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The results of the company's cost-cutting measures..

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The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2012, 05:38
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The following question appeared in several topics before. the OA is:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
.
MY question is not about which answer is correct. My question is:

Why is it OK to use present participant ("falling")?
I have expected it to be "had fallen", since it happened 2 years ago and after it the profits got better ("increased), or in other words:
1st action (Past Perfect) ---> 2nd action (Past Simple) ---> PRESENT.


The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
a. which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell
b. which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen
c. which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling
d. with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling
e. with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2012, 06:25
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1. The pronoun ‘it’ has no locus standi here; we should say ‘they’ since the pronoun refers to the plural profits – A and B gone

2. The fall in profits is not a one-time affair that happened at a specific time two years ago. It has been falling for the past two years. Therefore, it might be right to use a present perfect or a present participle rather than a past perfect, since we do not have a bonafide simple past tense to intervene between the past perfect and the present tense of the text.

3. However, the problem in D and E is one of modification. The prepositional phrase - with a five percent increase- modifies the subject ‘the results’ rather than the profits This is wrong becos it is the profits that have gone up. It is illogical to say that the results went up 5%.

4. That is the reason C wins, by using the relative pronoun ‘which’
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2013, 02:05
daagh wrote:
1. The pronoun ‘it’ has no locus standi here; we should say ‘they’ since the pronoun refers to the plural profits – A and B gone

2. The fall in profits is not a one-time affair that happened at a specific time two years ago. It has been falling for the past two years. Therefore, it might be right to use a present perfect or a present participle rather than a past perfect, since we do not have a bonafide simple past tense to intervene between the past perfect and the present tense of the text.

3. However, the problem in D and E is one of modification. The prepositional phrase - with a five percent increase- modifies the subject ‘the results’ rather than the profits This is wrong becos it is the profits that have gone up. It is illogical to say that the results went up 5%.

4. That is the reason C wins, by using the relative pronoun ‘which’


How the prepositional phrase "with a five percent increase" modifies the subject "the results" and not "profits".
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2013, 05:56
How the prepositional phrase "with a five percent increase" modifies the subject "the results" and not "profits".[/quote]

Hey there, it is actually modifying profits and not the results - that is what is the intended meaning of the sentence.

Think about it this way - can measures increase in %? No it cannot. But can profits increase in % - of course it can...

Hope this helps
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2013, 07:05
We have to read choices D and E together with the comma after profits. A prepositional modifiers set off by a comma is an adverbial modifier, referring to either the subject or the entire clause. But we do not want that. We want something to modify the profits, done best by modifiers such as which or that; that is the reason C wins
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2013, 18:45
Guys ,

I have a small doubt . I picked 'C' because Profits are plural and 'Which have' is best one than 'Which had'. But , when to use 'have +v3' and 'had+v3'? Is this is the issue with -plural subject or other thing? Please clarify my doubt..........
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures.. [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 23:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures..   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2017, 23:32
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