It is currently 20 Sep 2017, 16:58

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 235

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 20

Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2017, 08:27
duttsit wrote:
26. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

A.year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B.year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C.year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D.year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E.year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output


A A sentence should not have two logical reversals ("but... but...").
B A sentence should not have two logical reversals ("but... but...").
C "Would" is in the subjunctive, but the actions here are not hypothetical.
D The past progressive emphasizes the continuous nature of a past action, but in this case the if clause demands a simple present verb ("If [present], then [future]").
E Correct.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 20

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Mar 2017
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 110

Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2017, 08:22
mikemcgarry wrote:
Jp27 wrote:
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

(A) year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
(B) year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
(C) year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
(D) year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
(E) year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, Jp27, I appreciate that you want to post the OA after some discussion, but when you post a question, please specify a source. There are many many sources of GMAT SC questions --- some of them (e.g. MGMAT) are exemplary, and some of them are pure trash.

In this question, I would beginning by simplifying just to get a sense of the layout ......
OPEC has been expected to cut output, BUT they said they would cut output ....
That first "but" (in the phrase "but officials of the organization ...") is a strong contrast, and without the end of the sentence, it doesn't make sense --- they were expected to cut output, and they announce they were cutting output --- what's the contrast? The contrast only makes sense if we place a condition in the next part of the sentence "only if"
They were expected to do X, BUT they announce they were going to do X only if blah blah.
The second "but" is awkward and logically incorrect --- both (A) & (B) begin that second phrase with an additional "but" ----
They were expected to do X, BUT they announce they were going to do X but only if blah blah.
That's just plain wrong. (A) and (B) are both out right away.

That leaves us with (C) & (D) & (E). Choice (C) has an awkward and questionably correct construction
"...only if the output .... would be trimmed ..."
First of all, this is passive --- never a boon on GMAT SC. Furthermore, it's in the subjunctive, suggesting a hypothetical situation. See this post for more on the subjunctive mood.
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... ive-tense/
In this particular sentence, there is nothing hypothetical or theoretical! OPEC is playing hardball --- we'll cut output only if you guys cut output. Imagine two people facing some kind of challenge --- eating a jalapeno pepper, jumping a motorcycle over a gulley, etc. ---- person A might say, "I'm going to do it only if you do it." In other words, that language would be very practical and direct. Person A would never say "I am going to do it only if this would be done by you." This latter form is exactly what we have in (C). Choice (C) is an unmitigated disaster that should be taken out back and shot. It is completely wrong.

(D) is active, but it's still in the subjunctive, which suggests contrary-to-fact or hypothetical situation. This is not at all appropriate for the nature of his situation, which involves a challenge --- yeah, we'll cut output, but only if you do also. OPEC is implicitly issuing a challenge to non-OPEC oil producers. A challenge always involves direct simple clear language. We need the simple present test.

(E) is the only one that phrases things in the simple present tense ....
"... only if non-OPEC nations ... trim output..."
It's clear and direct, grammatically correct, and appropriate to the emotional tone of the situation. This is by far the best answer.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)



Hi,

1. Is the usage of 'which' in option B and D correct?
2. In option E, doesn't 'including Norway, Mexico, and Russia' modify 'non-OPEC nations' to suggest
that Norway, Mexico and Russia are part of non-OPEC nations.

Thanks for your time!!!
_________________

"You can help me achieve my goal by sharing your knowledge"

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 110

Top Contributor
2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4272

Kudos [?]: 7587 [2], given: 360

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2017, 10:45
2
This post received
KUDOS
Top Contributor
Let me not go too deep into the topic trying to understand subjunctive possible hypotheticals etc.
Choices B and D are out because they both denote the plural 'nations' with a singular verb 'includes'. C is also out because we never use the verb "would be trimmed" in the 'if clause'. A is also out because the future tense 'will pare' in the main clause will not gel with the past conditional 'were' in the 'if clause'. This leaves us barely with E.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Kudos [?]: 7587 [2], given: 360

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2231

Kudos [?]: 8785 [1], given: 328

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2017, 11:35
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
VishalOne wrote:
Hi,

1. Is the usage of 'which' in option B and D correct?
2. In option E, doesn't 'including Norway, Mexico, and Russia' modify 'non-OPEC nations' to suggest
that Norway, Mexico and Russia are part of non-OPEC nations.

Thanks for your time!!!



Hello VishalOne,


I would be glad to help you out with this query. :)

1. In Choices B and D, the noun modifier which modifies the preceding noun entity non-OPEC nations. The modification is correct because per the context of the sentence Norway, Mexico, and Russia are non-OPEC nations. But because which stands for plural non-OPEC nations, use of singular verb includes for the subject which is incorrect.

2. Yes, your analysis about the role of including Norway, Mexico, and Russia is correct.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 8785 [1], given: 328

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Oct 2015
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 8

Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2017, 03:37
Here the argument involves, subjective verb form as well as If..Then ..Else
If (condition)..Then (Outcome) , If (condition),(Outcome) and (Outcome),If (condition)

If (Simple Present)
- Then (Simple Present)
- Then (Simple Future)

If (Simple Past)
- Then (Simple Past)
- Would Verb

If (Simple Future)
- Then Would have verb


--but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output--

If Then Else Form - "Y ,If X"
the underline part is in Simple Future(y), so If clause should be in Simple Tense.

Hence E.

Kudos if you like my explanation.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 8

Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2017, 03:37

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 25 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
48 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i AbdurRakib 15 29 Aug 2017, 05:15
28 After the contractual dispute between the organizations had shashankkela 10 08 Sep 2017, 04:02
3 Many beef-exporting countries found themselves fmik7894 4 19 Sep 2017, 04:51
1 A weak currency prompts companies that export to country X gmatbull 7 12 Jan 2014, 07:51
4 The members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Hunt 20 01 Sep 2015, 03:17
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.