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# The science of economics, which for four decades was

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25 Dec 2008, 05:51
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34% (02:13) correct 66% (01:06) wrong based on 93 sessions

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The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky
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25 Dec 2008, 07:37
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vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

A- main subject "science of economics" lacking the verb.
B - economics -- was (Subject - Verb issue) also main subject "science of economics" lacking verb
C - science of econmics been .. incorrect.. lacking the main verb.

between D and E

both are passive voice

Rewrite in Active voice
D - Keynesians have dominated the science of economics for four decades
E - Keynesians dominated the science of economics, for four decades

D looks perfect here.. present continuous makes sense.

Will go with D.
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25 Dec 2008, 13:26
1
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vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

B, C, E are out.

If we look at A, it looks good with which modifying economics. How ever the sentence is incomplete. because "who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention" modify K's.

If you read E, it circumvents that problem by inserting a dependent clause.

The science of economics, for four decades, is one that was dominated by Keynesians

Where as A would be

The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, modifier and then nothing.

Hence E
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21 Jan 2011, 07:24
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A and B are out because they are simply fragments without working verbs, due to the intrusion of relative pronouns ‘which’ and ‘that’ respectively.

As a concept, the use of prefect tense in C and D means to say that the domination by Keynesians still continues, while the explanatory note of that domination is presented in simple past tense, indicating that the domination is a thing of past; The use of present perfect leads to unnecessary shift of tense. This leaves E as the eventual clincher.
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Last edited by daagh on 22 Jan 2011, 21:44, edited 2 times in total.
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25 Dec 2008, 09:40
E

D is out due to perfect tense. Simple past is required.

Which seems to wrongly modify economy. Should modify sciences
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25 Dec 2008, 23:40
x2suresh wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

A- main subject "science of economics" lacking the verb.
B - economics -- was (Subject - Verb issue) also main subject "science of economics" lacking verb
C - science of econmics been .. incorrect.. lacking the main verb.

between D and E

both are passive voice

Rewrite in Active voice
D - Keynesians have dominated the science of economics for four decades
E - Keynesians dominated the science of economics, for four decades

D looks perfect here.. present continuous makes sense.

Will go with D.

Agree with you, D is the best. In E, "for four decades" and "is" do not agree, E out
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29 Dec 2008, 05:23
manhattan says..keep it simple
so past tense
E
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29 Dec 2008, 08:54
x2suresh wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesians, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

A- main subject "science of economics" lacking the verb.
B - economics -- was (Subject - Verb issue) also main subject "science of economics" lacking verb
C - science of econmics been .. incorrect.. lacking the main verb.

between D and E

both are passive voice

Rewrite in Active voice
D - Keynesians have dominated the science of economics for four decades
E - Keynesians dominated the science of economics, for four decades

D looks perfect here.. present continuous makes sense.

Will go with D.

Thanks Suresh, OA is D
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29 Dec 2008, 20:24
I believe it has to be A or E(prefer E - explanation by icandy is correct ). I believe the OA (D) might be a mistake here.
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20 Apr 2010, 23:09
confused between D and E....
cant understand why should we use present tense only
what is wrong if we use past tense...who knows the original fact...whether it is still continuing or not...
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02 May 2010, 05:27
manoharpln wrote:
confused between D and E....
cant understand why should we use present tense only
what is wrong if we use past tense...who knows the original fact...whether it is still continuing or not...

I prefer D for simplicity.
Even if simple past is correct, for me it is not clear what , for four decades, modifies.
It would be harder if the sentence was written this way: The science of economics is one that for four decades was...
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03 May 2010, 07:53
my pick is (D).

Can someone explain more about main verb?
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04 Jan 2011, 13:49
E I guess
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21 Jan 2011, 07:39
The highlighted phrase just doesn't fit in the sentence. That's the reason why D is correct - the present perfect isn't a problem, since it is not stated in the text, wether the period of Keynesian domination in economis ended or not.

Am I right?

(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was
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06 Mar 2011, 13:33
For and since are typical contenders for perfect tense in a sentence when referred with a "time frame".
For eg. I have been living here for last 3 years.
I have been living here since 10'o clock yesterday.
So, D becomes obvious choice above E.
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07 Mar 2011, 17:14
vivektripathi wrote:
The science of economics, which for four decades was dominated by Keynesian s, who at first stressed the government’s role in stimulating the economy, but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention.
(A) economics, which for four decades was
(B) economics that was to be
(C) economics, one which has, for four decades, been
(D) economics is one that for four decades has been
(E) economics, for four decades, is one that was

Tricky

the first clause is independent, so only D and E remain as options, E is awkward and also has both the present and past tense in the same sentence, while D rightly uses the present perfect 'has been'
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05 Aug 2011, 03:27
Got down to C, D and picked C
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05 Aug 2011, 08:49
+1 for E

reason -- > the sentence says "but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention."

That means they do not dominate the science of economics anymore.

A -- > Which points to economics not the study.
B --> Same problem, that points to economics
C and D -- > has been --> has been indicates the continuing acting -- > which suggests the keynisian's still dominate the science of economics, which contradicts the last part of the sentence

E---> on the other hand uses past tense to correct this issue.

please do let us know the OA and OE.
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05 Aug 2011, 09:15
viks4gmat wrote:
+1 for E

reason -- > the sentence says "but who were ultimately led away from solutions based on government intervention."

That means they do not dominate the science of economics anymore.

A -- > Which points to economics not the study.
B --> Same problem, that points to economics
C and D -- > has been --> has been indicates the continuing acting -- > which suggests the keynisian's still dominate the science of economics, which contradicts the last part of the sentence

E---> on the other hand uses past tense to correct this issue.

please do let us know the OA and OE.

Not really!!! The dominance of Keynesian's science of Economics is still prevalent. Just the idea or a rule that dictated the science changed.

Say,
Science evolved in 1970: Government dominated economy.
1975: Something else(Privatization) dominated economy.
2011: Science of economy is still prevalent, but the idea is privatization centric.

Moreover, a continuous nature of the sentence demands the use of Present Perfect Continuous OR Past perfect Continuous- some tense with progressive nature.

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05 Aug 2011, 09:23
Missing verb is key to answer this question. Others are bunch of subordinate clauses, missing a main clause. Only D and E have a main clause in them. Out of D and E, D is more direct and concise than E which has problem of passive and of dangling modifier "for four decades".
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Re: Sc-science of economics   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2011, 09:23

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