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# The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique

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20 Nov 2014, 13:22
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The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique at the latitude. For example, Burlington, Vermont is at 44 degrees north latitude, the same latitude as Southern France. Southern France has a typical mid-temperate zone climate characterized by warm, dry summers and cool winters with only occasional snowfall. Yet Burlington’s climate is similar to that of Anchorage, Alaska and Helsinki, Finland, each or which are located about 1000 miles further north.

Which of the following, if true, best helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy discussed above?

A)The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.
B)The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.
C)Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.
D)The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States.
E)The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

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AK
Please give Kudos if the question helped you in anyway
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2015, 09:29
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rukna wrote:
The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique at the latitude. For example, Burlington, Vermont is at 44 degrees north latitude, the same latitude as Southern France. Southern France has a typical mid-temperate zone climate characterized by warm, dry summers and cool winters with only occasional snowfall. Yet Burlington’s climate is similar to that of Anchorage, Alaska and Helsinki, Finland, each or which are located about 1000 miles further north.

Which of the following, if true, best helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy discussed above?

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

What is the discrepancy? The discrepancy is that even though Burlington and Southern France are located at the same latitude, the climate of Burlington is not the same as that of Vermont but is more similar to regions up North.

What makes Burlington " area" so special? Let us go through the options-

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

Not correct because it explains the climate of Southern France but does not explain what we are interested in- the climate of Burlington.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

Not correct. Although in real world we may know which area lies to west and east but that such knowledge is not required on the GMAT. So, we really do not know which area lies where and to west and north of what???

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

Not correct. Does this argument tell how the altitude influences the climate? No and we do not require to have that knowledge either. 200 feet above sea level makes Burlington colder or hotter? Also do we know the altitude of Southern France? This option simply plays with our pre-conceived notions and knowledge because we all know that with increase in latitude temperatures do fall. But at what altitude? We do not have so much info.This is atypical GMAT trap where it traps us into comparison between similar entities when all we require is the comparison between dis-similar entities.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

This option is correct because it resolves the conflicting information by providing unique information about the factor that makes NE region including Burlington unique.Note that we already know about the details of climate for Southern France , so with this extra info. everything falls into place.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

Irrelevant.We are interested with North Eastern part of the United states so to hell with the Western part

Hope the above clears your doubt.

I donot mind Kudos..
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##### General Discussion
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21 Nov 2014, 08:55
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The correct answer will resolve the paradox as to how Burlington Vermont could be at the same latitude as the South of France, yet have the climate characteristics of areas 1000 miles further north. Choice A is incorrect because it tries to explain the reason for the French climate, but the French climate is described as “typical” and so needs no explanation. The climate in Vermont needs to be explained. Choice B is presumably true of all areas in the northern hemisphere, including France, and does not provide a difference to explain the distinction of the cold Northeastern U.S. Choice C provides a similarity between Burlington and the two cities with similar climates – Anchorage and Helsinki. However, this similarity does not explain why two cities 1000 miles north of Burlington have the same climate. In fact, by eliminating the possibility that Burlington could have a higher altitude this actually deepens the paradox. Choice E is irrelevant to the discussion because this choice explains the reason for the climate found in California, Oregon, and Washington, not the climate of the Northeastern U.S. Choice D is the correct answer because it provides a reason why the Northeastern United States would have a uniquely “northern” climate due to the influx of arctic Canadian air.

I can see some people have already tried the question guys please give Kudos if the question added to your knowledge and help me unlock tests

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AK
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Updated on: 22 Sep 2017, 07:15
7
The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique at the latitude. For example, Burlington, Vermont is at 44 degrees north latitude, the same latitude as Southern France. Southern France has a typical mid-temperate zone climate characterized by warm, dry summers and cool winters with only occasional snowfall. Yet Burlington’s climate is similar to that of Anchorage, Alaska and Helsinki, Finland, each or which are located about 1000 miles further north.

Which of the following, if true, best helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy discussed above?

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

Originally posted by rukna on 08 Aug 2015, 09:08.
Last edited by broall on 22 Sep 2017, 07:15, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2015, 09:44
samichange wrote:
rukna wrote:
The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique at the latitude. For example, Burlington, Vermont is at 44 degrees north latitude, the same latitude as Southern France. Southern France has a typical mid-temperate zone climate characterized by warm, dry summers and cool winters with only occasional snowfall. Yet Burlington’s climate is similar to that of Anchorage, Alaska and Helsinki, Finland, each or which are located about 1000 miles further north.

Which of the following, if true, best helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy discussed above?

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

What is the discrepancy? The discrepancy is that even though Burlington and Southern France are located at the same latitude, the climate of Burlington is not the same as that of Vermont but is more similar to regions up North.

What makes Burlington " area" so special? Let us go through the options-

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

Not correct because it explains the climate of Southern France but does not explain what we are interested in- the climate of Burlington.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

Not correct. Although in real world we may know which area lies to west and east but that such knowledge is not required on the GMAT. So, we really do not know which area lies where and to west and north of what???

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

Not correct. Does this argument tell how the altitude influences the climate? No and we do not require to have that knowledge either. 200 feet above sea level makes Burlington colder or hotter? Also do we know the altitude of Southern France? This option simply plays with our pre-conceived notions and knowledge because we all know that with increase in latitude temperatures do fall. But at what altitude? We do not have so much info.This is atypical GMAT trap where it traps us into comparison between similar entities when all we require is the comparison between dis-similar entities.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

This option is correct because it resolves the conflicting information by providing unique information about the factor that makes NE region including Burlington unique.Note that we already know about the details of climate for Southern France , so with this extra info. everything falls into place.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

Irrelevant.We are interested with North Eastern part of the United states so to hell with the Western part

Hope the above clears your doubt.

I donot mind Kudos..

So, here is what I thought.

C option gives us another explanation. It is not only latitude but some other factor i.e altitude which could be the reason why climate of Burlington is similar to north. It also gives reasoning that altitude of Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2015, 10:17
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rukna wrote:

So, here is what I thought.

C option gives us another explanation. It is not only latitude but some other factor i.e altitude which could be the reason why climate of Burlington is similar to north. It also gives reasoning that altitude of Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

You have a point.
But here we are dealing more with dis-similarity and less with causality.
Moreover, does being less than 200 feet above sea level makes a climate hotter or colder??

Actually, option C actually says that the climate of Burlington should be different from the areas up North !!!

Since, all the cities in option C are less than 200 feet above sea level so the altitude's influence on climate should be more or less same for the cities of Burlington, Anchorage and Helsinki BUT all are at DIFFERENT latitudes and hence the climate of Burlington MUST be different from the cities up North.

I hope the above explanation clarifies your doubt.

I do not mind Kudos
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18 Nov 2015, 09:41
D makes sense but A and C look right to me as well.
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2016, 11:53
picked D, because it gives a more valid and convincing reason why Burlington has a different climate than Southern France has.
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04 Oct 2016, 04:58
samichange wrote:
rukna wrote:

What is the discrepancy? The discrepancy is that even though Burlington and Southern France are located at the same latitude, the climate of Burlington is not the same as that of Vermont but is more similar to regions up North.

I believe the part in red is a typo. Rest, your explanation makes sense. Thank you samichange
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 08:30
rukna wrote:
samichange wrote:
rukna wrote:
The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique at the latitude. For example, Burlington, Vermont is at 44 degrees north latitude, the same latitude as Southern France. Southern France has a typical mid-temperate zone climate characterized by warm, dry summers and cool winters with only occasional snowfall. Yet Burlington’s climate is similar to that of Anchorage, Alaska and Helsinki, Finland, each or which are located about 1000 miles further north.

Which of the following, if true, best helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy discussed above?

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

What is the discrepancy? The discrepancy is that even though Burlington and Southern France are located at the same latitude, the climate of Burlington is not the same as that of Vermont but is more similar to regions up North.

What makes Burlington " area" so special? Let us go through the options-

A) The warm waters of the Mediterranean Ocean influence the weather of Southern France, especially the French Riviera.

Not correct because it explains the climate of Southern France but does not explain what we are interested in- the climate of Burlington.

B) The circulation of air around low pressure centers generally brings cold northern air to the western side of the low pressure.

Not correct. Although in real world we may know which area lies to west and east but that such knowledge is not required on the GMAT. So, we really do not know which area lies where and to west and north of what???

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

Not correct. Does this argument tell how the altitude influences the climate? No and we do not require to have that knowledge either. 200 feet above sea level makes Burlington colder or hotter? Also do we know the altitude of Southern France? This option simply plays with our pre-conceived notions and knowledge because we all know that with increase in latitude temperatures do fall. But at what altitude? We do not have so much info.This is atypical GMAT trap where it traps us into comparison between similar entities when all we require is the comparison between dis-similar entities.

D) The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing cold arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States year round.

This option is correct because it resolves the conflicting information by providing unique information about the factor that makes NE region including Burlington unique.Note that we already know about the details of climate for Southern France , so with this extra info. everything falls into place.

E) The Western region of the contiguous United States has a stable climate dominated by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean.

Irrelevant.We are interested with North Eastern part of the United states so to hell with the Western part

Hope the above clears your doubt.

I donot mind Kudos..

So, here is what I thought.

C option gives us another explanation. It is not only latitude but some other factor i.e altitude which could be the reason why climate of Burlington is similar to north. It also gives reasoning that altitude of Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.

In choice E - I think it provides information only about NE, so it should be eliminate as well, because we have no idea whether there're some mountain that acts like the Rocky Mountains or not.

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12 Nov 2016, 11:37
pakasaip wrote:

In choice E - I think it provides information only about NE, so it should be eliminate as well, because we have no idea whether there're some mountain that acts like the Rocky Mountains or not.

Your query is not clear. Option E is out of scope. It talks about the western region whereas the argument is about northeast region.
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12 Nov 2016, 12:46
Can we eliminate C on the basis that it takes a specific example to be true for the entire region?

D does example about the entire region
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12 Nov 2016, 18:47
warriorguy wrote:
Can we eliminate C on the basis that it takes a specific example to be true for the entire region?

D does example about the entire region

It explains only the coldness in NA but doesn't explain about South France. If the option had mentioned the altitude of S. France it would have been a strong contender.

Although, I marked C, that is how I explained to myself why C can't be the right answer

I'd welcome experts comments on my reasoning.
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13 Nov 2016, 12:01
manhasnoname wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
Can we eliminate C on the basis that it takes a specific example to be true for the entire region?

D does example about the entire region

It explains only the coldness in NA but doesn't explain about South France. If the option had mentioned the altitude of S. France it would have been a strong contender.

Although, I marked C, that is how I explained to myself why C can't be the right answer

I'd welcome experts comments on my reasoning.

If the altitude of southern France were given, even then the explanation would not be alright because option C states that the altitude is LESS THAN 200 meters. High altitude, not low, is associated with coldness.

If altitude of southern France were more than 200 meters, then S.France should be colder than these places - so option C then would not explain the difference. If S.France were also less than 200 meters, then there would be no difference between the 3 cities and S.France and hence even then altitude could not be taken as a factor for the difference in weather.
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13 Nov 2016, 15:06
I think it's reasonable to get choices down to C and D.

I eliminated C because the prompt does not discuss the altitude of the other countries discussed in comparison to the Northeast region of the US. We would need to make an additional assumption that, for example, France does not have the same altitude which would account for the difference in climate. -->If we need to make an additional assumption, this choice must not be correct.

D provides isolates why the US region experiences a differing climate at the same altitude as other countries with warmer climates. Thus, this is the correct answer.
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21 Mar 2017, 04:31
Option C vs Option D.

C) Altitude influences climate as much as does latitude and Burlington, Anchorage, and Helsinki are all less than 200 feet above sea level.
Burlington has been used as an example for the NE region. The first statement states that the climate is unique in NE. Does not offer an explanation as to why is it peculiar.

D)The atmospheric jet stream moving across North America is diverted, by the Rocky Mountains, far to the south, bringing arctic Canadian air to the northeastern United States.

Gives a reason as why the entire region has unique climate

IMO: D
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16 Aug 2017, 17:26
law258 wrote:
I think it's reasonable to get choices down to C and D.

I eliminated C because the prompt does not discuss the altitude of the other countries discussed in comparison to the Northeast region of the US. We would need to make an additional assumption that, for example, France does not have the same altitude which would account for the difference in climate. -->If we need to make an additional assumption, this choice must not be correct.

D provides isolates why the US region experiences a differing climate at the same altitude as other countries with warmer climates. Thus, this is the correct answer.

I don't think C is reasonable. A is far more reasonable than C but D is clearly correct. (A) tells us info on France but nothing about the US our target. (a) does answer the discrepancy but (d) does an even better job answering it.

Onto (c) For one, it doesn't tell us France's sea level so we have no basis to go on. (c) really tells us nothing. To draw the conclusion everything under 200 feet from sea level based on 3 cities would be really really wrong. It says Altitude and Climate influence eachother equally yet then how would its temperate be similar to Alaska and Helsinki if only 50% of its characteristics are similar. So (C) is illogical for many reasons.
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Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 08:32
Apologies for going off topic.

But all I could think of was Bernie Sanders while reading the Question!

Sanders 2020
Re: The Northeast region of the United States has a climate that is unique &nbs [#permalink] 21 Sep 2017, 08:32
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