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# The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the

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The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the [#permalink]

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02 May 2012, 07:52
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

35% (02:13) correct 65% (01:20) wrong based on 66 sessions

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The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the odds in favour of krishna solving the same are 7 to 5. What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

A. 1/4
B. 5/21
C. 16/21
D. 23/28
E. None
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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02 May 2012, 09:09
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kotela wrote:
The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the odds in favour of krishna solving the same are 7 to 5. What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

1. 1/4
2. 5/21
3.16/21
4.23/28
5.None

Odds against Ram are 4:3 so probability that he will solve the problem is 3/7.
Odds in favor of Krishna are 7:5 so probability that he will solve it is 7/12

It will be solved means that either Ram or Krishna or both will be able to solve it.

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) = 3/7 + 7/12 - (3/7)*(7/12) = 16/21
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Director
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02 May 2012, 23:47
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
kotela wrote:
The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the odds in favour of krishna solving the same are 7 to 5. What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

1. 1/4
2. 5/21
3.16/21
4.23/28
5.None

Odds against Ram are 4:3 so probability that he will solve the problem is 3/7.
Odds in favor of Krishna are 7:5 so probability that he will solve it is 7/12

It will be solved means that either Ram or Krishna or both will be able to solve it.

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) = 3/7 + 7/12 - (3/7)*(7/12) = 16/21

Hi,

What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

I thought that the problem is solved only when they both try together as the questions says the same, but can we take even either Ram or Krishna solves the problem?

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03 May 2012, 09:07
kotela wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
kotela wrote:
The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the odds in favour of krishna solving the same are 7 to 5. What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

1. 1/4
2. 5/21
3.16/21
4.23/28
5.None

Odds against Ram are 4:3 so probability that he will solve the problem is 3/7.
Odds in favor of Krishna are 7:5 so probability that he will solve it is 7/12

It will be solved means that either Ram or Krishna or both will be able to solve it.

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) = 3/7 + 7/12 - (3/7)*(7/12) = 16/21

Hi,

What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

I thought that the problem is solved only when they both try together as the questions says the same, but can we take even either Ram or Krishna solves the problem?

'They both try' means that they both try independently. It doesn't mean that they both are working together on the problem.
The intent of the problem is quite clear: The probability of A succeeding is 'a'; the probability of B succeeding is 'b'. What is the probability that at least one of them succeeds?
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Re: The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the [#permalink]

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04 May 2012, 02:48
Thanks for making it clear
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Re: The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2017, 20:15
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Re: The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2017, 06:36
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
kotela wrote:
The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the odds in favour of krishna solving the same are 7 to 5. What is the chance that it will be solved when they both try?

1. 1/4
2. 5/21
3.16/21
4.23/28
5.None

Odds against Ram are 4:3 so probability that he will solve the problem is 3/7.
Odds in favor of Krishna are 7:5 so probability that he will solve it is 7/12

It will be solved means that either Ram or Krishna or both will be able to solve it.

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) = 3/7 + 7/12 - (3/7)*(7/12) = 16/21

Hi Karishma,

How did you assume, 3 is the failure rate of Ram and 7 is success rate of Krishna.

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Re: The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2017, 07:53
I don't think I've ever seen "odds" mentioned in a real GMAT question, so this probably isn't important to know, but odds are just a ratio of good outcomes to bad outcomes (and 'odds against' are the ratio of bad to good). So if the odds in favour of something happening are 3 to 1, then for every 3 times it happens, there is 1 time it does not happen, and the probability it happens is thus 3/4.

If the odds against Ram solving are 4 to 3, then 4/7 of the time Ram will not solve the problem. If the odds in favour of Krishna solving are 7 to 5, then 5/12 of the time Krishna will not solve the problem. If they both attempt the problem independently, they will both not solve the problem (4/7)(5/12) = 5/21 of the time. The rest of the time, or 1 - 5/21 = 16/21 of the time, at least one of them will solve it.
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Re: The odds against ram solving the problem are 4 to 3 and the   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2017, 07:53
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