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The psychologist William James believed that facial

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Mannheim Thread Master
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 10:31
C is correct - The not only . . . but also construction is parallel.
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 19:36
prasannar wrote:
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2.0 SC Q:46

ldiom; Grammatical construction

This sentence should depend on the correlative construction not only . . . but also y, where x and y are paraIlel. However, the faulty construction in the original sentence does not properly include the second element, but also, and so produces a sentence fragment. James says that facial expressions have two effects: they provide a sign of emotion and they contribute to emotion. Thus, in this sentence, not only should be followed by (x) provide a visible sign of an emotion, and but also should be followed by (y) actually contribute to the feeling itself.

(A) the not only. . . but also construction is violated, creating a sentence fragment.
(B) But also actually contributing is not parallel to not only provide; because contributing is a participle and not a verb, the result is a sentence fragment.
(C) Correct. The not anly . . . but also construction is parallel, resulting in a complete sentence.
(D) The not only construction needs to be completed with but also and should not be interrupted by a semicolon. The feeling of it is awkward and wordy.
(E) Use of the semicolon in the not only . . . but also construction is not correct; the passive voice is also actually contributed to is awkward and not parallel to provide.

The correct answer is C.


Through process of elimination we have B and C- C is correct because contribute takes the noun facial expressions - facial expressions contribute

C

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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 10:00
in this question we know that contributing is a participle,
but how do participles differ from verb?
Is there a way we can point out that this is a participle and not a verb?
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 10:26
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cubs wrote:
in this question we know that contributing is a participle,
but how do participles differ from verb?
Is there a way we can point out that this is a participle and not a verb?



Hello cubs,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Always remember that just a verb-ing word that is NOT preceded by any helping verb such as is/are/am/was/were etc. can NEVER act as a verb.

The reason is very simple. Verbs have three basic properties:

i. Tense - Past, Present, or Future
ii. Number - Singular or Plural
iii. Voice - Active or Passive

If I ask you to take a good look at the word contributing, will you be able to tell me the tense, the number or the voice of this word? I am sure not.

Now look at the following simple sentences:

1. She was preparing dinner when I visited her last night.

2. They are going to the rock concert.

Now if I ask you the same question about the above-mentioned example sentence, then you will surly be able to answer.

In sentence 1. was preparing is a past continuous/progressive tense verb that is singular in number. The verb is in active voice.

Similarly, in sentence 2, are going is a plural verb in present continuous/progressive tense. This again is an active voice verb.

Takeaway: A verb-ing word can NEVER act as a verb on its own unless preceded by a helping verb.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2017, 10:26

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