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# The record of the past is always incomplete, and the

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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2011, 03:10
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (00:45) correct 67% (01:14) wrong based on 72 sessions

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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects
the preoccupations of their own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

Could someone explain the role of the verb modifier in the right answer ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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29 Mar 2011, 08:23
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects the preoccupations of [url]their[/url] own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

because the main st used " their" > historian must be historians
we can eliminate ABC
D is wordy
E left

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29 Mar 2011, 08:35
First thing, let us decide wither it is inevitable or inevitably. Can an adjective inevitable modify a verb reflect? Plain wrong.
A, B and C are out becos of the singular historian not tallying with their in the non-underlined part. D is left
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29 Mar 2011, 08:47
Got it wrong on first go. Chose B
was not able to understand fully. the question and statements are bit garbled.

on second attempt, D looks ok
we need historians for 'their'; therefore A,B,C out.

between D & E
"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy

‘IT’ used as a PLACEHOLDER
IT is a word that doesn't refer to anything but serve a placeholder so that the sentence can express its meaning

Used rightly: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are necessary only in the South
To postpone “that clause”: As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that the workweek would continue to become shorter. . . placeholder IT has delayed the use of that clause; “that the workweek would continue to become shorter”
To postpone infinitive subjects: IT is futile To resist temptation
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29 Mar 2011, 08:59
Target 760

Quote:
between D & E

"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy

Only D has inevitably reflect; E has inevitable reflect. Is your choie of E a typo?”
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29 Mar 2011, 09:00
does "inevitable" modify "reflect" ? It seems that this adjective modifies the verb or i am wrong ?

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29 Mar 2011, 09:04
daagh wrote:
Target 760

Quote:
between D & E

"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy

Only D has inevitably reflect; E has inevitable reflect. Is your choie of E a typo?”

yes typo!

i meant; when choosing between D & E -> we can drop E, because 'inevetiable' cannot modify 'reflect' . . whereas in D, use of inevitable is correct. so i think!!
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29 Mar 2011, 12:14
+1 E

"it is inevitable...." is wordy.
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29 Mar 2011, 17:40
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

"it is inevitable...." is wordy.

Hi firend

what has wordiness got to do with the problem? concision is never a priority over grammar and meaning. Isin't 'inevitable reflect' simply wrong! it makes no sense.

target760
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29 Mar 2011, 18:50
is the OA is E or D?

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30 Mar 2011, 06:15
in my view, the correct answer is E.
The major flaw of "D" is that it fails to rightly place "historians", which is modified by "writing about it". "Historians" should be place right after "writing about it".
Any further suggestions ?

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30 Mar 2011, 07:34
Target760 wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

"it is inevitable...." is wordy.

Hi firend

what has wordiness got to do with the problem? concision is never a priority over grammar and meaning. Isin't 'inevitable reflect' simply wrong! it makes no sense.

target760

Ok, but take it easy man! I answered the question during my office hours. Gimme' a break.
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30 Mar 2011, 07:43
metallicafan wrote:
Target760 wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

"it is inevitable...." is wordy.

Hi firend

what has wordiness got to do with the problem? concision is never a priority over grammar and meaning. Isin't 'inevitable reflect' simply wrong! it makes no sense.

target760

Ok, but take it easy man! I answered the question during my office hours. Gimme' a break.

sry bro! didt mean to be rude.
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13 Aug 2011, 21:52
If OA is E.. My question is can "inevitable" modify "reflect" i.e. Can an adjective modifiy the verb??
Am I missing something here??
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14 Aug 2011, 03:52
Is there a typo in Choice E? Some other forums say 'inevitably reflect’, in which case, E is the answer. Which is the correct version? Will the original poster help us?
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14 Aug 2011, 05:00
Man i'm sure it looks like a typo here.. Otherwise i'll have to reread modifiers thinking that i'm pretty much messed them!!
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2012, 00:05
A , B n C are out Sub-Verb error
OUT of D n E, D is better
E IMO has a typo.
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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2013, 11:07
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects the preoccupations of their own time.

(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

A) incorrect because singular 'the historian' does not agree with plural 'their'
B) incorrect for the same
C) incorrect for the same
E) incorrect because 'inevitable' should function as an adverb to 'reflect'
Thats left us with only choice D.
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11 Jan 2013, 12:51
I agree. The choice E (OA) should have "inevitably", not "inevitable"
(E) historians in writing about it inevitably reflect

Choice(D) is changes the intended meaning and also grammatically incorrect.
"inevitable for historians to reflect" is nonsensical in this context.

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