The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is

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Director
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The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2007, 22:02
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The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is the following: people making economic decisions cannot readily compare environmental factors, such as clean air and the survival of endangered species, with other costs and benefits. As environmental economists recognize, solving this problem requires assigning monetary values to environmental factors. But monetary values result from people comparing costs and benefits in order to arrive at economic decisions. Thus, environmental economics is stymied by what motivates it.

If the considerations advanced in its support are true, the passageâ€™s conclusion is supported
(A) strongly, on the assumption that monetary values for environment factors cannot be assigned unless people make economic decisions about these factors
(B) strongly, unless economic decision-making has not yet had any effect on the things categorized as environmental factors
(C) at best weakly, because the passage fails to establish that economic decision-makers do not by and large take adequate account of environmental factors
(D) at best weakly, because the argument assumes that pollution and other effects on environmental factors rarely result from economic decision-making
(E) not at all, since the argument is circular, taking that conclusion as one of its premises
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17 Apr 2007, 01:31
WHat a mess...

Economic decisions â€“ requires monetary comparison â€“ monetary comparisons require assigning monetary values â€“ monetary values result from comparisons to make economic decisions.

It looks like E.. circular reasoning.. but I am not sure.
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18 Apr 2007, 13:00
I'll go with (B). It says

unless economic decision-making has not yet had any effect on the things categorized as environmental factors

so for the conclusion to be supported,
economic decision-making should not have had any effect on the things categorized as environmental factors.

I'll go with this.
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18 Apr 2007, 13:36
I will go with B too..
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18 Apr 2007, 14:47
A.
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18 Apr 2007, 16:10
Premise1 :solving this problem requires assigning monetary values to environmental factors.
Premise 2: But monetary values result from people comparing costs and benefits in order to arrive at economic decisions.
Conclusion:Thus, environmental economics is stymied by what motivates it.

Question: What supports the conclusion?
Attitude of the people to think on monetary terms.

B!
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19 Apr 2007, 08:33
Wow
Couldn't make sense at all of this one... seems like an E to me.

Anand
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19 Apr 2007, 09:32
Only ng got it right...but can u tell me whats wrong with E ng??
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19 Apr 2007, 09:33
I thought E too!!

This is how I solved the question... Would like to know the OA

compare environmental factors (A)
costs and benefits (B)
monetary values (C)

The problem is that - A cannot be compared with B
To solve problem - A should be assigned C
But C can be obtained by B

So we are kind of back to square one
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19 Apr 2007, 09:57
I am totally confused but putting my 2 cents on A as it only makes some sense in the context of the question.
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20 Apr 2007, 10:15
vineetgupta wrote:
The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is the following: people making economic decisions cannot readily compare environmental factors, such as clean air and the survival of endangered species, with other costs and benefits. As environmental economists recognize, solving this problem requires assigning monetary values to environmental factors. But monetary values result from people comparing costs and benefits in order to arrive at economic decisions. Thus, environmental economics is stymied by what motivates it.

If the considerations advanced in its support are true, the passageтАЩs conclusion is supported
(A) strongly, on the assumption that monetary values for environment factors cannot be assigned unless people make economic decisions about these factors
(B) strongly, unless economic decision-making has not yet had any effect on the things categorized as environmental factors
(C) at best weakly, because the passage fails to establish that economic decision-makers do not by and large take adequate account of environmental factors
(D) at best weakly, because the argument assumes that pollution and other effects on environmental factors rarely result from economic decision-making
(E) not at all, since the argument is circular, taking that conclusion as one of its premises

Pls post the OA.
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20 Apr 2007, 10:36
The OA is A...can anyone explain??
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20 Apr 2007, 12:04
The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy is the following: people making economic decisions cannot readily compare environmental factors, such as clean air and the survival of endangered species, with other costs and benefits. As environmental economists recognize, solving this problem requires assigning monetary values to environmental factors. But monetary values result from people comparing costs and benefits in order to arrive at economic decisions. Thus, environmental economics is stymied by what motivates it.

Goal: The problem that environmental economics aims to remedy: People making economic decisions cannot readily compare environmental factors, such as clean air and the survival of endangered species, with other costs and benefits

Explananation: Environmental economists recognize, solving this problem requires assigning monetary values to environmental factors

Counter Premise: Monetary values result from people comparing costs and benefits in order to arrive at economic decisions

Conclusion: Environmental economics is stymied by what motivates it.

The question is asking us to provide support i.e. which of the following is best supports the conclusion тАШenvironmental economics is stymied by what motivates itтАЩ

With that said lets look at the options:-
(A) Strongly, on the assumption that monetary values for environment factors cannot be assigned unless people make economic decisions about these factors

Yes!
Even if you use formal logic this holds true

(B) Strongly, unless economic decision-making has not yet had any effect on the things categorized as environmental factors (Unrelated and out of Scope)

(C) At best weakly, because the passage fails to establish that economic decision-makers do not by and large take adequate account of environmental factors

(Nothing has been said about these)

(D) at best weakly, because the argument assumes that pollution and other effects on environmental factors rarely result from economic decision-making
(Out of Scope)

(E) not at all, since the argument is circular, taking that conclusion as one of its premises
We are not asked to critique the argument, we are asked to provide support (out)
20 Apr 2007, 12:04
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