GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 11 Nov 2019, 14:57

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jul 2009
Posts: 131
Location: India
Schools: South Asian B-schools
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Jan 2018, 22:42
3
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (01:11) correct 13% (01:20) wrong based on 501 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 79
Page: 650

The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as


_________________
Bhushan S.
If you like my post....Consider it for Kudos :-D

Originally posted by bhushan252 on 16 Sep 2009, 21:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Jan 2018, 22:42, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 14:15
2
saurabh9gupta wrote:
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong



Hello saurabh9gupta,


Although your question is not for me, I would like to help you with this one. :-)


The structure as + clause is used when the sentence intends to present comparison.

But this official sentence does not intend to present any comparison. It intends to say that the Turkish Sultan used the Acropolis itself as a fortress. The Acropolis has not been compared with a fortress.

Since the sentence intends to present the role of Acropolis as a fortress, use of as + a fortress (a noun entity) is absolutely correct.

It is very important that you understand the intended meaning of the sentence to be able to decide whether the sentence intends to present comparison or function and hence, use the correct structure accordingly.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 37
Schools: London Business School
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2009, 08:12
1
Answer A

"as" is correct in comparison to "like" and "to be". So, B, C and D are out.

Out of A and E, A seems to be logical and correct.
_________________
:good Salaries are low in recession. So, working for kudos now. :good
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2014, 14:47
1
1
abid1986 wrote:
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be
(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as

Hi,
Comma + verbing modifies preceding independent clause,then how establishing and using is modifying athens,which is actually a dependent clause.

Thanks
Abid


Hi Abid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

The Comma + Verb-ing modifier modifies the action in the preceding clause. This preceding clause can be an Independent or a Dependent Clause. Ans also, action denoted by the Comma + Verb-ing modifier must make sense with the Subject of the action modified by this modifier.

In this sentence, the cause preceding the Comma + Verb-ing Modifiers "establishing..." and "using..." is "when Athens was taken by General...
So, here the action these modifiers modify is "was taken". The Subject of this modified action is "Athens". Hence, this modification is illogical because Athens did not do any of the two actions denoted by the Comma + Verb-ing Modifiers here.

These actions were actually performed by the General. Choice A is the clear winner here that conveys that meaning perfectly.

For more details on the correct use Comma + Verb-ing modifiers, please read the following article:
usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks
Shraddha
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2910
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 14:14
1
saurabh9gupta wrote:
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong

Ah, I think I see the issue. You're thinking about "like" and "as" when those words are used as comparisons. If you're comparing two nouns ("Like a pig, Charlie eats with tremendous enthusiasm"), you'd want to use "like"; if you're comparing two clauses ("Just as pigs are voracious eaters, Charlie also can consume his entire body weight in a single trip to the buffet"), you'll want to use "as".

Trouble is, this isn't a comparison at all! In the phrase "the Turkish sultan... used the Acropolis as a fortress", we're not trying to compare "the Acropolis" with "a fortress" -- the Acropolis is simply put to use as a fortress. The phrase "used as" just indicates the building's function. So there's no need to even worry about the distinction between "like" and "as", since there is no comparison taking place.

I hope this helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 27 Mar 2019
Posts: 32
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2019, 03:56
1
This is example of parallelism. also, the sentence is in past tense, so parallelism list needs to have past tense of verb. (in some case, parallelism can go have mix match of tense but those are rare cases and meaning is more important)

Errors are highlighted in Bold


The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as - Correct, since established and used are parallel.

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like - No sequence, hence use of past perfect tense is wrong.

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as - No need of present perfect tense
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Jul 2009
Posts: 149
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Sep 2009, 07:53
A is correct.
You don’t even need to stress on as vs like in this question as all the answer choices other than A are wrong.

Like means “similar to” or “in a manner similar to”.

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like – establishing and used not parallel
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like – we don’t need when and past perfect here. Moreover as should be used instead of like.

D and E are way too off.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Jan 2013
Posts: 48
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2014, 23:53
WoundedTiger wrote:
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be
(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as



Hi,
Comma + verbing modifies preceding independent clause,then how establishing and using is modifying athens,which is actually a dependent clause.

Thanks
Abid
Current Student
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Feb 2014
Posts: 216
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3
WE: Project Management (Manufacturing)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2017, 22:47
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like Paralelism

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like Paralelism

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be Paralelism

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as Verb is required
_________________
Kudos if you like my post
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 10 Jan 2013
Posts: 303
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.95
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 11:07
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2019, 15:08
cantaffordname wrote:
This is example of parallelism. also, the sentence is in past tense, so parallelism list needs to have past tense of verb. (in some case, parallelism can go have mix match of tense but those are rare cases and meaning is more important)

Errors are highlighted in Bold


The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as - Correct, since established and used are parallel.

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like - No sequence, hence use of past perfect tense is wrong.

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as - No need of present perfect tense



Hello cantaffordname,

A very good analysis of the problem, I must say. Keep up the excellent work. :-)

I would like to add to your analysis the error about the usage of like in Choices B & C. The word like is used to present either the comparison or the examples. But this sentence intends to convey that the Acropolis itself was used as a fortress. It means that the Acropolis = fortress. Since the Acropolis functioned or acted as a fortress, the sentence must use as to present this intended function as we see in the correct answer choice.

Usage of to be is incorrect in Choice D for the same reason.


Thanks. :-)
Shraddha
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2019, 15:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne