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# The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn

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CEO
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The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 05:56
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The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.

(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
Director
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Posts: 762
Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 06:38
A is run on sentence
D is fine
E is misplacing modifier

bmwhype2 wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Please explain why the other is wrong.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 08:50
empty_spaces wrote:
what does a "run on sentence" mean?

botirvoy wrote:
A is run on sentence
D is fine
E is misplacing modifier

bmwhype2 wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Please explain why the other is wrong.

CEO
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 09:54
dwivedys wrote:
gluon wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
I am not quite seeing how this is a run-on sentence.

(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
I have a problem with D. I think 'has been' is incorrect. The use of 'has been' indicates that the domination started in the past and it is still continuing. The original sentence wants to convey that the Kenesians dominated in the past.

(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
I think E has a modifier problem. 'for four decades' should modify the verb 'dominated'. So correct sentence could be, "The science of economics is one that was dominated, for four decades, by Keynesians,..."

Please explain why the other is wrong.

A lacks the main verb. But it's NOT a run on.

It is not a run on. It is a independent clause with no verb. There are two relative clauses that attach to it but the independent clause is never completed.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 10:00
bmwhype2 wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
gluon wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
I am not quite seeing how this is a run-on sentence.

(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
I have a problem with D. I think 'has been' is incorrect. The use of 'has been' indicates that the domination started in the past and it is still continuing. The original sentence wants to convey that the Kenesians dominated in the past.

(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
I think E has a modifier problem. 'for four decades' should modify the verb 'dominated'. So correct sentence could be, "The science of economics is one that was dominated, for four decades, by Keynesians,..."

Please explain why the other is wrong.

A lacks the main verb. But it's NOT a run on.

It is not a run on. It is a independent clause with no verb. There are two relative clauses that attach to it but the independent clause is never completed.

D is correct.

The key lies in the understanding of the independent clause and the relative clause.

independent clause: The science of economics economics is one that for four decades has been dominated by Keynesians

relative clause: who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 10:02
I am still not quite understanding how there is a misplaced modifier and how it could be corrected.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 30 Jul 2007, 10:29
1
Let's see E:

The science of economics, for four decades, is one that was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.

"for four decades" is clause modifier. IMO, to be grammatically correct it can be written in 3 ways:

1) For four decades, the science of economics is one that was dominated by Keynesians,...
2) The science of economics is one that was dominated by Keynesians for four decades,....
3) The science of economics is one that for four decades was dominated by Keynesians,....

In general, clause modifiers can come in the beginning or in the end of a clause. However, because the author constructed the sentence via a "that" sub-clause, you can insert "for four decades" the way it is done in the third sentence.
For example, in the following sentence, you can insert "for four decades" only in the beginning or in the end:

The science of economics (is one that -delete) was dominated by Keynesians,...

Originally posted by seofah on 30 Jul 2007, 10:23.
Last edited by seofah on 30 Jul 2007, 10:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 10:28
dwivedys wrote:
I am not quite seeing how this is a run-on sentence.

Sorry, agreed that it is not a run on sentence; "A" does not have main clause
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 05:51
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 07:37
1
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

A- main subject "science of economics" lacking the verb.
B - economics -- was (Subject - Verb issue) also main subject "science of economics" lacking verb
C - science of econmics been .. incorrect.. lacking the main verb.

between D and E

both are passive voice

Rewrite in Active voice
D - Keynesians have dominated the science of economics for four decades
E - Keynesians dominated the science of economics, for four decades

D looks perfect here.. present continuous makes sense.

Will go with D.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 09:40
E

D is out due to perfect tense. Simple past is required.

Which seems to wrongly modify economy. Should modify sciences
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 13:26
1
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

B, C, E are out.

If we look at A, it looks good with which modifying economics. How ever the sentence is incomplete. because "who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention" modify K's.

If you read E, it circumvents that problem by inserting a dependent clause.

The science of economics, for four decades, is one that was dominated by Keynesians

Where as A would be

The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, modifier and then nothing.

Hence E
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 23:40
x2suresh wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

A- main subject "science of economics" lacking the verb.
B - economics -- was (Subject - Verb issue) also main subject "science of economics" lacking verb
C - science of econmics been .. incorrect.. lacking the main verb.

between D and E

both are passive voice

Rewrite in Active voice
D - Keynesians have dominated the science of economics for four decades
E - Keynesians dominated the science of economics, for four decades

D looks perfect here.. present continuous makes sense.

Will go with D.

Agree with you, D is the best. In E, "for four decades" and "is" do not agree, E out
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 05:23
manhattan says..keep it simple
so past tense
E
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 20:24
I believe it has to be A or E(prefer E - explanation by icandy is correct ). I believe the OA (D) might be a mistake here.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2010, 23:09
confused between D and E....
cant understand why should we use present tense only
what is wrong if we use past tense...who knows the original fact...whether it is still continuing or not...
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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02 May 2010, 05:27
manoharpln wrote:
confused between D and E....
cant understand why should we use present tense only
what is wrong if we use past tense...who knows the original fact...whether it is still continuing or not...

I prefer D for simplicity.
Even if simple past is correct, for me it is not clear what , for four decades, modifies.
It would be harder if the sentence was written this way: The science of economics is one that for four decades was...
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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03 May 2010, 07:53
my pick is (D).

Can someone explain more about main verb?
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 22 Jan 2011, 21:44
1
A and B are out because they are simply fragments without working verbs, due to the intrusion of relative pronouns ‘which’ and ‘that’ respectively.

As a concept, the use of prefect tense in C and D means to say that the domination by Keynesians still continues, while the explanatory note of that domination is presented in simple past tense, indicating that the domination is a thing of past; The use of present perfect leads to unnecessary shift of tense. This leaves E as the eventual clincher.
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Originally posted by daagh on 21 Jan 2011, 07:24.
Last edited by daagh on 22 Jan 2011, 21:44, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2011, 07:39
The highlighted phrase just doesn't fit in the sentence. That's the reason why D is correct - the present perfect isn't a problem, since it is not stated in the text, wether the period of Keynesian domination in economis ended or not.

Am I right?

(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keyn   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2011, 07:39

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