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# The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them

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The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Apr 2019, 00:58
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The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 4
Page: 653

Originally posted by tejal777 on 31 Oct 2009, 15:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Apr 2019, 00:58, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2009, 20:08
6
1
4
tejal777 wrote:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

Keep getting this one wrong:( Need detailed explanations..

only E makes sense here.

A,B,C,D -> have Pronoun reference issues. Frozen Citrus is singluar, so you can't use "They, them when refering to Citrus)
C -> fruit rots wrong here. weather rots the fruit
##### General Discussion
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2009, 20:13
2
tejal777 wrote:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns
(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them
(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns
(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns
(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

Keep getting this one wrong:( Need detailed explanations..

Agree with E. The use of "them/they", which refer to "the growers", is wrong.
"It" is required to refer "frozen citrus".
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2010, 22:51
2
1
Construction is : X is to Y
A> "them" - pronoun agreement error.Citrus = singular
B> "they" and them - pronoun agreement error
C> "them" - pronoun agreement error
D> "they" and them - pronoun agreement error
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2011, 00:51
1
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This question took me 5 sec to find the answer. The structure is : the only way TO ... is TO ....
So E is obviously the only one.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 07:57
1
1
this question calls for parallelism and pronouns.
here, is acts as a linking verb. in that, it does not describe what the subject does but what the subject is. in other words it does not describe the action of the subject but state of the subject.

Eg. She is a student. is - linking verb.

Linking verbs demand that subject and object be parallel. hence, way to do X is to Y is the parallel structure here.
Remember, parallelism does not always need parallel markers. Parallelism is called for wherever ideas are logically parallel.
So, A and E are parallel.
Lets see more.
A - process them! oh! cirtus btw is a collective noun and hence, singular. them disagrees!
B - same error! they? no.
C - them again! no
D - they? same error
E - it, correct. fruit, correct.
The tie between A and E that both support parallelism can be solved by pronoun issue.
Note that, without knowing that citrus is singular, there was no way to solve this.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 13:36
Although I understood the reasoning behind POE of this answer choice, can anyone enlighten me by justifying the below explanation from OG12.

Parallelism requires that the same word forms
perform the same functions in the sentence. Here,
the linking verb is requires two infinitives: to
salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

Rgds,
TGC!
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 13:48
2
2
TGC wrote:
Although I understood the reasoning behind POE of this answer choice, can anyone enlighten me by justifying the below explanation from OG12.

Parallelism requires that the same word forms
perform the same functions in the sentence. Here,
the linking verb is requires two infinitives: to
salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

Rgds,
TGC!

LINKING VERBS acts as a parallelism marker.
LINKING VERBS: IS / AM / ARE / WAS /WERE...So structure before and after should be parallel.
there are few exception to this...refer parallelism chapter from MANHATTAN SC for exception.
OTHER LINKING VERBS: APPEAR / BECOME/FEEL /GROW/LOOK/REMAIN/REPRESENT /RESEMBLE/SEEM /SMELL/SOUND/STAY/TASTE /TURN.

If you find adverbs modifying LINKING VERBS then that sentence is WRONG.

example:
AMY IS FEELING WELL ==>WELL : ADJECTIVE MODIFYING NOUN AMY
AMY WRITES WELL ==> WELL: ADVERB THAT MODIFIES THE VERB WRITES.

in this case IS ==> THIS IS ACTING AS PARALLELISM MARKER...so we need parallel structure before and after IS....HERE WE NEED INFINITIVES..

hope it helps.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 13:54
blueseas wrote:
TGC wrote:
Although I understood the reasoning behind POE of this answer choice, can anyone enlighten me by justifying the below explanation from OG12.

Parallelism requires that the same word forms
perform the same functions in the sentence. Here,
the linking verb is requires two infinitives: to
salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

Rgds,
TGC!

LINKING VERBS acts as a parallelism marker.
LINKING VERBS: IS / AM / ARE / WAS /WERE...So structure before and after should be parallel.
there are few exception to this...refer parallelism chapter from MANHATTAN SC for exception.
OTHER LINKING VERBS: APPEAR / BECOME/FEEL /GROW/LOOK/REMAIN/REPRESENT /RESEMBLE/SEEM /SMELL/SOUND/STAY/TASTE /TURN.

If you find adverbs modifying LINKING VERBS then that sentence is WRONG.

example:
AMY IS FEELING WELL ==>WELL : ADJECTIVE MODIFYING NOUN AMY
AMY WRITES WELL ==> WELL: ADVERB THAT MODIFIES THE VERB WRITES.

in this case IS ==> THIS IS ACTING AS PARALLELISM MARKER...so we need parallel structure before and after IS....HERE WE NEED INFINITIVES..

hope it helps.

I presume you gave me theory when I asked a doubt pertaining to a specific question.

Again from MGMAT SC guide only , it states that SUBJECT and OBJECT must be || when linking verb is involved.

Here SUBJECT is : WAY
Object is :to process them quickly into juice concentrate

Rgds,
TGC !
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 14:09
1
TGC wrote:

I presume you gave me theory when I asked a doubt pertaining to a specific question.

Again from MGMAT SC guide only , it states that SUBJECT and OBJECT must be || when linking verb is involved.

Here SUBJECT is : WAY
Object is :to process them quickly into juice concentrate

Rgds,
TGC !

NO THAT IS NOT TRUE.

it is not necessary that you need to make parallel subject and object ONLY.
But rather you just need to make both sides of linking verb parallel.
the particular example you are pointing.
The bouquet of flowers WAS a gift of love.==>here there is nothing else to make parallel...so you are making subject and object parallel.

so just keep in mind that you need to make parallel whatever is before and after...
if there is only subject and object==>make them parallel.
if we have infinitive then make infinitives parallel.
if we have -ing form parallel..make them parallel.

take this example:
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter
(B) to attain nirvana is entering
(C) to attain nirvana is
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering

according-to-the-teachings-of-the-buddhist-and-hindu-81335.html#p610395
here we are checking either both -ing form or both infinitive form....but we dont have -ing form ...so thats why option D is CORRECT.

hope it helps
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24 Oct 2013, 04:43
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh
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25 Oct 2013, 05:32
2
dipeshsalvi wrote:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh

Hi Dipesh,

Let us solve this question using the 3 step process.

Meaning: The sentence says that there is only one way for growers to salvage frozen citrus fruits and that way is to process the citrus fruits quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

Sentence Structure Analysis:

• The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate
o before they rot
 when warmer weather returns.

As you can see, the error in this sentence is the usage of plural pronouns “them” and “they”.

“citrus” is used generically here and is in singular form.

It is similar to the following sentence,

a. The only way to catch a lion is to lay a trap.

Even though the sentence talks about every lion, it still uses the singular noun “lion”.

Same is the case with the above official sentence. “Citrus” is used in singular form. Therefore the plural pronouns “them” and “they” are incorrect.

Option Choice Analysis:

Option A: Incorrect for the reasons we already discussed.

Option B: if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them.

Same pronoun errors as in Option A. Moreover, the usage of “if” is incorrect. If is used to introduce a condition which is not the case here.

Option C: for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns.

Same pronoun error. Plural pronoun “them” is used to refer to the singular noun “Citrus”.

Option D: if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

Again, plural pronoun “they” is used to refer to the singular noun “citrus”. Also the usage of conditional “if” is incorrect.

Option E: to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit.

This is the correct option. Observe how this option corrects the errors in the previous options without introducing any new errors.

Regarding your doubt on parallelism, please note that the entities in Option E are of the form “X is Y”.

In such a structure, X and Y need to be parallel.

Examples:

He is a soldier. (“He” – Singular Noun; “a soldier” – Singular Noun)
Murder is a Crime. (“Murder” – Singular Noun; “a Crime” – Singular Noun)

Similarly in Option E,

to salvage – to+Verb
to have – to+Verb

This maintains the parallelism.

Hope this helps!

Regards,
Krishna
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 08:36
tejal777 wrote:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

Keep getting this one wrong:( Need detailed explanations..

Hi,I understand that pronoun it refers to the noun in the infinitive to frozen citrus,but what is the main subject & its object here.
Can sentence have it main subject in infinitive construction?
or is it the phrase "The only way....citrus" the subject of the sentence?
and if the phrase is the subject of the sentence ,then pronoun antecedent can exist in subject phrase?
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 13:47
abid1986 wrote:

Hi,I understand that pronoun it refers to the noun in the infinitive to frozen citrus,but what is the main subject & its object here.
Can sentence have it main subject in infinitive construction?
or is it the phrase "The only way....citrus" the subject of the sentence?
and if the phrase is the subject of the sentence ,then pronoun antecedent can exist in subject phrase?

Hi Abid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

In this official sentence, The Subject of the main clause is "The only way" and the Verb is "is".

Now the antecedent of a pronoun can be in any part of the sentence. There is no rule for the placement of a the antecedent of a pronoun. The most important thing to keep in mind about pronouns is that they must refer to a logical antecedent. Now this antecedent can be placed anywhere in the sentence. Please go through the following article for more details on the usage of pronouns:

pronouns-debunking-popular-myths-intro-160811.html

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2015, 02:56
1
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns
Subject -verb disagreement -- fruit/them+usage of "they" is wrong

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them
Same as + before warmer weather returns to rot them shows the intent of the weather which is awkward

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns
Same as A + before fruit rots when weather returns awkward

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns
same as C

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit
Correct

Hence E
Ans

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30 Dec 2016, 05:07
dipeshsalvi wrote:
The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh

Notice that the truth is that all of the answer choices other than E contain clear errors that involve well known, basic concepts and meaning issues, and so actually you don't have to know how to identify the type of parallelism that appears in E.

In A, B, and C, the plural pronoun "they" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "citrus". D pairs "a way" with "if" to create "The only way is if ...", which conveys a nonsensical meaning, and D also has plural pronoun "they" referring to "fruit", which is apparently singular, as "fruit" uses singular verb "is".

That you don't have to identify the parallelism in order to find the correct answer is likely no accident, and the need for that type parallelism is not the point of the question.

GMAT Sentence Correction is not meant to be a test of knowledge of grammar rules. So, in most cases, getting the right answers to GMAT SC questions does not require knowledge of little known concepts. As is the case in this situation, using basic rules and concepts and seeing what makes sense and what does not make sense are much more important.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 16:50
tejal777 wrote:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit

Keep getting this one wrong:( Need detailed explanations..

All four options A, B, C, and D have pronoun ambiguity. they or them cannot refer to citrus as citrus is singular.
Hence we are left with only one option E. and E is indeed our answer.
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2017, 21:23
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2019, 02:13
andysimple wrote:
This question took me 5 sec to find the answer. The structure is : the only way TO ... is TO ....
So E is obviously the only one.

How is the structure 'the only way to'? Isn't it 'the only way FOR' and if that is the case it would make us choose the wrong option i.e. C as in C, We can clearly see, it is 'the only way FOR................is FOR'
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2019, 05:55
eka9045 wrote:
How is the structure 'the only way to'? Isn't it 'the only way FOR' and if that is the case it would make us choose the wrong option i.e. C as in C, We can clearly see, it is 'the only way FOR................is FOR'

Hi eka9045, the big issue with C is the usage of them. them can only refer to growers, but then, the sentence would be non-sensical (growers cannot be processed).
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Re: The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2019, 05:55

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