to be ||
So,IMO Deciding need not be || to examine.

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 22:15
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding on a strategy.

I don't see the problem in the above.However, there could be some IDIOM issue(In Deciding) on which someone could throw light upon

Thanks
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 19:28
WarriorAjay wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s
external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive
from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they
decide

It's a question of meaning. Executives study X and Y and , blah blah..., decide on a strategy. D wins.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 22:54
Bluelagoon I think the more appropriate will be -
suggest in the sentence refers subjunctive mood-> suggest + that+ subject+plural verb
that Executives examine (a firm’s external environment and internal conditions) and, blah blah..., decide on a strategy.

Any thoughts??
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 23:07
kawan84 wrote:
Bluelagoon I think the more appropriate will be -
suggest in the sentence refers subjunctive mood-> suggest + that+ subject+plural verb
that Executives examine (a firm’s external environment and internal conditions) and, blah blah..., decide on a strategy.

Any thoughts??

yes i think that's another way of looking at it.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 00:40
I feel that option D has a (noun) modifier issue. The portion of the sentence "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses" is a noun modifier expecting "executives" or a "they" preceding or following it immediately. For instance, look at SC Grail for examples on Dangling modifiers. There they something like:
Incorrect : Using a bat, a ball can be hit
Correct: Using a bat, a cricketer can hit a ball
I will go for option (B) here.
Experts please correct me if my understanding is wrong.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 02:31
devattam wrote:
I feel that option D has a (noun) modifier issue. The portion of the sentence "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses" is a noun modifier expecting "executives" or a "they" preceding or following it immediately. For instance, look at SC Grail for examples on Dangling modifiers. There they something like:
Incorrect : Using a bat, a ball can be hit
Correct: Using a bat, a cricketer can hit a ball
I will go for option (B) here.
Experts please correct me if my understanding is wrong.

The portion "using (...) analyses" does not modify the preceding noun.

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

The construct COMMA + ING is a modifier that refers to a clause ( not noun ), it provides more information/shows the consequences of the action...

The structure of the sentence "executives examine (...) and (modifer of how they decide) decide"
Moreover D is the only option that respect the structure "executives examine (...) and (...) decide", all the other are not parallel.

The ING form without the comma modifies the preceding noun.
The ING form preceed by a COMMA modifes the entire clause.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 02:53
devattam wrote:
I feel that option D has a (noun) modifier issue. The portion of the sentence "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses" is a noun modifier expecting "executives" or a "they" preceding or following it immediately. For instance, look at SC Grail for examples on Dangling modifiers. There they something like:
Incorrect : Using a bat, a ball can be hit
Correct: Using a bat, a cricketer can hit a ball
I will go for option (B) here.
Experts please correct me if my understanding is wrong.

Let me try, Option B gives equal importance to all the events i.e. examine, use and decide
where actually examine and decide should be parallel and using should be a subordinate ... which is correctly done in D

Does it help?
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2013, 02:53

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