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The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway

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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2016, 12:19
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sowragu wrote:
(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

Can some one help me in understanding what's wrong with B, regarding the usage of Along with.

I eliminated C since I felt its not parallel.

In Choice C - "Government control enroute as well as by the delayed response" - Felt that the use of prepositional phrase "by" makes the sentence not parallel. Can some one kindly help me in understanding this?


It is very difficult to identify the parallel elements here. Actually C has correct parallelism because of the usage of by, and B has faulty parallelism because of the absence of by!

Option C.
Traffic jams are caused by X as well as by Y.
X = a spurt in traffic, Y = delayed response.
Traffic jams are caused by 2 things: 1. a spurt in traffic, 2. a delayed response
Usage of by is required to express this parallelism.

Option B is wrong not because of the use of along with, but because of the missing preposition by. In option B it appears as though the illegal trade has flourished due to 2 things: lack of govt control, 2. delayed response.The wrong meaning is conveyed by this faulty parallelism.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2016, 07:07
lnarayanan wrote:
A) - right ams
B) verb( was caused by ) - wrong
C) verb( was caused by ) - wrong
D) traffic jam by illegal trade as well as delay in repairing - have caused - wrong
E) traffic jam by illegal trade as well as delay in repairing - were( was ) the cause - wrong

My ans - A)

I think "Was" here is for spate and not for "jams"
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2016, 08:33
Sandeep_810 wrote:
lnarayanan wrote:
A) - right ams
B) verb( was caused by ) - wrong
C) verb( was caused by ) - wrong
D) traffic jam by illegal trade as well as delay in repairing - have caused - wrong
E) traffic jam by illegal trade as well as delay in repairing - were( was ) the cause - wrong

My ans - A)

I think "Was" here is for spate and not for "jams"


Absolutely - "was" is the right verb for singular subject "spate". In fact C is the OA.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 00:56
The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains


(A) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(D) A spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly have caused the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


(E) Heavy truck movement carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as the delayed response by the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly were the cause of the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


I hope now it is clear why C is answer . took 3 minutes to identify the answer after narrowing down to ABC :) . I suppose finding subject-verb pair is really really important in almost every question.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 04:25
PiyushK wrote:
all answer choices are wrong.

1. use of due to is not correct.
2. by spurt in traffic in passive voice is not correct. (refer chapter 5, MGMAT SC) better because or through would have been used rather than by.


PiyushK is right that the use of "due to," a noun modifier, is wrong in every answer choice. However, some GMAT OAs use passive voice. Style is last on the checklist of considerations, and choice C is the only one that could feasibly be correct (if we imagine "due to" was replaced by "because of") because the elements are parallel.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 13:10
daagh wrote:
The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains


(A) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(D) A spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly have caused the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


(E) Heavy truck movement carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as the delayed response by the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly were the cause of the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway



"was" is not incorrect in option C because it agrees with the subject and the mood of the sentence is not subjunctive- the subjunctive mood is a speculative and hypothetical mood - option C implies this event actually occured
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 19:20
although I got it right but it took me 5 mins.......
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 22:07
The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains


(A) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(D) A spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly have caused the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


(E) Heavy truck movement carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as the delayed response by the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly were the cause of the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway

Hi daagh,

Isn't the use of "due to" wrong here? Shouldn't we use "because of" here?

We are essentially saying that "illegal activity has flourished due to X as well as Y". The correct usage should be "illegal activity due to X as well as Y has flourished". I am very confused with this usage. Please throw some light.

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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 01:47
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Yes, certainly 'because of' is a better expression than 'due to'. However, since 'due to' is appearing in all the five choices, one might look at the other aspects of the topic and see if one can take away something.
The main intent of the topics was to unnerve test takers with monstrous verbiage but indicate that simple things like SV and fragmentation could be of much help.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 06:45
daagh wrote:
Yes, certainly 'because of' is a better expression than 'due to'. However, since 'due to' is appearing in all the five choices, one might look at the other aspects of the topic and see if one can take away something.
The main intent of the topics was to unnerve test takers with monstrous verbiage but indicate that simple things like SV and fragmentation could be of much help.


Hi daagh,
Thank you for the quick response.
Please throw some light on the below 2 doubts:

Doubt 1:
Please explain which of the following structures is parallel?

1. illegal trade due to lack of government control along with by the delayed response ...
2. illegal trade due to lack of government control as well as by the delayed response ...

Doubt 2:
Is "as well as" parallelism different from "and" parallelism?

For example,
The depreciation in rupee's value is caused by bad economic policies and demonetisation. ---> here caused by is used only once still the sentence is correct

In the similar manner is the following structure correct?
illegal trade due to lack of government control as well as the delayed response ... [Please not that contrary to the option C above, we are not using "by" after as well as]
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 06:53
daagh wrote:
Yes, certainly 'because of' is a better expression than 'due to'. However, since 'due to' is appearing in all the five choices, one might look at the other aspects of the topic and see if one can take away something.
The main intent of the topics was to unnerve test takers with monstrous verbiage but indicate that simple things like SV and fragmentation could be of much help.


Hi daagh,

I just now went through MGMAT's thread by RonPurewal,

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t5324.html

as per the explanation given by Ton on parallelism in case of "as well as" and "along with", both option B and C should be correct. In addition to this, the parallelism in option D and E is also correct.

Now I am really confused, as to why B is incorrect.

Please help.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 09:39
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IMO, it will be better to use by in both places and be safe. One doesn't lose anything by using the preposition in both places, although there are umpteen instances where the correct answer may miss the preposition in the second arm. However, I would personally prefer explicit expression rather than an ellipsis.
Maybe, it would be better to follow official guidance, when in doubt.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 10:43
daagh wrote:
IMO, it will be better to use by in both places and be safe. One doesn't lose anything by using the preposition in both places, although there are umpteen instances where the correct answer may miss the preposition in the second arm. However, I would personally prefer explicit expression rather than an ellipsis.
Maybe, it would be better to follow official guidance, when in doubt.


I understood your point. Thank you for your time.
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 11:06
daagh wrote:
The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains


(A) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(D) A spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly have caused the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


(E) Heavy truck movement carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as the delayed response by the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly were the cause of the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway



took almost 4 mins,,,,but got this one...

the traffic is caused by X as well as Y...

A is run on
E is in passive voice
B contains 'along with'
D has S-v agreemtent error...

ans C
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 19:05
daagh wrote:
The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains


(A) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(B) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing- Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute along with the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

C) The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway reportedly was caused by a spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains

(D) A spurt in traffic by heavy trucks carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as by the delayed response of the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly have caused the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


(E) Heavy truck movement carrying coal and heading to Beijing as part of the illegal trade in coal that has flourished due to lack of government control enroute as well as the delayed response by the maintenance agencies to undertake timely repairs to the roads damaged in the recent incessant rains reportedly were the cause of the recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway


Hi Daagh,
BIG FAN!! :) !

Can you please elaborate on the use of "due to" in this thread? Seems like its modifying "that has flurished"! should it not be becasue of ?
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 21:37
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Re: The recent spate of traffic jams on Beijing-Tibet highway &nbs [#permalink] 30 Sep 2017, 21:37

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