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# The root systems of most flowering perennials either become

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The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2007, 13:35
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822. The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading
(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading
(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread
(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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18 Jun 2007, 13:54
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go with D.

either X or Y

x - become

any other form is wrong.

Also, the choices without 'or' is wrong.

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18 Jun 2007, 14:56
Yes, D it is.

1) Either X or Y......X and Y must be in the same form

2) modifiers are parallal,
i.e. resulting in loss of vigor ............producing a bare center and both have started after comma

Hence D.

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19 Jun 2007, 18:57
where does the SC-1000 glean its questions from? alot of bmwhype's postings look like the same questions I had gotten wrong in my veritas class

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Re: SC1000 #822 Root systems [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2007, 19:16
bmwhype2 wrote:
822. The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading
(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading
(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread
(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread

D for 2 reasons:
1.Idiom:either X or Y
2. IIlism: resulting ,producing

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 23:59
822. The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading
(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading
(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread
(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread

The sentence is using the idiom either X or Y. The only case which satisfies parallelism between X and Y is D -

either become too crowded, <-ing modifier>, or spread too far outward, <-ing modifier>.

The other choices donot satisfy parallelism. B,C use participles and don't have a main verb in X and Y both. A and E use AND instead of OR

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 20:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 13:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2015, 01:48
The sentence is using Idiom Either X or Y . and spread will be replaced by or spread.
This leaves us with Options B,C,D
second split can be done using parallelism .
become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor should be in parallel with spread too far outward, producing a bare center
This eliminates Options B and C as right usage is resulting and spread.
Answer choice D is using the right form and hence is the correct choice.
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The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2015, 05:50
The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.

1.The root systems of most flowering perennials does one out of two things in either X or Y way
they either
become too crowded

2. when the root systems of perennials become crowded, it results in loss of vigor
and this resulting action is best described in verb-ing form resulting since becoming crowded is an action.
Similarly, spreading action result is best represented by producing a bare center in non underlined part of sentence and both verb-ing parts are parallel.

coming to options
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
which cannot refer to action and
loss in vigor is not idiomatic
either x or y is structure is disturbed by using and instead of or.

(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading
loss in vigor as in A is not resolved yet
spreading is not parallel to become

(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading
with the result is awkward
spreading is not parallel to become

(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread
correct

(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread
errors as in A and B repeat here
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The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2016, 01:02
bmwhype2 wrote:
822. The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading
(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading
(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread
(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread

either x....... or y.....

D

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2016, 07:38
SPLIT1) "EITHER …OR" PARALLELISM. A AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) "EITHER BECOME ….OR SPREAD" MAINTAINS THE FLOW, IT IS PARALLEL. B AND C ARE OUT.

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2017, 03:35
The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.
(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread - Incorrect usage of which ; Either X or Y idiom
(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading - Parallelism issue
(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading - Parallelism issue
(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread - Correct
(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread - Either X or Y idiom

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2017, 08:28
The word "either" is great to see, especially in the non-underlined portion of a SC question, because it is part of a reliable idiom. If you see the word 'either' in the non-underlined portion, you know two things:

1) The work 'or' will show up later in the sentence
2) What follows the 'either' and what follows the 'or' will be in parallel form

A and E can be eliminated because they don't have an 'or'.

B and C can be eliminated because what follows the 'or' (spreading) is not parallel with what follows the 'either' (become).

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2017, 04:10
Hello, I have applied the structure here in this question "Either X or Y'". Since this question includes parallelism too, I have applied that too and marked the option B as my answer choice considering "ing" then how my answer became wrong? Please advise.

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 05:50
chandanindira wrote:
Hello, I have applied the structure here in this question "Either X or Y'". Since this question includes parallelism too, I have applied that too and marked the option B as my answer choice considering "ing" then how my answer became wrong? Please advise.

The parallel structure, as you have correctly identified, is EITHER X OR Y.
Here X = become (a verb). So Y should also be verb.

In B, present participle "spreading" is wrongly made parallel to verb "become".

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 06:06
sayantanc2k wrote:
chandanindira wrote:
Hello, I have applied the structure here in this question "Either X or Y'". Since this question includes parallelism too, I have applied that too and marked the option B as my answer choice considering "ing" then how my answer became wrong? Please advise.

The parallel structure, as you have correctly identified, is EITHER X OR Y.
Here X = become (a verb). So Y should also be verb.

In B, present participle "spreading" is wrongly made parallel to verb "become".

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2017, 10:28
The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.

Issues: Idiom | Parallelism

Analysis:
1. To complete the non-underlined "either...", we need "or.." to complete idiom "either X or Y"
2. Also, X and Y in idiom should be parallel.

(A) which results in loss in vigor, and spread
- "which" does have referent
- "and" is unidiomatic

(B) resulting in loss in vigor, or spreading

(C) with the result of loss of vigor, or spreading

(D) resulting in loss of vigor, or spread

(E) with a resulting loss of vigor, and spread
- "and" is unidiomatic

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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 20:01
The root systems of most flowering perennials either become too crowded, which results in loss in vigor, and spread too far outward, producing a bare center.

There are two flaws in the original sentence.
1. The idiom either A or B is not used
2. The phrase 'loss in vigor' is incorrect.

Using 1, we can eliminate A & E

Using 2, we can eliminate B

Answer choice C uses a redundant double preposition 'of loss of vigor', hence eliminate.
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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 01:09
'D' is correct - The phrase resulting in loss of vigor concisely modifies the first clause; the either/or construction is correct and parallel in this sentence.
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Re: The root systems of most flowering perennials either become   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2017, 01:09
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