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# The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th

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The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2017, 11:58
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Source: Nova GMAT

The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no threat to people living near them. If this is true, then why do they locate the plants in sparsely populated regions. By not locating the chemical dumps in densely populated areas the petrochemical industry tacitly admits that these chemicals are potentially dangerous to the people living nearby.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument?

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only.
(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm.
(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape.
(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated.
(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps.

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Re: The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 09:39
Senior PS Moderator
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The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 10:53
Source: Nova GMAT

The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no threat to people living near them. If this is true, then why do they locate the plants in sparsely populated regions. By not locating the chemical dumps in densely populated areas the petrochemical industry tacitly admits that these chemicals are potentially dangerous to the people living nearby.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument?

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only.
(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm.
(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape.
(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated.
(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps.

mahapatro

This argument talks about the chemical waste dumps being located at sparsely populated regions.
It also talks about the petrochemical industry which by not placing the dumps at densely populated
regions tacitly imply that the dumps might be dangerous to people.

We have been asked to weaken this argument. Option E does not in anyway impact the conclusion
by proving that the dumps are not dangerous. However, Option C gives us an alternate reason
why the dumps are located in sparsely populated areas.

Hope this helps you!
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Re: The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 20:04
The question uses the following line "By not locating the chemical dumps in densely populated areas" as the main evidence for its claim. To weaken this , we need to find alternate reason to explain why chemical waste are dumped in sparsely populated areas.

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only - Out of scope
(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm -This might look right but does not give concrete information that weakens the question.
(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape. - Correct
(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated. - Out of scope
(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps - Out of scope

Ans: C
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Re: The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2018, 01:11
Source: Nova GMAT

The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no threat to people living near them. If this is true, then why do they locate the plants in sparsely populated regions. By not locating the chemical dumps in densely populated areas the petrochemical industry tacitly admits that these chemicals are potentially dangerous to the people living nearby.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument?

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only.
(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm.
(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape.
(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated.
(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps.

IMO C
A out of scope
B DOESN'T tell about rural and urban
C correct.
E strengthing

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Re: The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2018, 18:50
Source: Nova GMAT

The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no threat to people living near them. If this is true, then why do they locate the plants in sparsely populated regions. By not locating the chemical dumps in densely populated areas the petrochemical industry tacitly admits that these chemicals are potentially dangerous to the people living nearby.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument?

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only.
(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm.
(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape.
(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated.
(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps.

(A) Funding through the environmental Super Fund to clean up poorly run waste dumps is reserved for rural areas only.

(B) Until chemical dumps are proven 100% safe, it would be imprudent to locate them were they could potentially do the most harm.

(C) Locating the dumps in sparsely populated areas is less expensive and involves less government red tape. Provides alternate reason

(D) The potential for chemicals to leach into the water table has in the past been underestimated.

(E) People in cities are more likely to sue the industry if their health is harmed by the dumps.

Clear cut (C)
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Re: The petrochemical industry claims that chemical waste dumps pose no th   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2018, 18:50
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