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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 23:09
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IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 23:10
daagh wrote:
IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression



Seconded. The subjuncive is the reason u cannot use "can".

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 08:30
Hello ,

For the options C,D & E , there is a COMMA after 'and'. I am aware of syntax " comma+and" but not "and +comma';Does the latter syntax have any special indication ?

Thanks!!

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 12:21
vmgmat wrote:
Hello ,

For the options C,D & E , there is a COMMA after 'and'. I am aware of syntax " comma+and" but not "and +comma';Does the latter syntax have any special indication ?

Thanks!!




A. the comma is in the wrong place. "in using the set of objective ....." is a modifier for how the executives could decide on a theory so if we take out the modifier then it will look like this: , and can decide on a strategy. Comma + and needs a subject and verb but there is no subject.

B. "in deciding" is not preferable

C. "Deciding" is no parallel to examine

D. Correct. The modifier is separated off by commas and "decide" is parallel to "examine."

E. "(Independent) and, (Independent clause)" is not appropriate. There are two IC not joined in the right way. It is suppose to be ",and" not "and,"

Hope this helps

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2014, 10:39
This is an example in which the aspirants adhering to grammar rules will stumble.

Rule say to use -ING modifier only as a result of the previous clause or as an additional information.

However, here -ING has been used differently as an NON-ESSENTIAL modifier.

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions and, using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, decide on a strategy.

Concepts tested:

Non - essential modifier - ING
Subjunctive
Consecutive verbs of same subject are joined by and , so no need to repeat the subject, which necessarily leads to wordiness.

BOSSY verb + that + subject + verb
Suggests + that + executives + examine & decide

suggests that executives examine........... and , using..........., decide...........

since using....... is NEM we can strike it off

suggests that executives examine and decide.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2014, 09:19
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide

Option A) Lets remove the segment of the sentence in between the two comma. That indicates, it is not required and acts as a modifier.
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions can decide on a strategy
Conditions can decide - Incorrect.
Option B) executives examine X and deciding Y - Not parallel - Incorrect.
Option C) Same issue as B has.
Option D) Perfect "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses" is acting as a modifier for the executives to decide. We can take it out.
then the sentence becomes
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions and decide on a strategy.
examine and decide are parallel.

Option E) executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions and they decide on a strategy - We have an extra subject - Incorrect.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2014, 04:51
iDisappear wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a
firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide


"suggest that sb can do" is not idiom. we cannot use "can" after "suggest". A is gone.
if we repeat "they" and use two independent clause we need "and that they use..." . the second "that" is needed. there is no second "that" in B. choice B is wrong.
"deciding" in C make the second phrase after "and" has no verb. C is gone.

"in their use" makes difference in meaning. we need "using..." to show how "decide" is done. E also need second "that" if it wants to use "they"
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2014, 18:11
daagh wrote:
IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression


Hi daagh,


1) When a coordinating conjunction is preceded by a comma, it could serve two purposes: It will either introduce an independent clause and connect the two clauses or it could create a list. Correct?

2) On the other hand, if a coordinating conjunction such as "and" is followed by a comma, what purpose does it serve?

I can see from your example above what the "and" is doing and it seems like, it seems like it's setting up two independent clauses -- executives examine a firm and, executives decide on a strategy. Am I correct?

Does that mean that when "and" is preceded by a comma, there really isn't that big of a difference compared to when "and" is followed by a comma. It still serves as a separator of two clauses and requires a SV, before and after the coordinating conjunction?

Thanks!

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New post 24 Jul 2014, 15:27
Can someone explain this question

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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

Lets break the sentence into its clauses and phrases:
Clause-1 : The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests - Normative Model is the subject and suggests is the verb
Clause-2 : that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions - Executives is subject and examine is verb
Clause-3 : ,and
Phrase : - in using the set of objective criteria
Continuation of clause-3: they derive from these analyses,[color=#ed1c24] can decide on a strategy.
- They is subject and derive is verb. Can decide on a strategy is placed awkwardly and has no subject. So this sentence has modifier and S_V error[/color]

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide - Wrong as explained above
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding - Parallelism issue- Executive examine should be || Executives decide
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding - Deciding is not || to examine
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide correct choice- parallel.
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide - No comma + and to connect two clauses
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New post 20 Nov 2014, 06:16
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.

The model suggests that executives examine , and [in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses] decide.............

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide - and can decide is not parallel
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding - Verbs 'examine' and 'decide' are parallel and not 'examine and 'use'.
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding - and deciding....Fragment.

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide - Correct
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide - second they is not required. Verbose.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2015, 21:27
gsothee wrote:
I cannot decide between B & D :-

B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding--on a strategy

Deciding seems wrong as the situation does not demand progressive tense.

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
And, using seems wrong, if only using was used without conjunction "and", it would be more plausible.
What is OA


In deciding on a strategy is incorrect

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2015, 04:34
A point: Don't we need a 'that' before 'they' and 'after 'they' in Choice B?

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and that they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding on a strategy.

Meaning: ... suggests that executives ....... , and that they ....

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2015, 09:00
nikhil007 wrote:
In D " using" is used as a verb-Ing modifier modifying executives, even though it correctly modifies executives, it just doesn't make sense as there is no cause-effect relation here.

Hi Nikhil, wondering if you missed the and before using. So, in some sense, E is trying to convey the following:

Using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, executives decide on a strategy.

This is a valid construct.

Quote:
Execs don't examine firms environment using the set of objective criteria. rather set of objective criterias is to derive at decision.

Yes, and that is exactly what D conveys.

Quote:
I will rather be comfortable with something like "executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions" and "use the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses to decide on a strategy" or some construction similar to that.

That would slightly change the meaning of the original sentence. The intent of the sentence is to convey that executives do two things: examine (a firm's environment and conditions) and decide on a strategy (by using objective criteria). So, examine and decide have to be parallel. However, in the structure that you've suggested, the parallelism would be between examine and use.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2015, 20:59
daagh wrote:
IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression



great.
speaking simply, after subjuctive verb like "suggest", we do not use "can, could, must", but use infinitive "be, decide".
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New post 10 Jul 2015, 00:15
Is using the comma after "and" right ?

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2015, 13:11
Did anyone mention subjunctive mood?

The normative suggests that executive
1. examine and
2. decide

can/should/etc - incorrect in subjunctive mood.


the only answer choice that maintains this parallelism structure is D.

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 23:45
Option B and Option D both seem correct.
The final answer in my opinion comes down a inconsequential oxford comma, that makes all the difference in differentiating the two clauses.
Lets analyse the two options after inserting them in the sentence:-
B) The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding on a strategy. IN THIS sentence the comma after condition is starting the new clause thus "examine" & "deciding" are not parallel.

D) The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide on a strategy. IN THIS sentence, the comma after and is used to separate two lists (list of actions in this case; Examine and using .. the entire sentence becomes a long single clause. Just because the conjunction and is used does not divide the sentence into two clauses. For example :- He eats toast, eggs and bacon, and orange juice for breakfast everyday. (List of three food items but action is one - eating)

iDisappear wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a
firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 00:56
iDisappear wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a
firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide


What is the intent of the author:
NM suggests two things:
executives examine X and Y
executives decide on some strategy.

This intent is not clear in Option A and is most clearly represented in Option D.
Now if we go by grammatical mistakes:
1. I need examine and decide parallel.
2. modifier in using bla bla bla should be separate from two parallel things in comma.

Now Option d remains.

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2016, 10:23
How did you figure out that "examine" should be parallel to "decide"? When I first see the question, I tried to make "examine" parallel to "use" and that's why I selected option B as a correct choice.
Please help me to understand why making "examine" and "use" parallel is incorrect. They are also providing the intended meaning.

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2016, 10:23

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