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# The report released by the interior ministry states that

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4288
The report released by the interior ministry states that [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2004, 11:26
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The report released by the interior ministry states that within the past 5 years the national land-reclamation program has created a 19 percent increase in arable land within the country. If these figures are accurate, the program has been a huge success. Senator Cox, a distinguished mathematician and a woman of brilliance, maintains, however, that the reclamation program could not possibly have been successful. Clearly, therefore, the figures cited in the report cannot be accurate.
The argument above exhibits an erroneous pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following?

A) Albert's father claims that Albert does not know where the spare car keys are hidden. Yesterday however, Albert reported that he had discovered the spare car keys in the garage toolbox, so his father's claim cannot be true.
B) Gloria's drama teacher claims that her policy is to give each student the opportunity to act in at least one play during the year but, since Gloria, who attended every class, reports that she was not given such an opportunity the teacher's claim cannot be true.
C) Amos claims that he can hold his breath under water for a full hour. Dr. Treviso, a cardiopulmonary specialist, has stated that humans are physiologically incapable of holding their breath for even half that long; so Amos' claim cannot be true.
D) Evelyn reports that she got home before midnight. Robert, who always knows the time, insists that she did not. If Robert is right, Evelyn could not possibly have listened to the late news; since she admits not having listened to the late news, her report cannot be true.
E) Moira, after observing the finish of the 60-kilometer bicycle race, reports that Lee won with Adams a distant third. Lomas, a bicycle engineering expert, insists, however, that Lee could not have won a race in which Adams competed; so Moira's report cannot be true.
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Paul

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05 Apr 2004, 11:38
C???? Where are you getting these questions from PAUL??? I am curious to know the Source
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
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Location: New York

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05 Apr 2004, 11:41
Id go with E here, C was tempting, but it is incorrect!
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05 Apr 2004, 11:45
The expert and the field in question are totally unrelated. I think E comes close and in my opinion is the best.
The choice is between C and E. In C there is some evidence but E has none provided by the expert, just like the stem.
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
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05 Apr 2004, 11:54
anandnk wrote:
The expert and the field in question are totally unrelated. I think E comes close and in my opinion is the best.
The choice is between C and E. In C there is some evidence but E has none provided by the expert, just like the stem.

Hey Anandnk, can seem to get away from this site, going back and forth between OG and here. In any case, The reason I picked E was also b/c in the steam there is an onservable fact which is refuted by the Sen. In C, the guy just makes a claim, whereas in E the pattern is the same. 60 mile race, obserable fact as well, and an opinion of the "expert." What do you think?
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05 Apr 2004, 12:15
I think that this site is indeed addicting
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Paul

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05 Apr 2004, 12:16
Yes, C seems like the contender.

E in involves a third party, Moira, who observed the race. This is different from the original argument.

Amos's claim is similar to the interior's report. Both are not particularly objective.
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Joined: 15 Mar 2004
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05 Apr 2004, 12:35
ndidi204 wrote:
Yes, C seems like the contender.

E in involves a third party, Moira, who observed the race. This is different from the original argument.

Amos's claim is similar to the interior's report. Both are not particularly objective.

Ndidi204,

How is Moira a third party??? She/He observed the race in which X & Y competed, and then Lomas offers his statement to her! The diolog is between two people, no third parties!
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Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Sep 2003
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05 Apr 2004, 12:47
Yes, my last answer was wrong.

I'll change my answer and go with E.

The reason is that in C, the cardio pulminology specialist's statement is not directly related to the argument. It sounds like a general statement he/she made. However, in E, the bicycle engineering specialist directly refutes the argument just like the mathematician did.
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05 Apr 2004, 13:47
Good job all. OA is E. C is supported by some evidence whereas E is not. Anandnk got right explanation!
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Paul

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06 Apr 2004, 06:26
Chose E...and then followed the interesting conversation between you guys...

Nice question...Keep up the good work ..Paul...!

Vivek.
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06 Apr 2004, 06:26
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