GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 20 Jan 2020, 16:27

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2005
Posts: 279
The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2005, 20:02
19
1
146
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:01) correct 42% (02:01) wrong based on 1386 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is $$16 + 16 \sqrt{2}$$. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

(A) $$8$$

(B) $$16$$

(C) $$4\sqrt{2}$$

(D) $$8\sqrt{2}$$

(E) $$16\sqrt{2}$$
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4217
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Apr 2016, 18:14
17
1
8
Quote:
The Perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16√2. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

A) 8
B) 16
C) 4√2
D) 8√2
E) 16√2

An IMPORTANT point to remember is that, in any isosceles right triangle, the sides have length x, x, and x√2 for some positive value of x.

Note: x√2 is the length of the hypotenuse, so our goal is to find the value of x√2

From here, we can see that the perimeter will be x + x + x√2

In the question, the perimeter is 16 + 16√2, so we can create the following equation:
x + x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2,
Simplify: 2x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2
IMPORTANT: Factor x√2 from the left side to get : x√2(√2 + 1) = 16 + 16√2
Now factor 16 from the right side to get: x√2(√2 + 1) = 16(1 + √2)
Divide both sides by (1 + √2) to get: x√2 = 16

Cheers,
Brent
_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com
Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2005
Posts: 1
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2005, 01:44
17
10
It's B

16+16(rt2)=2a+a(rt2) (where a is the lenght of each leg)

16+16(rt2)=a(2+rt2)

(16+16(rt2))/(2+rt2)=a

Hypoteneuse of isosceles rigth triangle is a(rt2)

H=a(rt2)=((16+16(rt2)(rt2))/(2+rt2)

H=(16(rt2)+16x2))/(2+(rt2))

H=16(rt2+2)/(rt2+2)=16
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 03 Jun 2009
Posts: 627
Location: New Delhi
WE 1: 5.5 yrs in IT
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jun 2009, 22:01
10
1
8
As mentioned in the subject, this is a 45:45:90 isosceles triangle. As per properties of 45:45:90 triangle, the sides are in the ratio of 1:1: √2 (check out OG, or you can try this with couple of numbers)

So, let the sides be x, x, and x√2 (where x is the length of legs and x√2 is hypotenuse). We are supposed to find length of hypotenuse, i.e. x√2

Perimeter =
2x + x√2 = 16 +16√2
or, x√2(√2 + 1) = 16(1 + √2)
or, x√2 = 16

Director
Joined: 06 Feb 2006
Posts: 633
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Apr 2006, 01:10
7
2
gmatacer wrote:
y^2 = x^2+x^2 => x = y/sqrt(2)

2x+y=16+16sqrt(2)
ysrrt(2)+y=16+16sqrt(2)
y=16

I looked at it in a more simple manner....

Simply kept in mind that two sides must be equal and that the sum of the two sides must be more than the length of the remaining side....
Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2005
Posts: 163
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2005, 02:03
5
2
Let the length of the opposite and adjacent = a
Length of hypotenuse = h = sqrt(a^2+a^2) = sqrt(2) * a

So a = h/sqrt(2) = (sqrt(2)/2) * h

Perimeter = 2a + h
= 2 * (sqrt(2)/2) * h + h
= h (sqrt (2) + 1 )

Also given
Perimeter = 16 + 16 sqrt (2) = 16 (sqrt (2) + 1 )

So h = 16
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 624
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 May 2007, 09:56
4
above720 wrote:
How would you solve?

The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16√2. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

x + x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2
2x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2
x√2 (1 + √2) = 16 (1 + √2)
x√2 = 16
x = 16/√2 = 8√2

h^2 = x^2 + x^2
h^2 = 2x^2
h^2 = 2 (8√2)^2
h^2 = 2x2x8x8
h = 2 x 8 = 16
Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2005
Posts: 119
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2005, 07:44
3
I also get B

If the length of one of the two equal sides is x, then the other side is also x and the hypotenuse is xrt2.

we know that P= 16+16rt2

to get the perimeter you add the lengths of the three sides so either the equal sides are 16/2 = 8 and the other side is 8rt2 (which it isn't)

or the equal sides are 16rt2/2 = 8rt2 and the hypotenus is 16.

2(8rt2) = 16rt2 so it's pretty obvious that the hypotenuse is 16.
Manager
Joined: 24 Jan 2006
Posts: 163
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Apr 2006, 11:45
3
y^2 = x^2+x^2 => x = y/sqrt(2)

2x+y=16+16sqrt(2)
ysrrt(2)+y=16+16sqrt(2)
y=16
Director
Joined: 06 Feb 2006
Posts: 633
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Nov 2006, 06:38
3
1
This is actually more simple than you think....

Remember the rule that the sum of any two sides of the triangular must not be less than the length of the remaining side....

Thus isosceles triangular has two sides equal in length... so the sum of those two sides must be more than the remaining side...

You are given a perimeter, you can trace down the answer quickly.... and without calculations...
Director
Joined: 06 Feb 2006
Posts: 633
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Nov 2006, 07:04
3
1
2
My method for this is simple....

two equal sides
hypotenuse

Perimeter=16+16sqrt2

the sum of the two equal sides cannot be less than the hypotenuse.

Thus hypotenuse must be less than the sum of the other two equal sides:

Perimeter=16+16sqrt2.... the lower value in this equation is the hypotenuse, thus answer is 16

B
SVP
Status: Three Down.
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1815
Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit

### Show Tags

Updated on: 02 Jul 2010, 20:33
3
1
Okay, so since this is an isosceles triangle, let's assume the equal sides are x and x and the hypotenuse is

$$\sqrt{x^2 + x^2}$$ = $$\sqrt{2}x$$

Perimeter = $$x + x + \sqrt{2}x$$ = $$2x+\sqrt{2}x$$ = $$\sqrt{2}x (\sqrt{2} + 1)$$

This is equal to 16 + 16 $$\sqrt{2}$$

So equating we get:

$$\sqrt{2}x (\sqrt{2} + 1)$$ = 16 + 16 $$\sqrt{2}$$ = 16$$(\sqrt{2} + 1)$$

Solving this and canceling the $$(\sqrt{2} + 1)$$ on both sides, we get:

$$\sqrt{2}x=16$$

So we have $$x = \frac{16}{\sqrt{2}}$$

From the first step, we know that the hypotenuse is:$$\sqrt{2}x$$ = $$\frac{16}{\sqrt{2}}*\sqrt{2}$$ = 16

So I'd say the answer is B.

Hope this helps.

Originally posted by whiplash2411 on 02 Jul 2010, 20:30.
Last edited by whiplash2411 on 02 Jul 2010, 20:33, edited 3 times in total.
Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2006
Posts: 47
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 May 2007, 03:40
2
We know that an isocele right triangle has the following sides dimension: x, x and xsqrt(2) and we are looking for xsqrt(2).

Lets calculate x:

x+x+xsqrt(2) = 16 + 16sqrt(2)
x (2+sqrt(2)) = 8 (2+2sqrt(2))
x = 8 (2+2sqrt(2)) / (2+sqrt(2))

Lets caculte xsqrt(2):

xsqrt(2) = 8 (2+2sqrt(2)) sqrt(2) / (2+sqrt(2))
xsqrt(2) = 8 (2sqrt(2)+4) / (2+sqrt(2)) = 16
CIO
Joined: 09 Mar 2003
Posts: 409
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2007, 10:05
2
2
plaguerabbit wrote:
The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16sqrt(2). What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

(A) 8
(B) 16
(C) 4sqrt(2)
(D) 8sqrt(2)
(E) 16sqrt(2)

how do you solve this without backsolving?

Guys, there is a simpler approach. On this board, with all the practice that everyone's doing, we are all so focused on the various nuances of the GMAT, so this should jump out at you.

We know that the triangle has to be x to x to xroot2. But when we try to make it work, it simply doesn't make sense. I mean, if the sides were an integer and the hypotenuse were the same integer times root 2, then the perimeter would have to just be 2x + xroot2. But it's not that. It's x + xroot2. So something's wrong.

You should instantly think - maybe the hypotenuse is the integer. It's the only other way the GMAT has ever really made these things hard.

So now we can eliminate C, D, and E. And since we're left with just 8 or 16, in this case, plugging in isn't so tough, and we get to 16 in about 31 seconds.

This is essentially what Squirrel was saying. Realize it's backwards ahead of time. But then just get the right answer. Remember, the GMAT doesn't award points for slickness of the math, it awards points for right answers in the shortest amount of time.
VP
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1186
GPA: 3.77
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Apr 2010, 14:55
2
Himalayan wrote:
above720 wrote:
How would you solve?

The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16√2. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

x + x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2
2x + x√2 = 16 + 16√2
x√2 (1 + √2) = 16 (1 + √2)
x√2 = 16
x = 16/√2 = 8√2

h^2 = x^2 + x^2
h^2 = 2x^2
h^2 = 2 (8√2)^2
h^2 = 2x2x8x8
h = 2 x 8 = 16

much easier to solve, at least saves few seconds:

if x=8√2, => 2x=2*8√2=16√2, Perimeter-2x= hypotenuse, or 16 + 16√2-16√2=16
_________________
VP
Joined: 29 Apr 2003
Posts: 1192
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Apr 2006, 01:19
1
Put each sides to be X
Then hyp = xsqrt(2)

Perimeter = x + x + x*sqrt(2)

Solving for x, we get x = 8Sqrt(2)

Hence, Hyp = 16
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2009
Posts: 272
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2009, 02:28
1
1
Perimeter =
2x + x√2 = 16 +16√2
or, x√2(√2 + 1) = 16(1 + √2)
or, x√2 = 16

B
_________________
Lahoosaher
Senior Manager
Status: Up again.
Joined: 31 Oct 2010
Posts: 453
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V40
GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V42
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 May 2011, 06:19
1
Please point out what am I doing wrong:

Let the non-hypotenuse sides be $$x$$. Therefore, hypotenuse= $$\sqrt{2}x$$

$$So,Perimeter= 2x+\sqrt{2}x= 16+16\sqrt{2}$$

$$=> x(2+\sqrt{2})= 8(2+\sqrt{2})$$

Comparing both sides, $$x=8$$, Therefore, $$hypotenuse= 8\sqrt{2}$$

This answer is also included in the answer choices which makes me sure that I'm doing a very silly mistake somewhere, just cant see where! Please guys, please point out that small mistake that is eluding my eyes!
_________________
My GMAT debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/from-620-to-710-my-gmat-journey-114437.html
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8344
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Apr 2016, 21:00
1
Flexxice wrote:
The perimeter of a certain isosceles triangle is 16 + 16 * square root of 2. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

A) 8

B) 16

C) 4 * square root of 2

D) 8 * square root of 2

E) 16 * square root of 2

Firstly you have missed out onright angle in "certain isosceles triangle"..
secondly..
16 +16$$\sqrt{2}$$ should tell us that the two equal sides are either 8 or 8$$\sqrt{2}$$..
If it is 8, perimeter = 8+8+8$$\sqrt{2}$$, which is not the case here..
if it is 8$$\sqrt{2}$$, P = 8$$\sqrt{2}$$+8$$\sqrt{2}$$+8$$\sqrt{2}*\sqrt{2}$$ = 16 + 16$$\sqrt{2}$$.. which is the P
so side is 8$$\sqrt{2}$$ and HYP = 16
B
OA is being edited accordingly
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2015
Posts: 274
Location: United States
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2016, 22:57
1
coffeeloverfreak wrote:
The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is $$16 + 16 \sqrt{2}$$. What is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

$$(A) \hspace{5} 8$$
$$(B) \hspace{5} 16$$
$$(C) \hspace{5} 4\sqrt{2}$$
$$(D) \hspace{5} 8\sqrt{2}$$
$$(E) \hspace{5} 16\sqrt{2}$$

Hence the answer is B) 16
Attachments

triangle1.PNG [ 14.17 KiB | Viewed 3049 times ]

Re: The perimeter of a certain isosceles right triangle is 16 + 16*2^(1/2)   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2016, 22:57

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 33 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by