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The paradox of the Roman empires history is marked by the

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New post 24 Nov 2017, 21:41
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Look at choice B, the OA in this official question, approving " of experiments investigating".
Does GMAT consider this 'prepostion+noun+verbing" as such a generally incorrect structure as you have indicated? Or is it more contextual or meaning based? For example, one might argue as to how experiments can investigate as only interpreters or analysts can do that. However, if GMAT could accept it, why shouldn't we?
Incidentally, is there any specific reason for calling the said structure as incorrect?
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New post 26 Nov 2017, 06:03
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With specific reference to the structure ' preposition +noun+ verbing' --Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect

(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect

(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting

(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B

Here is yet another official question that deviates from the perception, probably as an exception.

<https://gmatclub.com/forum/last-week-local-shrimpers-held-a-news-conference-to-take-some-credit-f-76039.html>
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New post 13 Mar 2018, 13:33
Can someone please explain when is it appropriate to use 'with'? Some examples will help. Thanks.
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New post 13 Mar 2018, 18:24
carrillo1228 wrote:
Added an image of how I'm studying the structure in a word document. Figured it may help some.





Thanks even I read it exactly the way you have also mentioned here.....I initially marked it wrongly, after re-looking at the sentence I realized that it was an easy one.....

By parallel to By
With parallel to With
-ing parallel to -ing......

Good question.....
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New post 16 Mar 2018, 05:13
DanishHasan wrote:
Can someone please explain when is it appropriate to use 'with'? Some examples will help. Thanks.


The paradox of the Roman empire’s history is marked by the fall of the western part around the 5th century A.D, with several regions succumbing to cross border terrorism and internal insurgency and breaking into independent kingdoms, and by [...] .

"with several regions succumbing to cross border terrorism and internal insurgency and breaking into independent kingdoms" -- absolute participle clause (APC) which play an adverbial role from grammatical point of view. You may replace this adverbial clause with another one as I did below.

The paradox of the Roman empire’s history is marked by the fall of the western part around the 5th century A.D because several regions were succumbing to cross border terrorism and internal insurgency and breaking into independent kingdoms and by [...] .

APC is basically used in literature/officials, not in spoken language.
Re: The paradox of the Roman empires history is marked by the &nbs [#permalink] 16 Mar 2018, 05:13

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