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# The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an

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Director
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The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2005, 17:54
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The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an environmentally preferable alternative to the prevailing practices of incineration and of dumping in landfills. Recycling is profitable, as the recycling programs already in operation demonstrate. A state legislator proposes that communities should therefore be required to adopt recycling and to reach the target of recycling 50 percent of all solid waste within 5 years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls into question the advisability of implementing the proposal?

A) Existing recycling programs have been voluntary, with citizens participation ranging from 30% in some communities to 80% in others.

B) Existing recycling programs have been restricted to that 20% of solid waste that, when reprocessed, can match processed raw materials in quality and price.

C) Existing recycling programs have had recurrent difficulties finding purchasers for their materials usually because of quantities too small to permit cost effective pickup and transportation.

D) Some of the materials that can be recycled are the very materials that, when incinerated, produce the least pollution

E) Many of the materials that cannot be recycled are also difficult to incinerate.

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07 Nov 2005, 18:23
B.

B finds loophole in the evidence :
Recycling is profitable, as the recycling programs already in operation demonstrate.

on basis of which legislator making decision.

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VP
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07 Nov 2005, 19:01
B too
_________________

Antoine

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth
Tuck Alumni, Class of 2008

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Director
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07 Nov 2005, 20:33
can u guys further explain this one, im not sure i understand. thanks!

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07 Nov 2005, 20:33
B)

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07 Nov 2005, 23:19
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[quote="joemama142000"]The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an environmentally preferable alternative to the prevailing practices of incineration and of dumping in landfills. Recycling is profitable, as the recycling programs already in operation demonstrate. A state legislator proposes that communities should therefore be required to adopt recycling and to reach the target of recycling 50 percent of all solid waste within 5 years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls into question the advisability of implementing the proposal?

A) Existing recycling programs have been voluntary, with citizens participation ranging from 30% in some communities to 80% in others.

B) Existing recycling programs have been restricted to that 20% of solid waste that, when reprocessed, can match processed raw materials in quality and price.

C) Existing recycling programs have had recurrent difficulties finding purchasers for their materials usually because of quantities too small to permit cost effective pickup and transportation.

D) Some of the materials that can be recycled are the very materials that, when incinerated, produce the least pollution

E) Many of the materials that cannot be recycled are also difficult to incinerate.[/quote]
------
A-wrong-irrelevant. The fact that previous programs were voluntary doesn't expose a flaw in the proposal
B-Seems OK. The politician has 2 proposals. Adopt a program. Ensure 50% recycling. Both these are based on existing programs. If we can show that the nature of the existing programs is such that it calls into question the proposals, our job is done. A restriction of 20% has been put in for some reason and calls into question the 50% proposal. Also there is no evidence showing that these restrictions can be overcome in the next five years.
C-Wrong-This actually refutes the evidence that existing programs have proven profitable.
D-Wrong- Some? What about the others?
E-Irrelevant. We are not concerned with those that cannot be recycled/incinerated.

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Director
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07 Nov 2005, 23:41
Conclusion: Make recycling mandatory and to reach target of 50%

Evidence: cuz it is environmentally preferable and is profitable.

I chose C because it directly attacks the Evidence that recycling is not profitable. Wouldnt that weaken the conclusion by attacking the evidence?

I did not choose b cuz it was just weird at first glance.

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Senior Manager
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08 Nov 2005, 00:34
a) Out of scope
b) Out of scope
c) Attacks the evidence saying that recycling is profitable
d) Pollution has nothing to do with the argument
e) Out of scope

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08 Nov 2005, 00:37
joemamma, do you have the OA?

I picked C as well, but I only because that was the best option. However, I did not like the option. Here is why: since the mayor is proposing to increase recycling to 50%, it would be a fair assumption that the problems faced in C will not exist anymore.

However, the other options weren't any better.

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Director
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08 Nov 2005, 00:48
Good point. i hear ya rigger. But the answer is B.

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Senior Manager
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08 Nov 2005, 01:55
I vote for B too.
Good one.

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10 Nov 2005, 13:34
I will try my luck with C.
I can not cancel out C.

What is the OA.
_________________

hey ya......

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Re: The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an [#permalink]

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02 May 2016, 13:10
A: discussed about the recent recycling which is already positively effecting , Do we know what will happen in next 5 years . Can't say recycling is profitable or not.
B: discussed about 20% of solid waste which gives no benefit while compared with processed material.. Moreover we know nothing about the rest of 30% that upto 50% will it be profitable or not
C: quantity being so small that it does not allow cost effective method , rather can cost more every time...so that way recycling might be costly than other methods----- weakens
D: incineration is better for some materials ..what about others ..can't say anything
E: can't judge which one is better or profitable

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 03:43
123456Ritika wrote:
A: discussed about the recent recycling which is already positively effecting , Do we know what will happen in next 5 years . Can't say recycling is profitable or not.
B: discussed about 20% of solid waste which gives no benefit while compared with processed material.. Moreover we know nothing about the rest of 30% that upto 50% will it be profitable or not
C: quantity being so small that it does not allow cost effective method , rather can cost more every time...so that way recycling might be costly than other methods----- weakens
D: incineration is better for some materials ..what about others ..can't say anything
E: can't judge which one is better or profitable

Posted from my mobile device

IMO C is wrong.

If existing recycling program have led to difficulties because the quantities are small, recycling 50% is likely to increase the quantity.
So the argument would be strengthened
_________________

Cheers,
Shri
-------------------------------
GMAT is not an Exam... it is a war .. Let's Conquer !!!

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Re: The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 05:12
In Option C, it is talking about cost effectiveness due to low quantities. But if the target was to be reached in 5 years of increasing the recyclable quantity to 50%, this problem would be solved. Hence, it in a way strengthens rather than weakens the conclusion. Hope this helps!

Also, I too reached option B by POE but couldn't really make too much sense of it.

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Re: The recycling of municipal solid waste is widely seen as an   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2017, 05:12
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