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# The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon threatens the entire planet

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Intern
Joined: 27 May 2012
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GMAT Date: 05-17-2012
The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2012, 11:51
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Hi all,

This question is from CR Bible and they gave the answer as well regarding what are premise and conclusion. But I am not convinced. So can anyone please help me in explaining this?
Kindly figure out the premise and conclusion in the argument below and explain also.

"The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon threatens the entire planet. Consequently, we must take immediate steps to convince the Brazilian government
that planned development projects need to be curtailed for the simple reason that these development projects will greatly accelerate the loss of currently protected land"

Also, is it possible to have more than one conclusion in any argument like multiple premises?

Thanks,
FKA

Edit: Write clearly the title relate to the argument

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02 Jul 2012, 12:49
There may be several premises and conclusions in an argument but the multiple conclusion arguments has a final conclusion, it's just that the conclusion stated before th final conclusion plays the role of another premise.
Final conclusion:-we must take immediate steps to convince the Brazilian government.
Rest is premise.
Look for keywords,when an author says something, suggests, or ordered in an argument its considered as a conclusion as we already have learnt that a conclusion starts with a because, therefore etc... (must refer Kaplan premier )
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Re: The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2012, 19:19
Conclusion = Consequently, we must take immediate steps to convince the Brazilian government
that planned development projects need to be curtailed

Premise = (1) The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon threatens the entire planet + (2) for the simple reason that these development projects will greatly accelerate the loss of currently protected land.
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Re: The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2012, 11:00
MyFutureMyProspects wrote:
Also, is it possible to have more than one conclusion in any argument like multiple premises?
hi FKA,

This is a very interesting question. The answer is, yes and no.

If it's an argument, then it has a single conclusion. There is one, main point that the author is making.

However, the evidence and premises supporting that conclusion can take many forms--statistical data, opinion, or sometimes, other arguments. And those arguments, offered in support of the authors primary conclusion, will in turn have their own sub-conclusions, sub-premises, and (sometimes) sub-assumptions.

For example, consider the following flawed logic: "Owning giraffes is illegal. All giraffes are yellow with spots, and your pet fluffy is yellow with spots, so it's clearly a giraffe. You're breaking the law." The conclusion in this case is that you are breaking the law, based on the premise that you own a giraffe which is illegal. However, the reason that I think you own a giraffe is an argument itself. Since the secondary argument is based on a classic flaw of formal logic, the support for my main conclusion is undermined, and in all likelihood you are not breaking the anti-giraffe laws.

You'll see these from time to time on regular Critical Reasoning prompts, but not terribly often. However, this type of structure shows up all the time on bold statement question. A typical answer choice to the question "which of the following describes the role of the boldface sentence in the author's argument" might go, "the first is the author's main conclusion and the second is a subsidiary conclusion supporting the main conclusion." Your job would be to figure out if that was an accurate summation.
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Re: The rapid diminishment of the ecosystem of the Amazon   [#permalink] 03 Jul 2012, 11:00
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