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# The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe

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Manager
Joined: 22 Sep 2016
Posts: 211
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 04:22
daagh wrote:
This is a simulated version of the below-given GMAT Prep topic. The OA of the official version is also C.

The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth century B.C., bringing the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and southern India alphabets.

A. the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and
B. the Aramaic script with it, and from which deriving both the northern and the
C. with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the
D. with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and
E. with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and

Sir, although I chose the correct answer, I wasn't hundred percent sure. I would really appreciate, if you could pick out the errors in all the other choices.

Thanks, as always.
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 04:29
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rekha

You mean the Latin language case or the Aramaic language case? (Veritas or OG?)
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 12:38
Option C Bringing with it the latin language, modifier

Participle with pronoun noun --- that construction sounds out of the norm. Can someone please shed some light on it ?

Thanks y'all
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 00:12
I don't think option A is ruled out because of "which" reference. The explanation states that "Since the nearest antecedent is "it" and this pronoun refers back to roman empire, this option is wrong", but remember which always refers to the nearest LOGICAL antecedent and it can very well jump over the preposition and refer to the latin language (We have many such GMAT examples in which the antecendents of "which" are little far away- separated by a preposition). The same is the case here. The logical antecedent is "Latin language" which is little far away and is sepparated by a prepostion "with".

The real error in this option is verb tense. We know that the factual statements are always presented in Simple present tense. Certain languages(Romance languages) derive (originate) from certain source (Latin language) is a factual statement and hence need to be presented in Simple present tense.
Therefore C becomes the right answer.
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 08:26
The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the Mediterranean region by the beginning of the first century C.E., bringing the Latin language with it, from which were derived Romance languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian.

A.the Latin language with it, from which were derived Romance
'from which were derived Romance' modifies it ( roman empire) ; incorrect

B.the Latin language with it, and from which deriving the Romance
Not parallel ; incorrect
C.with it the Latin language, from which derive the Romance
Correct
D.with it the Latin language, from which derives Romance
SV error ; Incorrect
E.with it the Latin language, and deriving from it the Romance
meaning issue ; Incorrect
Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2017, 08:26

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