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# The range of companies offering different versions of the same product

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 08:36
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:44) correct 25% (01:59) wrong based on 350 sessions

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The range of companies offering different versions of the same product is immense compared to what it once was. Because of this competition, many companies offer low quality products, preferring to sell more by demanding lower prices. To spend less, consumers buy the cheaper products which last for shorter periods of time, only to be disposed of and replaced by other cheap products. It can be deduced that companies that create products of an inferior quality do not contribute to the strength of the economy.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

A. Managing the waste caused by the repeated disposal of products costs governments dearly.

B. There are many factors that can affect the strength of an economy.

C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

D. Products that are not relatively cheap do not necessarily last for longer than those that are.

E. Companies that produce low quality products are not interested in the loyalty of consumers to their specific brand.

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Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 09:34
1
Option C
This is the only one that talks about the affect on economy mentioned in the passage

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The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2018, 06:48
1
This question can be solved easily using the

Logical

approach, as all we need to do is follow the logical structure of the argument.
We are told of a factor (companies creating inferior products leads sutlers to buy the same product many times), and then of a conclusion (companies creating inferior product don't help the economy's strength), which doesn't automatically derive from this factor. The assumption must be that this factor leads to this conclusion: C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

Logical structure:
a - company creates inferior products
b - consumers buy the same product repeatedly
c - the economy's strength isn't helped

argument:
a ==> b
conclusion:
a ==> c

What's missing here is the assumption that b ==> c (meaning that buying inferior products doesn't help the economy), as this means a ==> b ==> c
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Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 07:57
IMO the answer should be C. Only this option when negated, completely breaks down the conclusion. That is exactly tha answer we are looking for.
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Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2018, 01:09
DavidTutorexamPAL wrote:
This question can be solved easily using the

Logical

approach, as all we need to do is follow the logical structure of the argument.
We are told of a factor (companies creating inferior products leads sutlers to buy the same product many times), and then of a conclusion (companies creating inferior product don't help the economy's strength), which doesn't automatically derive from this factor. The assumption must be that this factor leads to this conclusion: C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

Logical structure:
a - company creates inferior products
b - consumers buy the same product repeatedly
c - the economy's strength isn't helped

argument:
a ==> b
conclusion:
a ==> c

What's missing here is the assumption that b ==> c (meaning that buying inferior products doesn't help the economy), as this means a ==> b ==> c

How to get rid of option A, David? I think A and C both can be assumed, but C is more closer to premise that is why C is correct.
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Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2018, 01:24
QZ wrote:
DavidTutorexamPAL wrote:
This question can be solved easily using the

Logical

approach, as all we need to do is follow the logical structure of the argument.
We are told of a factor (companies creating inferior products leads sutlers to buy the same product many times), and then of a conclusion (companies creating inferior product don't help the economy's strength), which doesn't automatically derive from this factor. The assumption must be that this factor leads to this conclusion: C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

Logical structure:
a - company creates inferior products
b - consumers buy the same product repeatedly
c - the economy's strength isn't helped

argument:
a ==> b
conclusion:
a ==> c

What's missing here is the assumption that b ==> c (meaning that buying inferior products doesn't help the economy), as this means a ==> b ==> c

How to get rid of option A, David? I think A and C both can be assumed, but C is more closer to premise that is why C is correct.

QZ
Why do you think A is closer to a premise?
A could be true - in other words, if A is true, that could help explain the conclusion.
But that's now what we are asked! To say that something is an assumption is to say that it must be true - and that's simply not the case for A. there could be lots of other reasons that the inferior products don't help the economy that have nothing to do with waste. C is far more general, and simply says that -for whatever reason - the purchasing doesn't help. This is definitely true, because it is what the conclusion assumes (as explained in my above explanation.
Is this clear now?
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Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2018, 22:56
2
Bunuel wrote:
The range of companies offering different versions of the same product is immense compared to what it once was. Because of this competition, many companies offer low quality products, preferring to sell more by demanding lower prices. To spend less, consumers buy the cheaper products which last for shorter periods of time, only to be disposed of and replaced by other cheap products. It can be deduced that companies that create products of an inferior quality do not contribute to the strength of the economy.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

A. Managing the waste caused by the repeated disposal of products costs governments dearly.

B. There are many factors that can affect the strength of an economy.

C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

D. Products that are not relatively cheap do not necessarily last for longer than those that are.

E. Companies that produce low quality products are not interested in the loyalty of consumers to their specific brand.

I narrowed it down to A. and C.

A says, managing the waste caused by the repeated disposal of products costs governments dearly. Negating A implies that repeated disposal doesn't cost the government dearly. Okay, but the argument still stands that companies that create products of an inferior quality do not contribute to the strength of the economy. A is out.

C says, repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy. On negation the argument falls apart. If the consumer behavior affects the economy positively, it means the companies contribute to the strength of the economy. C is the answer!
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Joined: 26 Nov 2016
Posts: 15
Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 22:24
blueviper wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
The range of companies offering different versions of the same product is immense compared to what it once was. Because of this competition, many companies offer low quality products, preferring to sell more by demanding lower prices. To spend less, consumers buy the cheaper products which last for shorter periods of time, only to be disposed of and replaced by other cheap products. It can be deduced that companies that create products of an inferior quality do not contribute to the strength of the economy.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

A. Managing the waste caused by the repeated disposal of products costs governments dearly.

B. There are many factors that can affect the strength of an economy.

C. The repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy.

D. Products that are not relatively cheap do not necessarily last for longer than those that are.

E. Companies that produce low quality products are not interested in the loyalty of consumers to their specific brand.

I narrowed it down to A. and C.

A says, managing the waste caused by the repeated disposal of products costs governments dearly. Negating A implies that repeated disposal doesn't cost the government dearly. Okay, but the argument still stands that companies that create products of an inferior quality do not contribute to the strength of the economy. A is out.

C says, repeated purchasing of a product by the same consumer does not positively affect an economy. On negation the argument falls apart. If the consumer behavior affects the economy positively, it means the companies contribute to the strength of the economy. C is the answer!

Re: The range of companies offering different versions of the same product &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jul 2018, 22:24
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