The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely

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SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1628
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
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Kudos [?]: 1084 [0], given: 2

The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2010, 04:35
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Question Stats:

36% (02:03) correct 64% (03:07) wrong based on 22 sessions

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The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely used as systematic tests of pharmaceutical innovations, to new surgical procedures should not be implemented. The point is that surgical procedures differ in one important respect from medicinal drugs: a correctly prescribed drug depends for its effectiveness only on the drug’s composition, whereas the effectiveness of even the most appropriate surgical procedure is transparently related to the skills of the surgeon who uses it.
The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument
(A) does not consider that new surgical procedures might be found to be intrinsically more harmful than the best treatment previously available
(B) ignores the possibility that the challenged proposal is deliberately crude in a way designed to elicit criticism to be used in refining the proposal
(C) assumes that a surgeon’s skills remain unchanged throughout the surgeon’s professional life
(D) describes a dissimilarity without citing any scientific evidence for the existence of that dissimilarity
(E) rejects a proposal presumably advanced in good faith without acknowledging any such good faith
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Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 89
Schools: UCLA Anderson
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Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 17

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04 Jun 2010, 11:45
Definitely a challenging question! The author's reasoning is that "New surgical procedures shouldn't be subject to clinical trials, because every surgeon is different." However, clinical trials might still be a good idea, to establish that the new procedure isn't more harmful, in a broad sense, than the previous best treatment. I believe the answer is A.

I think we clearly rule out C-E, so it's between A and B. My opinion is A.
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Intern
Joined: 19 Dec 2009
Posts: 37
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Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 8

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04 Jun 2010, 14:59

If memory serves me right this is from one of the earlier LSATs.
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Joined: 17 Feb 2010
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07 Jun 2010, 10:45
I narrowed it to A and B and picked (B).
Re: The proposal   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2010, 10:45
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