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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism

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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 14:48
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A
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (04:07) correct 32% (01:37) wrong based on 330 sessions

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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, unlike the three great Western Religions, which each have a single book scripture, and it is ironical because Buddhism is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts.

A) The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, unlike the three great Western Religions, which have single book scriptures, and it is ironical because Buddhism is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts.

B) In contrast to the single-book scriptures of each of the three great Western Religions, the Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, although ironically, Buddhism is much less text-based than are its Western counterparts.

C) Unlike the single-book scriptures of each of the three great Western Religions, Theravada Buddhism has a scripture collection, the Pali Canon, that easily fills a large bookcase, although Buddhism with irony is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts.

D) Buddhism is much less text-based than the three great Western Religions, having a single book scripture each, but the Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, would fill a large bookcase ironically.

E) The three great Western Religions each have a single book scripture, but ironically, Theravada Buddhism, having a scripture collection, the Pali Canon, that would fill a large bookcase, despite the fact that Buddhism is ironically less text-based than are their Western counterparts.

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Re: The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 15:34
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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, unlike the three great Western Religions, which each have a single book scripture, and it is ironical because Buddhism is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts.

A) The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, unlike the three great Western Religions, which have single book scriptures, and it is ironical because Buddhism is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts.
-> awkward placing of "unlike" beside another noun "bookcase"
-> "it" in "it is" doesn't refer to anything
-> SV disagreement: "their" in "than are their" should be "its" because it refers back to a singular "Buddhism"


B) In contrast to the single-book scriptures of each of the three great Western Religions, the Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, easily would fill a large bookcase, although ironically, Buddhism is much less text-based than are its Western counterparts. Correct. Modifier is placed correctly. The comparison is between "single book scriptures of the 3 western religions and "pali cannon". "its" in "than are its" is correct. The contrast "although" is used correctly.

C) Unlike the single-book scriptures of each of the three great Western Religions, Theravada Buddhism has a scripture collection, the Pali Canon, that easily fills a large bookcase, although Buddhism with irony is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts. "single book scripture" is compared with "Theravada Buddhism". The entire construction is wordy and awkward. The SV agreement issue of A is repeated here with "their"

D) Buddhism is much less text-based than the three great Western Religions, having a single book scripture each, but the Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, would fill a large bookcase ironically. "having" will technically refer back to the subject of the previous clause i.e. "Buddhism", which is not the intended meaning. "ironically" is too far placed. The entire construction is too awkward and hampers comprehension

E) The three great Western Religions each have a single book scripture, but ironically, Theravada Buddhism, having a scripture collection, the Pali Canon, that would fill a large bookcase, despite the fact that Buddhism is ironically less text-based than are their Western counterparts. "have" in "each have" in the modifier is correct. SV agreement issue of A is repeated - "their" is incorrect. The entire construction is too wordy and hampers comprehension of the main idea
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Re: The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 04:54
POE

Buddhism is much less text-based than are their Western counterparts - SV agreement

We can directly eliminate the original sentence as well as options C and E.

Buddhism is much less text-based than the three great Western Religions, having a single book scripture each

having modifies Buddhism. According to the intended meaning having should modify Western Religions

Answer: B
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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 06:33
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Great explanation from AmoyV,kudos to u..cheers :-D :-D

For those who may find "Western Religions each have" interesting just like me,the following excerpt might help :wink: :wink:

When each is used as a pronoun, it is always singular:
Each of my children tells a story.

However, here, it looks like each is an adverb that modifies tell:
They each tell a story.
They tell one story each.
This makes it clear that each person tells a story. Without each, maybe they are telling one story as a group.

Consider the difference between the two sentences:
1)The students line up on the stage, and they sing a song.
2)The students line up on the stage, and they each sing a song.
In the first case, we get one song. In the second case, we get many songs (one song per student).

Credit to http://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/ ... ls-a-story
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Re: The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2018, 12:38
I really feel mad after I read the original question. I do not know why but this question pissed me off.
Back to the explanation, A,C, and E are out for sure.
E lacks verb while C uses has grammar issue with "unlike..."
A cannot be understood.

B is better than D b/c ironically is misplaced in D, and the adverb wrongly modifies the verb "fill"
Also, "are" is required in the comparison.
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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2018, 07:29

MAGOOSH Official Explanation:



Choice (A) has a few problems. The phrase "three great Western Religions" with the word "the" implies that there are several great Western Religions, and we are only talking about three of them. The phrase "unlike three great Western Religions" — grammatically, it looks as if it is intended to modify either "a large bookcase", which it touches, or possibly the subject "the Pali Canon", but neither of these are correct — the modifier is meant apply to "Theravada Buddhism": it is not set up grammatically to modify this. Furthermore, in the awkward phrase "it is ironical", the antecedent of "it" is not a noun but an entire clause. Pronouns can't do that: they can't refer to a whole clause. For all these reasons, (A) is incorrect.

Choice (B) has the correct comparison, scripture to scripture, and the word "ironically" correctly refers to the overall juxtaposition. This choice is promising.

Choice (C) incorrectly compares scriptures to a religion. The phrase "Buddhism with irony" implies that there are two kinds of Buddhism — one with irony and one without irony! That's not the intended meaning. Finally, the pronoun "their" is meant to refer to "Theravada Buddhism" — this is a classic GMAT pronoun trap: using a plural pronoun to refer to a singular collective noun. For all these reasons, (C) is incorrect.

Choice (D) is grammatically correct, but uses the word "ironically" incorrectly. The word "ironically" is not meant to describe the method by which the bookcase is filled. Because of this, (D) is incorrect.

Choice (E) has the word "ironically" twice, which is a little awkward. Furthermore, the conjunction "but" should connect two independent clause. The first half of the sentence is a bonafide independent clause, but after the half of the sentence after the word "but" has subject, "Theravada Buddhism" and no verb. That second half commits the missing verb mistake. Because of this, (E) is incorrect.

The only possible answer is (B).
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The Pali Canon, the collection of the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism &nbs [#permalink] 23 May 2018, 07:29
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