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# The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold

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The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2019, 02:43
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 180, Date : 02-Jul-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details

The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own golden dream—a community never achieved but only imagined by the Macedonian Alexander, who was possessed of the true faith of all converts to a larger vision. The evolving system of city-states had produced not only unity with a healthy diversity but also narrow rivalries. No Hellenic empire arose, only scores of squabbling cities pursuing bitter feuds born of ancient wrongs and existing ambitions. It was civil strife made possible by isolation from the great armies and ambitions of Asia. Greek history could arguably begin in July of 776 B.C., the First Olympiad, and end with Theodosus‘s ban on the games in 393 A.D. Before this there had been a long era of two tribes, the Dorians and Ionians, scarcely distinguishable to the alien eye, but distinctly separate in their own eyes until 776. After Theodosus' ban most of the Mediterranean world was Greek-like, in fact, but the central core had been rendered impotent by diffusion.

During the eventful Greek millennium, the Olympics reflected not the high ideals of Hellenes but rather the mean reality of the times. Its founders had created a monster, games that twisted the strategists‘ aspirations to unity to fit the unpleasant reality of the Hellenistic world. The games not only mirrored the central practices of the Greek world that reformers would deny but also imposed the flaws of that world. Like the atomic theory of the Greek philosophers, the Greek gamers‘ theories were far removed from reality; they were elegant, consistent, logical, and irrelevant.

Part religious ritual, part game rite, in the five-day Olympic Games, various athletes coming together under the banner of their cities; winning became paramount, imposing defeat a delight. As Greek society evolved, so, too, did the games, but rarely as a unifying force. Athletes supposedly competing for the laurel of accomplishment in the name of idealism found that dried olive leaves changed to gold. Each local polis (city-state) sought not to contribute to the grandeur of Greece, but to achieve its own glory. As in the real world, in the games no Greek could trust another, and each envied rivals' victories. The Olympic spirit was not one of communal bliss but bitter lasting competition institutionalized in games.

1. Considering the arguments made in the passage, with which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?

A. The Olympics is the oldest organized sporting event in history.
B. Greece had more internal divisions than other ancient civilizations.
C. Sporting events sometimes create more problems than they solve.
D. Alexander was the most successful military leader of ancient Greece.
E. Sporting events are the best way to solve political problems

2. For which of the following statements does the passage provide some evidence or explanation?

I. Alexander united ancient Greece through a series of military conquests.
II. The divisions among Greek city-states were reflected in the Olympics.
III. The Olympic Games could not have occurred without a city-state system.

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II
D. II and III
E. I, II and III

3. The statement: ―The Olympic spirit was not one of communal bliss but bitter lasting competition institutionalized in games (Highlighted) indicates that the author believes that:

A. the Greeks were more internally divided than other Mediterranean civilizations.
B. the Greek millennium was a period of constant warfare.
C. the Olympic Games did not serve a beneficial national purpose.
D. the First Olympiad in 776 B.C. began the decline of Greek civilization.
E. the Olympic games fostered a feeling of hatred amongst the member nations

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Re: The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2019, 13:50
Slipped on the first question. I think the best approach to this question is just simple elimination - none of the features are talked about at all, and C is a possible inference.

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The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2019, 20:46
1
]1. Considering the arguments made in the passage, with which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?[/b]

A. The Olympics is the oldest organized sporting event in history.
--> COuld be.. butauthor has nto discussed the 'Oldest' part in the passage
B. Greece had more internal divisions than other ancient civilizations.
No comparisons are made in the para
C. Sporting events sometimes create more problems than they solve.
Actually that is the main theme it appears, contender
D. Alexander was the most successful military leader of ancient Greece.
Not mentioned
E. Sporting events are the best way to solve political problems

2. For which of the following statements does the passage provide some evidence or explanation?

I. Alexander united ancient Greece through a series of military conquests.
Not discussed in Para
II. The divisions among Greek city-states were reflected in the Olympics.
True.. in line with main theme
III. The Olympic Games could not have occurred without a city-state system.
Blanket statement..,

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II
D. II and III
E. I, II and III

3. The statement: ―The Olympic spirit was not one of communal bliss but bitter lasting competition institutionalized in games (Highlighted) indicates that the author believes that:

A. the Greeks were more internally divided than other Mediterranean civilizations.
Possible but again comparision was not discussed
B. the Greek millennium was a period of constant warfare.
not discussed
C. the Olympic Games did not serve a beneficial national purpose.
yea.. the reason they were created for the purpose of instilling Nationalism instead people became more city oriented and it instilled hatred among member cities
D. the First Olympiad in 776 B.C. began the decline of Greek civilization.
Opposite answer.. after 776 is the true begining of greek civiilization as per author
E. the Olympic games fostered a feeling of hatred amongst the member nations[/box_in][/box_out][/align][/quote]
One word off- Nations
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Re: The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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21 May 2020, 10:00
SajjadAhmad, Can you please post summary/brief of the paragraph. While reading I got lost multiple times in 1st paragraph and I am still unable to understand why the author mentioned so many details which have no relevance to an overall passage like - Alexander, Theodosius's ban, the Dorians and Ionians.
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The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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21 May 2020, 23:54
KumarMohan wrote:
SajjadAhmad, Can you please post summary/brief of the paragraph. While reading I got lost multiple times in 1st paragraph and I am still unable to understand why the author mentioned so many details which have no relevance to an overall passage like - Alexander, Theodosius's ban, the Dorians and Ionians.

From the OE

Topic and Scope -

The author discusses the disunity and turmoil of the Greek Hellenic period, using the Olympics as an example and metaphor.

Mapping the Passage

Para 1 argues that in reality the Hellenic period was tumultuous, not the idealized community that Alexander desired.

Para 2 gives a time frame for Greek civilization and the Olympic games.

Para 3 argues that the games reflected Greek culture, but not positively as the founders intended.

Para 4 argues that the games reinforced disunity instead of promoting the unity originally intended.

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Re: The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold  [#permalink]

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24 May 2020, 09:53
Thanks for the summary. Now I can relate all that is mentioned in the passage.
Re: The original Hellenistic community was idealized, the Greeks‘ own gold   [#permalink] 24 May 2020, 09:53