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The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant

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Manager
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The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2005, 21:22
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The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh-grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.

a) reading without meeting with opposition
b) reading, having met with no opposition
c) reading, without the opposition of others
d) reading, and has not met with opposition

What is the sentence structure of this SC?

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2015, 23:42
in D, the two actions are separate. this case is not logic

in B, the two actions are related. This case is logic

B should be correct not D.
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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2015, 10:29
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Have a doubt regarding option d. comma + co-ordinating conjunction is used for connecting two independent clauses,but 'Has not met with opposition' is not an independent clause as subject is missing.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2016, 03:35
comma in D is wrong
Consruction
A and B.
A,B, and C

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 19:16
patrickpui wrote:
The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh-grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.

a) reading without meeting with opposition
b) reading, having met with no opposition
c) reading, without the opposition of others
d) reading, and has not met with opposition

What is the sentence structure of this SC?

only D actually makes sense.
A and E can be right away eliminated..reading without meeting...no.
B is not good, because the ing modifier must modify both subject and verb of the preceded clause. having met no opposition, principal has sought..illogical to say has sought..she could have just say smth, without seeking approval.
between C and D...D looks better..2 parallel verbs connected properly, while in C it is not clear to what "without the opposition of others" refers to.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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21 May 2016, 11:53
we would have to go by meaning the sentence is trying to convey
The principal is seeking the approval and not the seventh- graders
I would go choice D

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2016, 12:41
a) reading without meeting with opposition
b) reading, having met with no opposition
c) reading, without the opposition of others
d) reading, and has not met with opposition

IMO --D>
has sought , has not met ---parallel

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 16:22
How can it be D?

, and --- Is it not true if you use , and to connect two clauses they must be independent? Has not met with opposition is not an independent clause.

If we are referring to parallelism, then the sentence should not have the comma. i.e. the principal has sought and has not met with opposition.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 17:11
"AND" can be used for two purposes. Either it can be a parallel marker, for example "A,B, and C" or connects two independent clauses "Clause 1, and Clause 2"
When items that are parallel are only two such as "A and B" then we don't use comma after A.
Hence option D is correct.
"And" is not parallel marker here, its a coordinating Conjunction.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 20:32
sandeepb17

Thank you for that response, I agree with all the usages that you have mentioned above. However according to:

"When items that are parallel are only two such as "A and B" then we don't use comma after A."

The sentence above only has two things above that are parallel -- has sought and has not met opposition, there is no "a, b, and c" list.

Therefore, there should be no comma right?

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 05:56
"And" in GMAT fulfills two roles, either it acts as "parallel marker" or "conjunction coordinator".
In this question it is a Conjunction coordinator.
You are thinking ARE as parallel marker, which is wrong.

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The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 06:56
This is a matter of establishing if we should be looking for a subordinate or a coordinate clause.
The crucial problem with "B" is that it links the president "seeking for approval" with a subordinate clause. It would read like:

"The principal sought approval, since he [had?] met with no opposition". It's a rather iffy construct, at best. Pay attention that even the sequence of tenses is potentially ambiguous/doubtful. It should appear intuitive enough that the president is going to seek for approval first, and then possibly meet with some opposing party.

D, on the other hand reads like:
"The principal sought approval and has not met with opposition". Much clearer.

Furthermore, to cementify B's status as the best option, "and" is objectively more definitive in establishing that the action is taken by the principal.

It's a legitimately hard question for a non-native speaker, nevertheless. Hope it's clearer now for those who couldn't wrap their head around the issue.

[source: http://depts.washington.edu/wbt401/Gram ... subord.htm]
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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 07:58
This still does not solve the ", and" issue.

If this ,and is used as a coordinating conjunction, D is absolutely wrong because the second half of the sentence IS NOT an independent clause.

You cannot say: Jimmy likes to eat cheese, and reads a lot of books.

Because reads a lot of books is not independent even if it is referring to Jimmy. You must have another subject item like "he".

Jimmy likes to eat cheese, and he reads a lot of books.

Or

Jimmy likes to eat cheese and reads a lot of books. NO COMMA.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 07:24
Hi E-GMAT, Daagh, Manhattan,

patrickpui wrote:
The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh-grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.

a) reading without meeting with opposition
b) reading, having met with no opposition
c) reading, without the opposition of others
d) reading, and has not met with opposition

What is the sentence structure of this SC?

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2016, 08:40

D uses parallel structure - has X & has Y

Rest options don't make sense

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2016, 06:47
here is what we have the role of ellipse,
this question has multiple correct ans , depending upon who infers what .
also , comma before and is wrong.

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2016, 23:56
An extract from Manhattan-
Do not use a comma before AND to seperate two verbs that have the same subject.
For example ;

Earl walked to school, and later ate his lunch. (WRONG)

Earl walked to school and later ate his lunch.(CORRECT)
Earl walked to school, and he later ate his lunch. (CORRECT)

Hope it helps.

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The principal has sought approval [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2017, 10:32
The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.
(A) reading without meeting with opposition
(B) reading, having met with no opposition
(C) reading, without the opposition of others
(D) reading, and has not met with opposition

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2017, 13:35
nahid007 wrote:
The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.
(A) reading without meeting with opposition
(B) reading, having met with no opposition
(C) reading, without the opposition of others
(D) reading, and has not met with opposition

Dear nahid007,

My friend, it's clear that you are relatively new to GMAT club. Always search for question before posting it in a new thread. I have merged your post into this existing thread: please search here for answers to your questions.

Let me know if you have any questions.

Mike
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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2017, 09:47
The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant promotions to only those seventh-grade students proficient in reading without meeting with opposition.

a) reading without meeting with opposition
b) reading, having met with no opposition
c) reading, without the opposition of others
d) reading, and has not met with opposition

I don't like this question. What are (you) trying to say? This is too ambiguous. A couple of things can be meant here:
- The principal herself can be met with opposition (i.e. people who do not approve of these promotions for 7th grade students can speak up and make their voices heard)
- The 7th grade students in question can be meeting with opposition regarding the grants they are planned to get.

Also, for (D): "the principal...and has not met with opposition". To fellow native English speakers, this doesn't make sense. "met with opposition" should be "met with THE opposition", or "met with those opposed (to the plan)".

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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2017, 10:13
Construction rule:
Independent clause (comma+conjunction) Independent clause

Parallelism:
X and Y (no comma unless its a list that includes more than 2 items.)

Why is it D then?
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Re: The principal has sought approval for her plan to grant   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2017, 10:13

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