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The rising of costs of data processing operations

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The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2008, 01:23
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A
B
C
D
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The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs-> SV agreement error, costs and has don't go together

(B) Rising costs-> SV error

(C) The rising cost-> sounds good,hold it

(D) Because the rising cost-> usage of B/c is wrong

(E) Because of rising costs-> awkward usage of because


C is the OA, am I missing any methods to eliminate the options.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2008, 02:19
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prasannar wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs-> SV agreement error, costs and has don't go together

(B) Rising costs-> SV error

(C) The rising cost-> sounds good,hold it

(D) Because the rising cost-> usage of B/c is wrong

(E) Because of rising costs-> awkward usage of because


C is the OA, am I missing any methods to eliminate the options.


Looks good. I also go for C for correct SV agreement.
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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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Be very careful to indentify subjects.
The rising of costs .... is singular. Its not the costs which determine the verb, the gerund
rsising governs the verb.

Now this option is not good.Why ?

The simplest way to eliminate it is to say "The rising of costs" is wordier than "The rising cost".

I remember this question from OG, and when I had searched for the reason I also found a complex and proper explanation to eliminate it.
"The rising of costs" is not idiomatic. It should be "The raising of costs" but it changes
the meaning .... ( courtsey Erin - TestMagic forum ).

Hope it helps.

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2011, 10:14
The rising cost ---------is idiomatic and concise....C

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 15:47
huntgmat wrote:
Be very careful to indentify subjects.
The rising of costs .... is singular. Its not the costs which determine the verb, the gerund
rsising governs the verb.

Now this option is not good.Why ?

The simplest way to eliminate it is to say "The rising of costs" is wordier than "The rising cost".

I remember this question from OG, and when I had searched for the reason I also found a complex and proper explanation to eliminate it.
"The rising of costs" is not idiomatic. It should be "The raising of costs" but it changes
the meaning .... ( courtsey Erin - TestMagic forum ).

Hope it helps.


Have the same question, what is wrong with Rising Costs? Going by the same logic above the -ing phrase is a singular subject. So what is wrong with B??

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 16:40
reply2spg wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

what is wrong with B?


Hi Above750 and reply2spg,

Option B, Let's break " Rising Costs" to identify subject of sentence.
"Rising + Costs"
"Rising" = Adjective for costs
"Costs" =subject.

As subject "costs" is plural so it can not take singular verb "Has" in "has created......." phrase

I hope my explanation will clear your doubt.

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 19:21
rphardu wrote:
reply2spg wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

what is wrong with B?


Hi Above750 and reply2spg,

Option B, Let's break " Rising Costs" to identify subject of sentence.
"Rising + Costs"
"Rising" = Adjective for costs
"Costs" =subject.

As subject "costs" is plural so it can not take singular verb "Has" in "has created......." phrase

I hope my explanation will clear your doubt.


Thanks for the quick response! In this case, in Rising Costs if Only Costs is the subject.. how do I differentiate that from other subject phrases with -ing. Say, Declining Costs, Raising Children, Having Friends?

Can I generalize that unless the -ing word is an adjective, these are subject phrases that are singular?

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 20:52
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rphardu wrote:
reply2spg wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

what is wrong with B?


Hi Above750 and reply2spg,

Option B, Let's break " Rising Costs" to identify subject of sentence.
"Rising + Costs"
"Rising" = Adjective for costs
"Costs" =subject.

As subject "costs" is plural so it can not take singular verb "Has" in "has created......." phrase

I hope my explanation will clear your doubt.



I am still doubtful about this. Lets consider the example
Riding horses is fun. i believe riding is the subject and a singular subject because it is a gerund. This applies to our example as well.
Has it got something to do with simple or complex gerunds . Verbal gurus please help.

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 21:07
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manisangsu wrote:
rphardu wrote:
reply2spg wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

what is wrong with B?


Hi Above750 and reply2spg,

Option B, Let's break " Rising Costs" to identify subject of sentence.
"Rising + Costs"
"Rising" = Adjective for costs
"Costs" =subject.

As subject "costs" is plural so it can not take singular verb "Has" in "has created......." phrase

I hope my explanation will clear your doubt.



I am still doubtful about this. Lets consider the example
Riding horses is fun. i believe riding is the subject and a singular subject because it is a gerund. This applies to our example as well.
Has it got something to do with simple or complex gerunds . Verbal gurus please help.



Hi manisangsu,

As you must be knowing that adjective always describe the subject but mostly not a essential part of sentence.
Let's assume that in "Riding horses is fun", "riding" acting a adjective so we can remove "riding" from sentence so now sentence is "horses is fun" that does not make sense so here "riding" has to be gerund.


Hi Above750,

All "Declining Costs, Raising Children, Having Friends" will be singular or plural, depends on the context of sentence and role of phrases.
If "declining" is acting as Gerund then it is singular but if acting as a adjective then costs will be subject, so we need to use plural verb.

I hope my explanation helped, If any question please revert.

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Re: SC 1000- 821/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2011, 22:05
I am still doubtful about this. Lets consider the example
Riding horses is fun. i believe riding is the subject and a singular subject because it is a gerund. This applies to our example as well.
Has it got something to do with simple or complex gerunds . Verbal gurus please help.[/quote]

[color=#0000FF]
Hi manisangsu,

As you must be knowing that adjective always describe the subject but mostly not a essential part of sentence.
Let's assume that in "Riding horses is fun", "riding" acting a adjective so we can remove "riding" from sentence so now sentence is "horses is fun" that does not make sense so here "riding" has to be gerund.



Thank you very much. It makes sense now. Rising is a present participle (adjective) in this case and not a gerund (noun).
Appreciate your help

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2012, 03:15
Hi I am still not able to decide between A and C. To me both seems to be equally good.
Cud anyone please explain in detail..

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The rising of costs of data processing operations [#permalink]

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The rising of costs of data processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.
A) The rising of costs
B) Rising costs
C) The rising cost
D) Because the rising cost
E) Because of rising costs

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Re: The rising of costs of data processing operations [#permalink]

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goodyear2013 wrote:
The rising of costs of data processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.
A) The rising of costs
B) Rising costs
C) The rising cost
D) Because the rising cost
E) Because of rising costs

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to help. :-)

First, let's get the lay of the land with this sentence:

______________________ of data processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

First of all, we have a long infinitive phrase at the end. For more on infinitive phrases, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/
I'll mark this in a separate color:
______________________ of data processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.
(The "for" preposition is contains the subject of the infinitive phrase.)

Now, also set the prepositional phrase off in parentheses and mark them in color:
______________________ (of data processing operations) (at many financial institutions) has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.

We see we have only one main verb, and this main verb needs a subject. The blank at the beginning must be a noun or something that can play the role of a noun. Both (D) & (E) are out.

Choice (A) is super-awkward, so that is out. I'm quite intrigued that official material would leave us with a split that depends only on the presence or absence of the definite article. That's what we have in the split between (B) & (C).

With the definite article, choice (B), "rising costs", would be appropriate if we were speaking in general, if for any reason, we weren't interested in specifying anything about the nature of these "rising costs." For example, "rising costs are a problem for doctors in private practice." This is not an appropriate choice in this sentence.

Here, we know in tremendous detail the nature of the costs. From the sentence, we can answer with tremendous precision the question, "the cost of what?" This means that we need the definite article. That's why (C) is the best answer.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2014, 23:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2014, 06:37
huntgmat wrote:
Be very careful to indentify subjects.
The rising of costs .... is singular. Its not the costs which determine the verb, the gerund
rsising governs the verb.

Now this option is not good.Why ?

The simplest way to eliminate it is to say "The rising of costs" is wordier than "The rising cost".

I remember this question from OG, and when I had searched for the reason I also found a complex and proper explanation to eliminate it.
"The rising of costs" is not idiomatic. It should be "The raising of costs" but it changes
the meaning .... ( courtsey Erin - TestMagic forum ).

Hope it helps.


Raise should be transitive such as A raise B, hence it would not be proper to say "costs raise xxx", so I can not agree:"The rising of costs" is not idiomatic. It should be "The raising of costs" but it changes
the meaning .... ( courtsey Erin - TestMagic forum ).

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2016, 14:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The rising of costs of data processing operations [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 03:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The rising of costs of data processing operations [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 17:53
The rising of costs of data processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.
A) The rising of costs noun f noun for is wrongly used.
B) Rising costs Costs should be singular.
C) The rising cost caost is refer with 'was' later in teh sentence,so caost should be singular.
D) Because the rising cost Wrong structure.
E) Because of rising costs Wrong structure

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Re: The rising of costs of data processing operations [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2017, 09:05
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: The rising of costs of data processing operations   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2017, 09:05
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