The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown

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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 18:39
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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city's police force does not necessarily reduce crime.

B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.

C) If funding for the new police officers' salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.

D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

E) Middletown's ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

OA to follow.
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 18:51
RyanDe680 wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city's police force does not necessarily reduce crime.

B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.

C) If funding for the new police officers' salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.

D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

E) Middletown's ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

OA to follow.

Haha, the argument shows a big gap.

Reason: only because there is not sufficient for the followers such as prison employees, courts when there is additional arrests and convictions.

Conclusion: the author stupidily claims that it is quite foolish to hire new ten officers...

The author makes that conclusion when he considers only the bad side of the proposal. If we consider the good side of that proposal and counter his claim, we can damage this argument. Right?

E
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 20:04
E for me.

RyanDe680 wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. <-- conclusion

There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate. <-- premise

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above? <-- weaken

A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city's police force does not necessarily reduce crime. <-- strengthens

B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions. <-- strengthens

C) If funding for the new police officers' salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year. <-- irrelevant to the conclusion and premise

D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms. <-- but we still need staff for the courts and for prisons

E) Middletown's ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime. <-- BINGO. If crime is deterred, there will be less arrests and convictions.

OA to follow.
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 20:10
Its E. None of the others weakens the conclusion
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 20:31
E. Crime decreases without an increase in arrests and convictions.
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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10 May 2008, 06:47
RyanDe680 wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city's police force does not necessarily reduce crime.

B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.

C) If funding for the new police officers' salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.

D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

E) Middletown's ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

OA to follow.

E as explained by others....
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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10 May 2008, 17:22
RyanDe680 wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city's police force does not necessarily reduce crime.

B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.

C) If funding for the new police officers' salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.

D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

E) Middletown's ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

OA to follow.
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Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR [#permalink]

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10 May 2008, 19:28
Straight E.
Re: GMAT Prep #5 - CR   [#permalink] 10 May 2008, 19:28
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