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The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro

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The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 02:28
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:37) correct 18% (00:52) wrong based on 269 sessions

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Hi,

Kindly help me understand this question!

The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree groves, which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill the trees.

a) which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill
b) which not only caused the fruit to fall without ripening, but also threatened killing
c) not only causing the fruit to fall before ripening, but also threatening to kill
d) causing the fruit to fall before it will ripen, which will threaten killing
e) causing the fruit to have fallen before it ripened, which threatened to kill
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by AdmitJA on 30 Jul 2014, 07:47, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 03:06
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only option C is correct.

Eliminate A and B as which is used incorrectly here.

D and E are a bit tricky here as Verb+ing is used to explain the result for an action performed by the subject but which is again used incorrectly in both the options D and E.

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 03:43
Hey Sisir,

Appreciate your prompt response. I was stuck between choices B and C and chose B because it looked parallel while C didn't. Please help me understand why you chose C over B and elaborate on the wrong usage of 'which'?

Thanks

sisir wrote:
only option C is correct.

Eliminate A and B as which is used incorrectly here.

D and E are a bit tricky here as Verb+ing is used to explain the result for an action performed by the subject but which is again used incorrectly in both the options D and E.

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 05:14
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joseph0alexander wrote:
Please help me understand why you chose C over B and elaborate on the wrong usage of 'which'?

which always modifies the nearest grammatically eligible word. So, in A and B, which modifies orange-tree groves, suggesting that orange-tree groves caused the fruit to fall; however, from the context, it is clear that flooding of drainage canals caused the fruit to fall.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the usage of which and that, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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the rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree groves, which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill the trees.

Meaning :
It is causal statement,
Cause -> The rain has flooded Canal in many Orange tree groves.
Effect -> Caused Fruit to Fall prematurely and Threatened to kill tree.

Sentence of the structure "Cause + "," + "Ving Modifier" " Is one of the best way to present cause and effect.

Error Analysis :
1. Relative Pronoun "Which", refers to Groves -- Making the meaning as "Groves caused the effect, instead of Flooded Canals"
2. "before it will ripen" - It is an awkward construction. Tense makes no sense, Fruit fallen in past, and "will Ripen" is indicating future tense. Illogical Tense sequence.

POE
a) which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill
Incorrect - Explained Above

b) which not only caused the fruit to fall without ripening, but also threatened killing
Incorrect - Which Refers to Groves

c) not only causing the fruit to fall before ripening, but also threatening to kill
Not Only X, but also Y - Idiom Is perfect.
"Causing the fruit to fell" and "Threatening to Kill" both are parallel
Correct

d) causing the fruit to fall before it will ripen, which will threaten killing
"It will Ripen " Tense error as discussed above.
"Which" - which is referring to what, it should refer to Preceding noun, So can we assume "Fruit" Even if we break the rule and assume this, still the sentence will be illogical and meaning less.
Incorrect

e) causing the fruit to have fallen before it ripened, which threatened to kill
Incorrect "Which"
"to have fallen" - Present tense referring to something happened in past.

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 19:39
AdmitJA wrote:
Hi,

Kindly help me understand this question!

The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree groves, which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill the trees.

a) which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill
b) which not only caused the fruit to fall without ripening, but also threatened killing
c) not only causing the fruit to fall before ripening, but also threatening to kill
d) causing the fruit to fall before it will ripen, which will threaten killing
e) causing the fruit to have fallen before it ripened, which threatened to kill


not only x but y

C

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 23:15
took 50 Sec to choose option C.
POE is very easy.
A,B,D,E - Which is incorrectly used.

Experts... Correct If I am wrong

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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 14:19
AdmitJA wrote:
Hi,

Kindly help me understand this question!

The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree groves, which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill the trees.

a) which has caused the fruit to fall before it will ripen and also threatened to kill
b) which not only caused the fruit to fall without ripening, but also threatened killing
c) not only causing the fruit to fall before ripening, but also threatening to kill
d) causing the fruit to fall before it will ripen, which will threaten killing
e) causing the fruit to have fallen before it ripened, which threatened to kill



In a,b,d,e there are too many errors, some of which are highlighted in red.
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Re: The rain has flooded drainage canals in many orange-tree gro   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2017, 14:19
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