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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests

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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2010, 12:21
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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 11 May 2013, 13:32, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 01:11
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One essential feature of parallelism is that in compound sentences, which use connecters such as and, or, but etc, if the subject of the first part is also the subject of the second part, then we can omit the subject in the second part. (Executives in this case)

e.g.: Tom went to London and [strike]he[/strike] stayed for one month. Here ther is no need to repeat the pronoun he; It is in fact considered redundant.

Inflation stayed high before the central bank raised the interest rate but [strike](inflation / it)[/strike] dropped significantly soon after. We can drop the subject of the second part.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 23:09
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IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 04:08
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A. C, E are out because 'in using' and 'in their using' sounds awkward. \

B- Here examine and deciding are not parallel. Also the punctuation is incorrect. There is a comma before 'and' rather than after 'and'

D- they examine and ,using X, decide on Y

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2010, 03:14
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I have one doubt.

The official explanation says that there is no need to repeat the subject 'THEY' in A and B.

But both A and B have the use of ',and' that implies two clauses are connected by the 'and'. Thus we definitely need a subject after ',and'.

M I wrong?
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2014, 07:15
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The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

Lets break the sentence into its clauses and phrases:
Clause-1 : The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests - Normative Model is the subject and suggests is the verb
Clause-2 : that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions - Executives is subject and examine is verb
Clause-3 : ,and
Phrase : - in using the set of objective criteria
Continuation of clause-3: they derive from these analyses,[color=#ed1c24] can decide on a strategy.
- They is subject and derive is verb. Can decide on a strategy is placed awkwardly and has no subject. So this sentence has modifier and S_V error[/color]

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide - Wrong as explained above
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding - Parallelism issue- Executive examine should be || Executives decide
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding - Deciding is not || to examine
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide correct choice- parallel.
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide - No comma + and to connect two clauses
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 01:07
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I think the correct option is D.

"suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy."

The highlighted portions should be parallel. " can" in original sentence is wrong.

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide - correct option
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide

What is the OA?

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 05:22
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D is correct because of parallelism between 'examine' and 'decide'.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2011, 22:30
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I have highlighted your query - that structure is valid.
subject = executives
verb = examine, decide
and = conjunction

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal
D. conditions and, [strike]using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses[/strike], decide

If you loose the non essentials in a sentence the meaning will not change. So I strike what is non essential i.e. between the commas. Now the meaning is executives examine and decide.
examine || decide. Hope that helps !

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abmyers wrote:
I also have a question on this form. My understanding is that if you use the "and," form, the clause after the "and," must have a verb and subject. OA D seems to violate. Can anyone shed some light on this apparent contradiction?

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 04:00
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I did choose D over B considering 'use X in deciding on Y' as slightly unidiomatic.
'use X to decide on Y' is better. (Is it?)
but it seems former is perfectly fine idiom.

On the use of comma before and after 'and' I think both B and D are correct.

When we use ',and' while connecting two independent clause, i think using subject is perfectly fine.
'Tom went to London ,and he stayed for one month'

When we don't want to use comma it's better not use subject again. It is like you are connecting two verbs. So repeating subject is redundant.

'Tom went to London and stayed for one month'

So in this Q, B is of first type and D is of second. (in D commas are enclosing modifier)
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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11 May 2013, 13:44
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Marcab wrote:
Having read the entire discussion thoroughly, I must say that everyone has missed-I guess I am not wrong-a subtle difference between the intended meaning and the rest of the sentences.
Option A uses "can decide", so shouldn't we limit ourselves to the intended meaning and choose A rather?

Please let me know if I am wrong.

I agree with Marcab here, and to be frank, I am not convinced with OA.
In D " using" is used as a verb-Ing modifier modifying executives, even though it correctly modifies executives, it just doesn't make sense as there is no cause-effect relation here.
Execs don't examine firms environment using the set of objective criteria. rather set of objective criterias is to derive at decision.
I will rather be comfortable with something like "executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions" and "use the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses to decide on a strategy" or some construction similar to that.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2017, 00:25
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iDisappear wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide

if we want to use "they" we need second "that

suggest
that executive examine
and
that they , using... decide.

or to ommit "that " , we use the pattern like in D

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2017, 07:50
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Expert's post
CristianJuarez wrote:

Hi mikemcgarry

Could you please explain me the modifier in choice D? conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

Why can we say with certainty that it modifies executives? In this case, the ING modifier is not showing a result of a previous clause and is not touching executives (as when we say something like: "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, executives blah blah blah").

Regards,
Cristián

Hello Cristián CristianJuarez,

The modifier using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses actually modifies the action decide that appears after this modifier.

How do the executives decide on a strategy? They do so by using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses.

The modifier using the set... also makes sense with the doer of the modified action decide - executives.

The context and the structure of the sentence are such that the meaning conveyed by Choice D is clear.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2017, 14:12
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Expert's post
CristianJuarez wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry

Could you please explain me the modifier in choice D? conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

Why can we say with certainty that it modifies executives? In this case, the ING modifier is not showing a result of a previous clause and is not touching executives (as when we say something like: "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, executives blah blah blah").

Regards,
Cristián

Dear CristianJuarez,

I'm happy to respond. I see that Shraddha already responded. I will add a few more thoughts.

First of all, it's good to learn the proper names. What you are calling an "ING modifier" is called a participle. Precision in language supports precision in thought.

Participles are unique in that they can function either as a noun modifier or as a verb/clause modifier. Only noun-modifiers obey the Touch Rule: with a few well-defined exceptions, noun modifiers must "touch" the noun they modifier. The Touch Rule governs noun modifiers only: it is entirely irrelevant to verb modifiers. Verb modifiers are much more free in their placement, as long as there's no ambiguity.

In this sentence, the participial phrase "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses" answers a "how?" question, so it's an adverbial phrase, a verb modifier.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 03:42
I cannot decide between B & D :-

B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding--on a strategy
Deciding seems wrong as the situation does not demand progressive tense.

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
And, using seems wrong, if only using was used without conjunction "and", it would be more plausible.
What is OA
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 07:23
IMO D
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 08:14
D for me.

||: examine and decide.

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 17:00
D for me too. Though the sentence is bit funny because of "external environment and internal conditions and, using the set of objective criteria...."...generally the comma is before 'and'

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2011, 21:45
I also have a question on this form. My understanding is that if you use the "and," form, the clause after the "and," must have a verb and subject. OA D seems to violate. Can anyone shed some light on this apparent contradiction?

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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 12:10
D for // structure . none of the other options is satisfactory
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Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2011, 12:10

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