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# The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi

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The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 00:33
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Question Stats:

71% (01:17) correct 29% (01:24) wrong based on 282 sessions

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The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, published a report that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions of complete poverty.

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
B) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children living on the streets in conditions
C) which demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children lives on the streets, being
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
E) which demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children lives on the streets to be

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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 03:13
IMO the answer should be D. But I have a small doubt with use of many vs much in this case. I went for many because the scentence says "as many as one..." here one looks countable to me.
Next, many should take the word 'live' as its verb.

Any suggestions?
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 03:41
Clear D.

Children is a countable noun so A and C are out immediately.

Another point of separation is the usage of which. There should be a comma before which and as it is missing we could also eliminate the option E.

From B and D it is clear that option B is missing main verb in the sentence and rather use a participle, which is wrong and the sentence is not complete because of it. one out of eight children living

After the elimination only option D left, which is a correct answer.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 05:20
gmatbusters wrote:
The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, published a report that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions of complete poverty.

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
B) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children living on the streets in conditions
C) which demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children lives on the streets, being
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
E) which demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children lives on the streets to be

Correct Answer must be (D) for the highlighted errors in other options.
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The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 06:09
The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, published a report that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions of complete poverty.

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions : incorrect as 'much' refers to uncountable noun but here the noun is countable
B) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children living on the streets in conditions : many is correct but 'living' is incorrect
C) which demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children lives on the streets, being same error as 'A', 'being' is frowned upon
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
E) which demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children lives on the streets to be incorrect

OA is d
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 06:20
gmatbusters wrote:
The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, published a report that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions of complete poverty.

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
B) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children living on the streets in conditions
C) which demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children lives on the streets, being
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
E) which demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children lives on the streets to be

Here the best answer is D, but GMAT doesn't prefer back to back two that conditions instead it prefers to + that condition ..

in this case it must be...

blah blah to demonstrate that as many as ...is more preferable condition.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2018, 02:09
how about "live" in choice D. is it right?
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2018, 05:51
Official Explanation:

Split-#.1: the split. On the one hand, there's no comma separating "report' and
suggesting that the modifier is a and the general word "report' also seems to require a vital noun
modifier for identity. At the same time, the writer might feel that the construction "report that demonstrated that" is
a little redundant. which might justify the word "which". An argument could be made either way, so this is not a clear
split.
Split #2: we are counting children, so we need "many", not "much' ;how many children?", not "how much
children?" Furthermore, the correct idiom is "as as X out of N". Choices (A) & (C) use "much', so those are
incorrect.
Splits: the word "that' after the verb "demonstrated' introduces a clause that needs a full [noun] + [verb] structure.
Choice (B) has a participle, "living", rather than a full bonafide verb, so this commits (B) is
incorrect.
Split-#4: in the idiom, "as many as one out of eight children", the subject, "many", is plural, and so we need the plural
verb "live". Choices (C) & (E) make the mistake Of using the singular verb, "lives."
Choice (D) is the only possible answer.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2018, 06:57
that VS which
As which is not preceded by ",", we can eliminate C and E.
as much as VS as many as
"as much as" is used for uncountable nouns and "as many as" is used for countable nous.
As "children" is countable, we use "as many as" instead of "as much as"
So, we can eliminate A.
live vs living
live is preferred over living. We can eliminate B.
Correct choice is D.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2018, 09:20
I agree with all explanation except one..which v/s that..

It is always not necessary to use "," before which. Here both which and that allude to report. So this is not split criterion.
In essential modifiers, comma is not used.

Please check and revert if I am wrong with explanation.
Lowkya wrote:
that VS which
As which is not preceded by ",", we can eliminate C and E.
as much as VS as many as
"as much as" is used for uncountable nouns and "as many as" is used for countable nous.
As "children" is countable, we use "as many as" instead of "as much as"
So, we can eliminate A.
live vs living
live is preferred over living. We can eliminate B.
Correct choice is D.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2019, 17:25
Issues:
(1) Essential vs Non-essential modifiers
(2) Many vs Much
(3) SV Agreement

(2) we need "many" as we can count children. Eliminate (A) and (C)
(2) many = plural; eliminate (D) ("many lives")
(3) B has no verb in the relative clause.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2019, 19:36
gmatbusters wrote:
The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, published a report that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions of complete poverty.

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
B) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children living on the streets in conditions
C) which demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children lives on the streets, being
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
E) which demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children lives on the streets to be

A) that demonstrated that as much as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions
D) that demonstrated that as many as one out of eight children live on the streets in conditions

Sometimes these options are so similar that I literally had to read this one thrice to just realise what is the difference.
Phew!
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2019, 02:51
Hey Experts,

I understand possible answer is D.

In this reference I have a small doubt it should be lives instead of live.

If I am wrong please someone correct me with genuine explanation.

Response is much appreciated.
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Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi  [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2019, 20:10
gmatbusters wrote:
Official Explanation:

Split-#.1: the split. On the one hand, there's no comma separating "report' and
suggesting that the modifier is a and the general word "report' also seems to require a vital noun
modifier for identity. At the same time, the writer might feel that the construction "report that demonstrated that" is
a little redundant. which might justify the word "which". An argument could be made either way, so this is not a clear
split.
Split #2: we are counting children, so we need "many", not "much' ;how many children?", not "how much
children?" Furthermore, the correct idiom is "as as X out of N". Choices (A) & (C) use "much', so those are
incorrect.
Splits: the word "that' after the verb "demonstrated' introduces a clause that needs a full [noun] + [verb] structure.
Choice (B) has a participle, "living", rather than a full bonafide verb, so this commits (B) is
incorrect.
Split-#4: in the idiom, "as many as one out of eight children", the subject, "many", is plural, and so we need the plural
verb "live". Choices (C) & (E) make the mistake Of using the singular verb, "lives."
Choice (D) is the only possible answer.

Hi, as many as one out of eight children is singular or not ?
could you explain please?
Re: The relief organization, after two years of fieldwork in Brazil, publi   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2019, 20:10
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