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# The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal

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Intern
Joined: 21 Oct 2012
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Kudos [?]: 27 [2] , given: 16

The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2012, 06:33
2
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Question Stats:

88% (01:53) correct 13% (00:53) wrong based on 67 sessions

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The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable.

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable
B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable
C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable
D. are a federal law and a provincial law that are valid or enforceable
E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable

Can we discuss this question. Got confused after verifying what the answer was.
If you have any questions
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Kudos [?]: 6303 [1] , given: 324

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24 Nov 2012, 07:56
1
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The preamble: there verb should be are, as two things are there namely, 1. a federal law and 2. a provincial law

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable--- the verb -- is --- S- V error

B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable— each of which are -- is wrong ; -- each of which is -- right as each is the singular subject of the sub - clause

C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable--- the relative clause introduced by where there - is a fragment without a working verb

D. is a federal law and a provincial law that is valid or enforceable ---- valid or enforceable is wrong; it should be valid and enforceable.

E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable --- correct choice; uses the correct plural verb – are- in both the cases; the intrusion of -each - is immaterial, since it is the compound subject -- law 1 and law 2 --- that matters.

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24 Nov 2012, 08:06
The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable.

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable -> FLIP the related part: A federal law and a provincial law are there. By flipping, we can see that the compound subject 'a federal law and a provincial law' takes a plural verb 'are'.
B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable ->The indefinite pronoun each is considered a singular pronoun and requires a singular verb form.
C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable -> Try to replace the underlined part with this fragment. A connecting verb between there and this fragmentis missing.
D. are a federal law and a provincial law that are valid or enforceable -> Use of or changes the meaning of the sentence.
E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable. Contrast this with A. It uses the correct verb there are. The second verb form that might be confusing that are is also correctly used. Hence, This is the correct answer.

Hope it helps. If it does, please appreciate with a Kudos.
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Re: The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2015, 00:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2015, 03:28

Each followed by a subject takes plural. Where Subject followed by Each must be singular.

Arvars wrote:
The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable.

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable
B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable
C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable
D. are a federal law and a provincial law that are valid or enforceable
E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable

Can we discuss this question. Got confused after verifying what the answer was.

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Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.

Re: The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal   [#permalink] 04 Jun 2015, 03:28
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