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# The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x

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Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 131
Location: Corea
The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 07:22
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (02:25) correct 34% (02:32) wrong based on 465 sessions

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The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x + y is a four-digit integer. The tens digit of x equals 7 and the tens digit of y equals 5. If x < y, which of the following must be true?

I. The units digit of x + y is greater than the units digit of either x or y.
II. The tens digit of x + y equals 2.
III. The hundreds digit of y is at least 5.

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II
D. I and III
E. II and III
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 75
Location: London
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 08:07
marine wrote:
The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x + y is a four-digit integer. The tens digit of x equals 7 and the tens digit of y equals 5. If x < y, which of the following must be true?

I. The units digit of x + y is greater than the units digit of either x or y.
II. The tens digit of x + y equals 2.
III. The hundreds digit of y is at least 5.

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II
D. I and III
E. II and III

I. Not true: eg. 5+6 = 11 and 1< 5 or 6
II. Not true: if units digit sum is > 10, then tens digit = 3
III Not true: x+y needs to be greater than 999 and smaller than 1999. If y hundreds unit =5, x will be <5, and only if hundreds units of x is =, then x+ will have four digits. If x=3,2 or 1, then x+y will have three digits.

If III. were "The hundreds digit of x is at least 5" or the stem said "x>y" then III would be true.

Am I getting something wrong here??
Manager
Joined: 02 Apr 2004
Posts: 222
Location: Utrecht
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 08:28
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I believe the answer is B

If the hundred is less than 5 it is not possible to get 4 digits for x + y.

example:
y = 459 (highest possible with hundred digit 4.
x = 379 (highest possible when y has hundred digit 4).

x + y = 838

Correct me if I am wrong.

Regards,

Alex
Director
Joined: 20 Jul 2004
Posts: 592
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 08:38
B. III Only.

Let Xh = hundredth digit of X. Xd = tenth digit of X. Similarly Yh and Yt for Y.

To get a sum of four digits from two three digit numbers, Xh+Yh should be >=10
You get a carry over of "1" from Xt+Yt (7+5="1"2)
S0, Xh+Yh >=9

Given that X<Y, Xhhas to be lesser than Yh, because the tenth digit of X (7) is greater than that of Y(5))
Hence, Y has to be >=5

For eg: Y=5, X=4 -- Correct
OR Y=6, X=3 -- Correct
OR Y=4, X=3 -- Wrong
Intern
Joined: 20 Jul 2004
Posts: 14
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 09:31
my guess is E

x=475 and y=550
x+y=1025 ..it satisfy 2nd and 3rd statement..

otherwise if we look into stem it says x's tens digit should be 7 and y's 5 if we add it should always be 2 (7+5=12)
Joined: 31 Dec 1969
Location: Russian Federation
GMAT 3: 740 Q40 V50
GMAT 4: 700 Q48 V38
GMAT 5: 710 Q45 V41
GMAT 6: 680 Q47 V36
GMAT 9: 740 Q49 V42
GMAT 11: 500 Q47 V33
GMAT 14: 760 Q49 V44
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2004, 12:35
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Neelam,

The tens digit of x + y doesnt have to be 2.
It can equal 2 but also it can equal 3. Therefore is not that it must be true.

Example:
x = 478, y = 559, x + y = 1037
x = 475, y = 550, x + y = 1025

Regards,

Alex
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Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 15918
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2014, 09:17
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 15:39
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 19:04
marine wrote:
The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x + y is a four-digit integer. The tens digit of x equals 7 and the tens digit of y equals 5. If x < y, which of the following must be true?

I. The units digit of x + y is greater than the units digit of either x or y.
II. The tens digit of x + y equals 2.
III. The hundreds digit of y is at least 5.

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II
D. I and III
E. II and III

we can easily arrive to the answer choices if we give values to x and y:
x=879
y=959

I we can see that units digit of x+y is less than units digit of either one. we can eliminate C and D right away.
II again, we can add 879+959 - and the tens digit is not 2. - we can eliminate A and E, and pick up E.
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Posts: 15918
Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 20:33
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The numbers x and y are three-digit positive integers, and x   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2017, 20:33
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