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# The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both

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The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2005, 08:07
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The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 15 Sep 2013, 21:53, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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31 Dec 2005, 09:07
I choose C too.

Can someone explain why E isn't right, please?
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31 Dec 2005, 09:48
gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

A - 'it'?
B - 'it'?
C - Good
D - 'by means of' is wordy, 'through' is better.
E - wordy. usage of 'latter' is concise, also "due to" is wrong, "due to" is used to mean "attributable to", "through dream" is best.
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04 Jan 2006, 08:57
Im not too clear on why D isnt right, when compared to C.

C is more concise, but isnt the right way to say it 'direct contact....' as in D, rather than '...directly through' ?

Boy, studying for this GMAT is going to make me go crazy.
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05 Jan 2006, 08:27
gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

what does "it" refer to??? this is a pronoun reference questions

A and B is out for sure because they have pronoun reference error

D, by means of is wordy and uneccessary compared to C
samething as E, uneccessary wordiness

C is the winner
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10 Sep 2007, 17:27
gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

I choose D. Even though option D seems wordy at first sight, it uses "direct" in the right place and right sense, to modify "contact".

Directly in choice C is misplaced.
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11 Sep 2007, 11:31
and to split fine hairs,
"I have made contact with GMAC directly through mail" - means there was also an "indirect" option other than mailing.
"I have made direct contact with GMAC" takes out that slight ambiguity in meaning.
Hope that helps.
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14 Sep 2007, 00:02
Same problem.

I was down to C and D.

Preferred "through" in C over "by means of" in D.
Preferred "direct contact" in D over "contact directly" in C

And picked C. One of those 50-50 ones.
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Re: help me to identify the area for improvement [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2011, 10:52
A. contact with it directly with - redundant and the ''it'' fails to specify
B. direct contact with it by way of - good one but again ''it'' fails
C. contact with the last directly through - the use of ''last'' does not exactly specify - mystical level of reality
D. direct contact with the latter by means of - simple direct and the use of ''latter'' helps us know that it is the mystical reality that we talk about
E. contact directly with the mystical level due to - ' claimed to contact directly' does not sound proper

Ans - D
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2012, 22:43
the-quechuans-believed-that-all-things-participated-in-both-25102-20.html
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2012, 15:59
Thanks for the link, went for D, confirmed
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 18:26
Can someone please explain if way of as in B is unidiomatic? Many thanks
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 18:31
Answer is D. B has pronoun antecedent problem.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2013, 09:40
correct answer is D. now why C is wrong.
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

directly through in C means Quechuans are in contact directly via dream which is incorrect. but they are in direct contact via dream which is correctly stated in D.

hope this helps.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 12:47
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rakeshd347 wrote:
shikhar wrote:
812. The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through======
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

Any gramatical flaw that i might be missing ???

A and B are out because "it" is ambiguous.
E is too wordy and awkward.
Between C and D I will go with C because D is again wordy.

@rakeshd347
Very small different between C & D.

C is wrong because:

(1) "direct contact" vs "have contact directly"
You need an adjective to modify "contact". In C, directly is an adverb that modifies verb "have". C changes the meaning. "direct contact" is correct.

(2)"through" vs "by"
If you want to talk about "direct" result, "by" is better. For instance:
My house was destroyed BY the earthquake. (direct result)
His house was rebuilt THROUGH the help of his friends. (indirect result)

Hope it helps you a little bit.

Regards.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 08:24
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The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(B) direct contact with it by way of -> -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(C) contact with the latter directly through

(D) direct contact with the latter by means of

(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to -> Due to cannot modify the verb "claimed".

Now claimed to have a contact -> claimed is the verb and contact is the noun.
So we cannot have an adverb modifying a noun -> "directly" is an adverb
We need "direct" which is an adjective modifying noun - "contact" . Hence D)

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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2015, 23:23
kinjiGC wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(B) direct contact with it by way of -> -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(C) contact with the latter directly through

(D) direct contact with the latter by means of

(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to -> Due to cannot modify the verb "claimed".

Now claimed to have a contact -> claimed is the verb and contact is the noun.
So we cannot have an adverb modifying a noun -> "directly" is an adverb
We need "direct" which is an adjective modifying noun - "contact" . Hence D)

Kinjal Da,

Great post. Just 1 doubt. Adverbs are very flexible and can be placed little far away from the verb. so in this case how do we determins?
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 03:20
An adverb should always come between auxiliary verb and main very.
Left out with options B and D, now 'it' in option be is ambiguous. Hence, D is the answer...

I hope it helps...

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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 04:14
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Just one thing: In C, 'directly' is an adverb that should be modifying a verb, perhaps 'have contact'
Actually, we have only an infinitive ' to have contact ', which is not a true verb but a verbal. Normally, you find a modifier close to what it modifies and even this so-called verb is far removed from its modifier adverb and to that extent, this clause has a word- order problem.
On the contrary, D is just plain forward with a noun modified by its adjective just in front. So D.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 13:10
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both   [#permalink] 14 May 2017, 13:10

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