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# The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market

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Intern
Joined: 13 Mar 2006
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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2006, 07:24
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (00:35) correct 15% (00:54) wrong based on 562 sessions

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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market were much the same as that behind last week's rally: a surge in the economy to a 5.6% annual growth rate and improved corporate earnings balanced by the lack of signs of inflationary pressure.
A. that
B. those
C. what was
D. for that
E. they wre
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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2016, 11:58
3
1
3
AnotherGmater wrote:
While comparing using "As", don't we need a clause followed by "as"? Here, according to OA, it doesn't seem like a clause preceded with "As".

Can you please help me understand whether there is a gap in my understanding of the concept as a whole or of the problem at hand?

You seem to be confused between two different usages of "as".

For comparing, "as" can be used either as a conjunction or as a preposition.

"As" as a conjunction: In this case the comparison is made between two clauses.
I am sick as you are.

"As" as a preposition: In this case two nouns are compared (generally in the idiomatic form X same as Y)
The reasons that.... are same as those.... option B - "reasons" compared with "those" ("reasons").
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Location: United States
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2013, 22:07
23
5
The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market were much the same as that behind last week's rally: a surge in the economy to a 5.6% annual growth rate and improved corporate earnings balanced by the lack of signs of inflationary pressure.

A. that
Wrong. Not parallel. The intended meaning is that "the reasons (plural) for X were much the same as "those" (the reasons) behind Y.

B. those
Correct. The reasons || those ("those" refers to "the reasons")

C. what was
Wrong. "the reasons for X" and "what was behind Y" are not parallel.

D. for that
Wrong.
- "for" is redundant. The correct structure is: the reasons (plural) for X were much the same as forthose behind Y
- "that" <== singular. Wrong.

E. they were
Wrong.
- Pronoun problem: if you use "they", you repeat the same subject "the reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market" <== That's wrong, because "the reasons for X" and "the reasons behind Y" are different. (You only use "they" if you repeat the same subject)
- Parallelism problem: "The reasons for X" and "they were" are not parallel. Technically, the noun phrases before and after "were much the same" - comparative phrase - must parallel.

Hope it helps.
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 833
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2006, 07:27
1
B for me

Reasons are plural, so we need "those"

E IMO has a concision problem... you can put "those" and make it crisp and clear with 1 word
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 681
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 17:43
1
foolbox wrote:
The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market were much the same as that behind last week's rally: a surge in the economy to a 5.6% annual growth rate and improved corporate earnings balanced by the lack of signs of inflationary pressure.
A. that
B. those
C. what was
D. for that
E. they wre

the same has two meaning, to refer to the same thing or to refer to like thing. each meaning has different usage. look at the dictionary to see
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Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2016, 11:38
While comparing using "As", don't we need a clause followed by "as"? Here, according to OA, it doesn't seem like a clause preceded with "As".

Can you please help me understand whether there is a gap in my understanding of the concept as a whole or of the problem at hand?
Intern
Joined: 20 Aug 2017
Posts: 4
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 09:55
Cannot understand why E is wrong. Plz explain..
Director
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2018, 10:35
foolbox wrote:
The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market were much the same as that behind last week's rally: a surge in the economy to a 5.6% annual growth rate and improved corporate earnings balanced by the lack of signs of inflationary pressure.
A. that
B. those
C. what was
D. for that
E. they wre

sayantanc2k wrote:
AnotherGmater wrote:
While comparing using "As", don't we need a clause followed by "as"? Here, according to OA, it doesn't seem like a clause preceded with "As".

Can you please help me understand whether there is a gap in my understanding of the concept as a whole or of the problem at hand?

You seem to be confused between two different usages of "as".

For comparing, "as" can be used either as a conjunction or as a preposition.

"As" as a conjunction: In this case the comparison is made between two clauses.
I am sick as you are.

"As" as a preposition: In this case two nouns are compared (generally in the idiomatic form X same as Y)
The reasons that.... are same as those.... option B - "reasons" compared with "those" ("reasons").

egmat GMATNinja

Could some expert please explain why B is correct even though it's missing a clause after "as"? I believe that "as" is always followed by a clause when we're doing a comparison, as mentioned in egmat 's article (https://gmatclub.com/forum/as-vs-like-c ... 33950.html). B just has a noun (i.e. those) and doesn't have a verb. I believe that when AS is used for comparison, verb is not allowed to be omitted (i.e. ellipsis), so AS should always be followed by a Noun + Verb. Is that correct?

From sayantanc2k 's post, I see that there's an idiom usage here: "X same as Y". I believe we're allowed ellipsis in Y only for that idiom but we can't have ellipsis whenever "as" is being used for comparison in other cases?

pqhai wrote:
B. those
Correct. The reasons || those ("those" refers to "the reasons")

E. they were
Wrong.
- Pronoun problem: if you use "they", you repeat the same subject "the reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market" <== That's wrong, because "the reasons for X" and "the reasons behind Y" are different. (You only use "they" if you repeat the same subject)
- Parallelism problem: "The reasons for X" and "they were" are not parallel. Technically, the noun phrases before and after "were much the same" - comparative phrase - must parallel.

Hope it helps.

When we use pronouns, do they refer to just the noun or "noun+noun modifier" if the noun is followed by a modifier? For example, in E, would "they" be referring to "reasons" or "reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market"?

I know we use "those" for a new copy. Since the original sentence says "much the same", would the usage of "they" (i.e. used to refer to same copy) be incorrect?

Thanks!
Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2017
Posts: 17
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2018, 03:16
GMATNinja egmat broall
Please explain why is E wrong?
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Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 12:32
2
saurabhbhargava wrote:
GMATNinja egmat broall
Please explain why is E wrong?

Just providing my ideas,
there are some idiomatic usage of AS which I think we should memorize.
I just copy them from MGMAT SC book.
1- X Acts As Y
2- X is the Same As Y
3- As X,So Y
4- Such As Y (example)
5- Think Of X As Y
6- View X As Y
7- Regard X As Y
In all of the above structures, X and Y should be parallel (logically & grammatically). In this specific question, structure number 2 has been used.
In this question, X is "The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market" which is a noun phrase.
and Y should be another noun to be parallel with it.
Intern
Joined: 19 Dec 2018
Posts: 45
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2018, 04:26
"As" as a preposition: In this case two nouns are compared (generally in the idiomatic form X same as Y)
“The reasons that.... are same as those....” option B - "reasons" compared with "those" ("reasons").
Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2019
Posts: 50
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2019, 22:02
"As" as a preposition: In this case two nouns are compared (generally in the idiomatic form X same as Y)
“The reasons that.... are same as those....” option B - "reasons" compared with "those" ("reasons").
Intern
Joined: 02 Mar 2019
Posts: 29
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2019, 04:22
its a GMAT Prep question. please tag it
Intern
Joined: 06 Mar 2018
Posts: 45
Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2019, 01:17
I thought just "This, These, Those" are not to be used in place of nouns.
They can be used as adjectives, such as Those reasons, these cars...

Can someone clarify?
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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2019, 02:47
1
jkbk1732 wrote:
I thought just "This, These, Those" are not to be used in place of nouns.
They can be used as adjectives, such as Those reasons, these cars...

Hi jkbk1732, that/those can be used as as in place of nouns. In fact, this is a very common usage in GMAT, especially in comparison sentences.

Peter's car is more expensive than that of his brother.
- that correctly refers to car.

Michael's houses are dearer than those of his sister.
- those correctly refers to houses.

Note that in such a usage, that can only refer to singular nouns, while those can only refer to plural nouns.

Also note that this usage of that is different from the usage of that as a relative pronoun, wherein that can refer to both singular and plural nouns.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the avatars of “that”. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
Attachments

Avatars of that.pdf [245.5 KiB]

_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT-99th Percentile, MBA - ISB Hyderabad
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2019, 02:47
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