GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 Oct 2019, 16:58

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The public in the United States has in the past been

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Jan 2010
Posts: 89
GPA: 4
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
The public in the United States has in the past been  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2012, 20:37
4
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:54) correct 41% (01:59) wrong based on 312 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The public in the United States has in the past been conditioned to support a substantial defense budget by the threat of confrontation with the Eastern bloc. Now that that threat is dissolving, along with the Eastern bloc itself, it is doubtful whether the public can be persuaded to support an adequate defense budget.
Which one of the following indicates a weakness in the position expressed above?
(A) It presupposes that public opinion can be manipulated indefinitely, without the public’s becoming aware of that manipulation.
(B) It refers to past and present events that do not have a causal connection with public support of the budget.
(C) It assumes as fact what it seeks to establish by reasoning.
(D) It fails to give any reason for the judgment it reaches.
(E) It hinges on the term “adequate,” the precise meaning of which requires reevaluation in the new context.

_________________
-If you like my post, consider giving KUDOS
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 300
Re: Flaw in the reasoning  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2012, 12:15
6
First off, I think it is important to note that the “flavor” of this question is slightly different from what you’ll see on the GMAT. Notice that the answer choices speak very abstractly about the prompt.

For instance, (C) and (D) challenge the argument at a general level, alluding to anything specific in the prompt. It turns out that the answer (E), only references two words from the entire prompt. That is not to say this question is unhelpful – you must still use critical reasoning skills.


(A) INCORRECT The word ‘condition’ suggests that the ‘public’s opinion’ is being manipulated. However, the prompt mentions that “it is doubtful whether the public can be persuaded,” which implies that the public cannot be manipulated/conditioned in its opinion of defense budget spending.
(B) INCORRECT The past and present events, which refers to the diminished threat from the Eastern bloc, does have a causal connection.
(C) INCORRECT The argument seeks to prove that is doubtful whether the public will support an adequate budget. The argument states that “it is doubtful”, showing that it does not assume as fact that the public will not support adequate spending on defense.
(D) INCORRECT The argument clearly gives a reason for the public’s unwillingness to support defense spending – diminished threat from the Eastern bloc.
(E) CORRECT The prompt argues the threat from the Eastern bloc led to the public’s support of a substantial defense budget. With the threat gone, the public is no longer willing to support an adequate defense budget.

Notice how the argument switches out ‘substantial’ and ‘adequate.’ The two words are very different, so it does not follow that if the public is unwilling to spend, say 10 billion a year (a substantial amount) on a defense budget, that it is unwilling to spend two billion (an adequate amount).

The wording “reevaluation in a new context” refers to the change in threat from the Eastern bloc.

_________________
Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Jan 2010
Posts: 89
GPA: 4
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Flaw in the reasoning  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2012, 09:01
Posting the answer never helps anybody. Please post your reasoning behind it.
_________________
-If you like my post, consider giving KUDOS
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 995
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Re: Flaw in the reasoning  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2012, 16:23
1
+1 E
_________________
"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings
VP
VP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1492
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The public in the United States has in the past been  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2017, 02:06
Ones can use POE method to find that E is correct.
A is out of scope.
D is wrong because there is no judgement or argument, hence reasons are not needed.
B is incorrect because the past event has the causal relationship with the budget.
C is not the winner as there is no fact being assumed by the author.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 6002
Re: The public in the United States has in the past been  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2019, 11:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The public in the United States has in the past been   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2019, 11:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The public in the United States has in the past been

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne