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# The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al

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The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 02:10
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:41) correct 48% (01:49) wrong based on 126 sessions

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The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon"

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them.

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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2020, 00:21

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

CORRECT

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

This answer choice is stylistically flawed. Using both The reason and is because in the same sentence is redundant.

What help us identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign: The reason + because

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon"

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The relative clause which they call "Babylon" is non-defining. Simply put, this means that even if we leave it out, the sentence can still be understood.

In non-defining relative clauses, who/which may not be replaced with that.

In addition, the word that (when used as a relative pronoun) cannot appear after a comma. In this, that is different from other relative pronouns, which can follow a comma or not follow a comma (except which, that must follow a comma).

What helps us identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign: who, which, that, whose, whom

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Replacing the concise phrase they consider such drinking with the longer, wordier phrase such drinking is considered by them to be creates redundancy.

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Replacing the concise phrase which they call "Babylon" with the longer, wordier phrase which is called "Babylon" by them creates redundancy.
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 02:50
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The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" – The best choice

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" – the reason and because re redundant

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon" – --One cannot use a comma before ‘that’

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" --- considered by them to be is unidiomatic

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them. – Nothing wrong except that the use of passive voice is out of style.
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The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Apr 2020, 19:48
The reason
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Originally posted by lnm87 on 08 Apr 2020, 07:22.
Last edited by lnm87 on 12 Apr 2020, 19:48, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 14:52
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Quote:
The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon"

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them.

notes: "reason" and "because" in same sent is redundant; "which" is used to mod the preceding noun, and introduce a non-essential modifier; "that" is used for essential modifiers, and without the comma on the gmat.

Ans (A)
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 20:30
1
ANS A

The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon"

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" Active construction required

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them.
Active construction requried
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 22:12
The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking alcoholic beverages as improper is that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon".

A. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon"

B. because they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" because is incorrect because the sentence already begins with the reason. hence eliminate B

C. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, that they call "Babylon" the use of that in the later sentence is incorrect it should be non essential which. eliminate C

D. that such drinking is considered by them to be a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which they call "Babylon" IMO D it removes the ambiguity and gives clear and concise meaning to sentence

E. that they consider such drinking a tool used to confuse people in modern society, which is called "Babylon" by them. passive voice is used instead of active hence incorrect
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 23:42
1
Ans:A

a)correct
b)using both reason and because-redundancy
c)using , before that is wrong. , which they call "Babylon" is correct as this information is not a necessary information.
d)passive construction.wordy
e)which they call "Babylon" is more preferable.
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Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2020, 18:30
After eliminating "passive vs active" (option D&E) and redundancy (option B), we are left with A&C

The key identifier is "that vs which"

"which" modifies immediate pronoun "modern society", while "that" can modify "modern society" or "drinking".

Intended meaning is that the 'Babylon was referred as modern society' not 'drinking'. Hence Option A
Re: The reason that members of the Rastafarian movement regard drinking al   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2020, 18:30