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# The science of economics, which for four decades was

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Intern
Joined: 04 Jan 2007
Posts: 11

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20 Mar 2007, 01:49
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827. The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the governmentâ€™s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
Director
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 510
Location: Indonesia

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20 Mar 2007, 03:15
I will go with D, others seems awkward.

regards,

Amardeep
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2006
Posts: 254

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20 Mar 2007, 06:37
The whole sentence is awkward...no other choice but D.
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2006
Posts: 273

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20 Mar 2007, 06:42
D

We need verb even after removing non restrictive clause

only D has correct verb
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AimHigher

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Joined: 29 Jan 2007
Posts: 441
Location: Earth

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20 Mar 2007, 14:24
yuk..

I dont like even D.

I go for A. ( souds best to me..not sure though)
Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2006
Posts: 89

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02 Oct 2007, 19:30
1
KUDOS
Finally, just to make English a bit more difficult, we have a rule that says we should use a comma before or after "extra information clauses and phrases," but not with "necessary information clauses or phrases." The idea here is that the comma represents the slight pause in speech or change in intonation that a native speaker might use when making such an utterance.

"Which" when used in a modifier should not be so imp and the sentance should stand even after removing the modifier. but, here if we remove "which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians", the sentence will loose it's meaning

Between D and E, D is better with present perfect use
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 179

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03 Oct 2007, 00:45
will go wid D..
since d sentence contains prepositional phrase 'of' ,in A 'which' refers to 'science' n its wrong cuz we need to refer economics
Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2007
Posts: 70

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03 Oct 2007, 07:25
Only A seems correct.

Choice D uses present tense while there seems to be no reason for doing so. The whole sentence is in past.
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 181

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03 Oct 2007, 07:40
827. The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the governmentâ€™s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.

(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be => changes meaning
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been => awkward
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Between A & D
Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2007
Posts: 87
Re: SC: Science of Economics [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2007, 08:02
2
KUDOS
Zimmer wrote:
827. The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the governmentâ€™s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

A is a sentence fragment. Everything following which is part of a relative clause describing economics. There is no main verb for the sentence--this is just a very long subject.

Neither B nor C fix this: B changes the relative pronoun from which to that, while C rearranges the relative clause, adding "one." But neither B nor C has a main verb.

D and E are both complete sentences. But "for four decades" cannot logically modify a verb in the present tense. So E is incorrect. "For four decades" can describe a verb in the present perfect: for four decades has been. The correct answer is D.
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 155

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03 Oct 2007, 11:45
I still think it is "E"

the second part of the sentence says it "were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention"

an action was completed in the past.....does not still continue.

Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2007
Posts: 87

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03 Oct 2007, 12:02
Cooper2248817 wrote:
I still think it is "E"

the second part of the sentence says it "were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention"

an action was completed in the past.....does not still continue.

If I understand right, you're concerned that the present perfect "has been" is poorly matched with:

who at first stressed the government's role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.

But the final clause here is part of a long description of the views of Keynesians. They're the ones who "were ultimately led away" from interventionism.

The subject of "has been" in choice D is "one," meaning "the subject of economics":

The science of economics is one that for four decades has been

It's certainly possible for the views of Keynesians to go through a change (described in the past tense), while they continue to dominate the discipline of economics (described in present perfect).
Manager
Joined: 18 Jan 2007
Posts: 96

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03 Oct 2007, 13:26
is E. Tough choice though between D and E. However, i dont think present perfect is what is being called for in D. Also its just too awkward.

I'd put all the money in the piggy bank on E.
Manager
Joined: 18 Jan 2007
Posts: 96

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03 Oct 2007, 13:36
i change my answer to D. and i am positive that is right.

'has been' is correct. sentence meaning is just saying they changed their solution to upstarting an econmony; does not suggest that the government intervened on their prowess as the leaders of science. if 'based on' said 'because' then that can be assumed.

has been then is correct verb usage. and d is correct. key in this sentence is interpreting last part of sentence.

i love D.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 361
Re: SC: Science of Economics [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2007, 13:44
Zimmer wrote:
827. The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the governmentâ€™s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

I would go with D. All of them seem awkward.
A - has a non-restrictive clause
B - "to be" seems odd
C - is out
E - is odd
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 155

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03 Oct 2007, 21:01
This is confusing.... in C,D,E what does "one refer to"

A i feel the usage of "which" is not needed
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2007
Posts: 573
Re: SC: Science of Economics [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2007, 21:26
Zimmer wrote:
827. The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the governmentâ€™s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

I dont see anything correct except A.
D looks popular choice , but its too wordy and looks like is still continuing.
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2559

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03 Oct 2007, 23:23
Vote for A. I don't like the usage of which here, but D is just so clumsy.
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21 Apr 2016, 23:14
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Re: The science of economics, which for four decades was   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2016, 23:14
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