The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago,

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The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 08:09
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The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.
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09 Sep 2011, 07:39
i would go with C...wats the OA?
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09 Sep 2011, 08:55
I went with E, which actually strengthen the argument.
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11 Sep 2011, 05:54
I go for D.. It actually strengthens the conclusion ..
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11 Sep 2011, 06:10
edited the post... on second thought i think C

The conclusion is the postal service is badly managed.

cannot be D because D saysit takes lesser time now... that means the postal service has improved over the last 40 years...

E says other stuff increased more than 300 %.. so it could be greater than 10 times or could be less.. one cannot conclude.. so E is close

C does not appear to impact the argument much..

eager to know the OA
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11 Sep 2011, 06:19
it should be E...other consumer prices have risen by 300%...while the cost of postal service has risen by 900%(10 times)... so it strengthens the arg..
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12 Sep 2011, 07:13
I go with C.
Just because private services prices are more doesn't have anything to do with why the Postal service is not mismanaged.
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29 Sep 2011, 20:16
bholakc wrote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

IMO D. dramatically increased volume, Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel, less charge for comparable service are the evidences that the postal service may present to argue against the conclusion of the Stimulus, leaving D & E.

At first, when I didn't recognize the the stem ends with "EXCEPT," I picked E as the most weakening statement.
When overall consumer prices increases over 300%, which we call an inflation, we can easily infer that the the wages of postal workers, which is the cost of the postal service increase. 300% increase of consumer prices doesn't parallel with 1,000% increase of postal charge, but when added with other reasons such as dramatically increased volume, unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel, etc., the increased consumer prices may lead to 1,000% increase of postal charge.
Thus E is weaking.

D could be understood such that "Althought it takes slightly less than it used to be, the speed basically hasn't changed for the past 40 years." No substantial change of speed, then no change of substantial price. How much faster is "slightly faster" for 10 times of price? 20 minutes?

Thus, IMO D.
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04 Oct 2011, 23:12
OA is E.

I found the OA in the answer key download for CR1000 (reference: Test D qn 7).
It would really be nice if original poster could post up OA together with the questions each time...

I chose C initially.

---
I figured this is how it should be -
Conclusion: postal service badly managed.
Premise: increased price by 10x; decreased efficiency and reliability

Answer should strengthen this.

A - weakens. Gives postal service an excuse to say it's not their fault for increased price n decreased efficiency/reliability
B - weakens. again, not postal services' fault! It was circumstantial.
C - weakens. Over here, it tells us, hey...comparatively, postal service charges less --> good management!
D - weakens. Increased efficiency! --> good management!
E - strengthens. Across the board, consumer prices increased only 3-folds. Postal service increased 10x!! Mismanagement!!

bholakc wrote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, [#permalink]

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31 May 2013, 23:15
Quote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

I think it is important to understand here whether to Strengthen or Weaken the Conclusion.
Conclusion: The postal service is badly mismanaged
Weaken: Not Mismanaged
Except: It is mismanaged.

E does the job. Rest all weakens the mismanagement claim.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2013, 06:35
IMO E: confused between C & E but E seems stronger candidate

Conclusion is based on increase in postal cost of 1st class delivery letter: we have to weaken that or another cause of good management

A: Workload is issue not management
B: Fuel cost but not mismanagement
C: Not sure
D: Weakening
E:inflation cost increase by 3x but postal charges increased by 10x. Definitely a strong candidate
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2013, 10:02
I think C should be the ans.

Only C & E stand till end.
According to C, private mail service is more expensive than govt. This argument is helpful in justifying 10 fold increase in prices.
According to E, normal prices have increased 300% that is 4 times than before which is still less than 10 fold increment in prices. So, IMO this option is weaker than C.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2014, 05:40
bholakc wrote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

Yeah after reading the above answer choices E looks good, I have to admit I overlooked it when I first did this question. Thing is that A doesn't quite convince me at all. The volume increased dramatically, so what? It happens, can the company step up and deal with this? Apparently not, MISMANAGED!

Does anybody have any comments on this answer choice

Cheers
J
Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago,   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2014, 05:40
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# The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago,

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