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# The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious

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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2003, 22:25
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month.

(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month
(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival
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02 Oct 2010, 00:41
hirendhanak wrote:
@siyer
can you explain in detail why d is correct, why not B

In B, PROCLAIMING is modifying The Olympic Games, that is wrong. Because Games can proclaim.
so, it lead us to use a passive voice.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 22:06
B, C and E are all out, because in each case, the sentence appears to say that the Games proclaimed the truce, which is clearly an impossibility. Grammatically, A and D are both fine, and both adequately convey the intended meaning of the sentence, so it's down to style and idiom. 'For' is more economical than 'in that', and stylistically is preferable. But the clincher for me is the phrase 'festival's month' in A. It is preferable to write 'month of the festival' -- just as we wouldn't say 'during June's month'; we would say 'during the month of June'.

In this question, it's important to see why B, C and E are wrong- that's tested in many SC questions- but no concern about the distinction between A and D, which is based on points of style you may never encounter again.
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2012, 00:41
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world inthat a sacred
truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.
(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month (B) world, proclaiminga sacred truce duringthe
festival's month
(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for
the festival month (D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that
was for the month of the festival
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2012, 01:22
IMO: D

The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred
truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
.
(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
(B) world, proclaiminga sacred truce during the festival's month
(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival.

during the month of festival is the correct usage in this sentence. Only (D) looks correct with this usage.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2012, 03:49
Let me write the whole sentence

(A)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month

(B) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month

(C)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month

(D) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival

(E) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival.

This one tests how we join two clauses.

A) in that ( using pronoun that ) ( not sure why this is a problem).
B) verb+ing ( not sure either)
c) when ( used to refer time) which is not done here so this may be the problem ?
d) for " subordinate conjuction " is used.( which seems ok)
e) by ( a preposition) is used ( not sure either)

BTW as Umesh rightly pointed out that

during the festival's month Vs for the month of the festival. ( not sure about the difference either).
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2012, 07:29
pankajjindal25 wrote:
Let me write the whole sentence

(A)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month

(B) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month

(C)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month

(D) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival

(E) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival.

This one tests how we join two clauses.

A) in that ( using pronoun that ) ( not sure why this is a problem).
B) verb+ing ( not sure either)
c) when ( used to refer time) which is not done here so this may be the problem ?
d) for " subordinate conjuction " is used.( which seems ok)
e) by ( a preposition) is used ( not sure either)

BTW as Umesh rightly pointed out that

during the festival's month Vs for the month of the festival. ( not sure about the difference either).

(A)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month --use of in that doesn't match the context and possessive usage festival's month is less preferable

(B) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month--proclaiming modifies subj. of prev clause Games..games proclaim something??? nonsensical

(C)The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month--again games proclaim-doesn't make sense.

(D) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival--for is used correctly how did the games help keep peace? there was a month of truce

(E) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival.again games proclaim--nonsensical again

D it is
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2013, 10:29
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival
==============
Can someone help me in deriving the answer with process of elimination?
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14 Jan 2013, 16:17
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skamal7 wrote:
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

I'm happy to help with this.
This is GMAT SC #60 in the OG13.

(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
The OG feels that the phrase "in that" is somewhat stilted and over-formal. It does use two words where one would suffice. This one is not black & white wrong, but more a shade of gray. If all the other answers were clearly wrong, this probably could pass as a correct anwer.

(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
Misplaced modifier. The world isn't "proclaiming", so who is? The games? the states? The GMAT doesn't like ambiguity. Also, this sentence has two distinct actions, so it would be best phrased as two full [noun] + [verb] clauses, and this option casts the second half of the sentence as a participial phrase rather than as a clause. This is wrong.

(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
A pronoun with unclear antecedent --- does "they" mean the states? the games? the people of Greece (not mentioned explicitly --- another no-no for antecedents on the GMAT!). The antecedent of the pronoun "they" is ambiguity. On GMAT SC, ambiguity = death. This is wrong.

(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
Very clear. We have two full clauses, joined by the conjunction "for" (which means "because"), thus making clear the causal link between the two actions. This is sleek, efficient, and direct ---- a very strong answer.

(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival
A winner of the flabby awkward Olympics! This changes the verb "proclaimed" to a noun "proclamation", and almost invariably, this is the GMAT's strategy for changing a correct answer into a wrong answer. Whenever a verb is re-written as a noun, that almost always makes the sentence more awkward, less direct, and more wordy --- that's exactly what we have here. This version is an unholy abomination that should be taken out back and shot. This is incorrect.

Again, if everything else failed, we might go with (A) in a pinch, but here, (D) is a much stronger answer --- clearly (D) is the best possible answer here.

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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2013, 17:47
Move the topic to the right forum. Verbal Sc forum and not General Verbal Forum.

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html

regards
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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09 May 2013, 00:51
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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15 May 2013, 02:03
harshi wrote:
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month
C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival

----------------

A) 'that' can refer to 'pugnacious states' , or , 'Olympic Games'....not correct...Pronoun ambiguity
B) wrong modifier as 'Greek world' is proclaiming the sacred truce....not correct....misplaced modifier
C) 'they' can refer to Olympic Games or pugnacious states....and Olympic games need not be referred by 'they'....not correct....pronoun mismatch
E) change in meaning...as it means that...sacred truce was for the month of festival and Olympic Games helped in proclaiming it....

The only proper answer left is D which is also the official answer.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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15 May 2013, 04:16
Salfar wrote:
A) 'that' can refer to 'pugnacious states' , or , 'Olympic Games'....not correct...Pronoun ambiguity

Actually that is not referring to anything. The issue is in that which is considered out of use by GMAT.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 15:37
here, to represent time, we have to use the '-of phrase'.
For example,
a)It rains in California during the month of December. -- correct.
b)It rains in California during December month. -- incorrect.

whenever, time, measurement and quantity is mentioned, we need to use '-of phrase'.

Thus, it leaves option D and E in answer choices.
D correctly highlights the cause and effect relationship. A happened because(for) B happened.
E is stated weirdly.

Thus, D is the correct choice.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2014, 07:59
dj wrote:
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month.

(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month
(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival

Between A and D, the festival is not in posession of a month ("festival's month"), that's why we go with the more formal D.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 02:44
(1).Usage of 'in that':

'in that' is EXPLANATORY and LIMITING. in other words, it explains the sense in which the immediately preceding description is used (explanatory), and it specifically implies no more than that sense (limiting).

example:
my approach differs from yours in that i am more aggressive.
--> explanatory: the difference in aggressiveness is the way in which our approaches differ
--> limiting: there are no other significant differences between our approaches
{Taken from manhattan forums)

(2). Collapse of Prepositional phrases:

We do collapse 'OF' phrases when the phrase doesn't signify 'time/quantity/measurement'.

So,what is wrong with (A) ?

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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 09:39
This sentence depends on using the correct conjunction to join two independent clauses. In that is a conjunction that means in as much as;because in that has largely gone out of use, it is considered stilted and overly formal. It also uses two words when one would do. In this sentence,the second clause explains the first one, so the conjunction for, meaning because, is the most appropriate choice for joining the two independent clauses of the compound sentence. Festival's month is an awkward and imprecise use of the possessive;during the month of the festival is clearer.

A. In that is stilted and overly formal.
B. It is not clear who would be doing the proclaiming; a clause is preferable to a phrase here.
C. They is ambiguous, possibly referring to either the states or the Games. The phrase truce for the festival month loses the
sense that it's to take place for the duration of the month.
D. Correct.In this sentence, the conjunction for joins the two clauses correctly and economically.
E. Wordy and awkward construction.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2014, 09:45
@e-gmat, can you guys help with this question solving it with e-gmat 3 step process.
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2014, 17:26
D

D versus A (Picked D because "for" means "because" in this case, and it expressed better in D)

BE: Wrong; because Olympic Games are not "proclaiming" anything and it is illogical for them to do so
C: Wrong; because of "when" used for "world"
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 02:26
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farhanc85 wrote:
@e-gmat, can you guys help with this question solving it with e-gmat 3 step process.

Hi farhan,
Thank you for the query.

Let's apply e-GMAT 3 step process to solve this question:

The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

A. world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
B. world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month
C. world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
D. world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
E. world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world
o in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

• This sentence tells us that the Olympic Games helped to keep peace among otherwise fighting states of the Greek World.
o This became possible because a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival. Note that, the sentence does not tell us who proclaimed this truce.

ERROR ANALYSIS

1. The phrase “festival’s month” is not idiomatic. It gives the meaning that the festival possesses the month. When referring to an inanimate object, we must avoid possessive. This expression should be “the month of the festival”.
2. Here, the expression “in that” means “because”. In this case, ‘because’ is preferred since it is more concise and gives the meaning directly. Note that ‘for’, which is used in the correct option, also means because.
Also as the OG says, this two-word expression can be replaced with a word for conciseness.

PoE

A. Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. Incorrect.
1. The phrase “festival’s month” is incorrect as explained in the error analysis.
2. The verb-ing modifier “proclaiming” seems to modify the preceding clause. Now, when a verb-ing modifier modifies the preceding clause, it should make sense with the subject of the preceding clause. So, this option indicates that the Olympic Games did the action of “proclaiming a sacred truce”.
However, if we refer back to the meaning analysis it was not clear from the original sentence who proclaimed the sacred truce. The Games themselves could not have proclaimed anything. So, this option does not indicate a logically correct meaning.

C. Incorrect
1. The reference of the pronoun ‘they’ is ambiguous. It can refer to “the pugnacious states” or “the Olympic Games”.
2. The original sentence indicates that the truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival. This meaning is not conveyed by this option.

D. Correct.
This option corrects the idiom error from the original sentence and replaces the phrase “in that” with “for”, making the sentence concise.

E. Incorrect.
This option is very wordy as compared to option A and D. Also, it suggests that the proclamation of the sacred truce was done by the Olympic Games. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps!

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Last edited by egmat on 21 Jul 2014, 23:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 00:18
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I think the OG's explanation is quite clear.

"This sentence depends on using the correct
conjunction to join two independent clauses. In
that is a conjunction that means inasmuch as;
because in that has largely gone out of use, it is
considered stilted and overly formal. It also uses
two words when one would do. In this sentence,
the second clause explains the fi rst one, so the
conjunction for, meaning because, is the most
appropriate choice for joining the two independent
clauses of the compound sentence. Festival’s month
is an awkward and imprecise use of the possessive;
during the month of the festival is clearer.
A In that is stilted and overly formal.
B It is not clear who would be doing the
proclaiming; a clause is preferable to a
phrase here.
C Th ey is ambiguous, possibly referring to
either the states or the Games. Th e phrase
truce for the festival month loses the sense that
it’s to take place for the duration of the
month.
D Correct. In this sentence, the conjunction
for joins the two clauses correctly and
economically.
E Wordy and awkward construction.
Th e correct answer is D."
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2014, 00:18

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