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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster

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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its consumers and having pulled the drug off the market, led to a sharp drop in the company’s share price.

A) having pulled the drug off the market, led to
B) pulled the drug off the market, leading to
C) pulling the drug off the market, leading to
D)pulled the drug off the market, led to
E) pulled the drug off the market, having led to

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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its consumers and having pulled the drug off the market, led to a sharp drop in the company’s share price.
Structure is - Conceded X n Pulled Y, Modifier
A) having pulled the drug off the market, led to - Run on coz modifier is not defining the meaning properly. INCORRECT
B) pulled the drug off the market, leading to - CORRECT
C) pulling the drug off the market, leading to - The company pulled the drug off the market in one go but PULLING changes the intended meaning. INCORRECT
D)pulled the drug off the market, led to -Run on coz modifier is not defining the meaning properly. INCORRECT
E) pulled the drug off the market, having led to - Action ended at one point in the past n is not continuing. INCORRECT
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 23:37
This question is about parallelism + modifier.
IMO, B is correct.

Split #1: Parallelism:
Because of "and" before the underlined part ==> It is parallel marker. So the parallel structure should be: The pharmaceutical company conceded that.....and pulled......
So A, C are out.

Split #2: modifier:
There is a comma after the underlined part ==> It is modifier marker.
Among B, D, E, only B uses a correct modifier "leading to" which modifies the previous clause.

Hence, B is correct.

Waiting for OA.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2013, 00:17
I'll try with another type of explanation.

If I say "The pharmaceutical company conceded (...) pulled (...) led (...)" I mantain a parallel structure of ideas, hence I am making a list of things that company did.

The first two verbs are correct, but the third is wrong because "the company did not lead to a price drop". So the structure of the sentence must reflect its meaning => the company did two things and the result is the price drop.
So I should use parallelism for "pulled" and COMMA + ING modifier for the second verb, to present the results of the action.

B) pulled the drug off the market, leading to

is correct
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2013, 09:19
OA : B

Parallelism: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its consumers and ...
To maintain parallelism, the verb form that follows 'and' must be similar to 'conceded' and therefore simple past (pulled).
leading to modifies the entire clause before the comma and it is similar to resulting in.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2013, 09:52
IMO answer is B

The question tests parallelism for And connector and modifier.

The pharmaceutical company conceded ... and pulled

A and C are out since they use pulling - not parallel to conceded.

For the modifier verb-ing is required to describe the results of the drug pulled from the market.

D - led to - describe the intent and not results
Between B and E having led to is more wordy than leading to --> hence answer is B

Anybody has a better explanation for eliminating E other than wordy or awkward
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2013, 12:03
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nt2010 wrote:
IMO answer is B

The question tests parallelism for And connector and modifier.

The pharmaceutical company conceded ... and pulled

A and C are out since they use pulling - not parallel to conceded.

For the modifier verb-ing is required to describe the results of the drug pulled from the market.

D - led to - describe the intent and not results
Between B and E having led to is more wordy than leading to --> hence answer is B

Anybody has a better explanation for eliminating E other than wordy or awkward



E with "having led" gives us a wrong idea of the "timing", changes the meaning
E) pulled the drug off the market, having led to

If I say B) pulled the drug off the market, leading to <==the -ing presents the results
but "having led to" seems to say that this fact already happened, the overall sequence of the events is not clear.

Hope it helps
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2013, 14:34
Good points Zarrolou :-)

I thought in E having is playing the role of modifier without any helping verb and such <verb>ing would present the results of the earlier clause.. I understand your explanation when I read and re-read it.

Just wanted to avoid eliminating a choice because it sounds bad... learning from my mistakes :-(
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 11:04
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 11:04
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