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The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare

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Re: Isn't THEY ambigous!!!! [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2014, 16:50
ChrisLele wrote:
In the first example below, the ‘they’ is clearly ambiguous because it can refer to either the control group mice or those who receive Xylanol.

In the second sentence, the ‘they’ is apparently ambiguous. However were we to say that the ‘they’ could refer to mice, we are saying that it is possible that mice could dress up in laboratory gear. This is clearly absurd because outside of Disney mice do not wear clothes. Thus a pronoun is not ambiguous if can reasonably only refer to one thing/group.


Clearly Ambiguous

Compared to mice in a control group, those mice receiving Xylanol were more likely to develop tumors, even if they had tumors before the study.


Not Ambiguous but Absurd

Scientists who test potentially carcinogenic substances on mice may be at a slight risk for cancer, even if they wear special protective clothing.


Original Sentence

The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.


As for the original sentence, the potential ambiguity is not absurd the way it is in the second example above. After all, scientists could potentially show signs of a degenerative disease (vs. mice donning lab gear). Nonetheless, it is clear from the sentence that the scientists are studying the rats for a disease. Therefore, when the second half of the sentence mention ‘they’ in reference to the disease, it is clear who the ‘they’ is.

Now let’s contrast the original sentence to the first one above. The ‘they’ could refer to either of the two groups, i.e. either the control group of the Xylanol group could have consisted of mice that had tumors before the study began. However, in the original sentence the scientists were the ones studying a degenerative disease they were not the ones suffering from it.


Xylanol?? Where is that mentioned in the original question?

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The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 07:05
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The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.

(A) earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then
(B) earlier, but they were not showing no signs of the disease then
(C) earlier, no outward signs of the disease had been shown in them, however
(D) earlier without any signs of the disease shown then
(E) earlier, even though no signs of it were seen in them at that time
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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degen [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2014, 19:29
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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2015, 09:18
The discussion of the question is here the-scientists-noted-that-rats-suffering-from-the-rare-125545.html?fl=similar
Please merge two questions
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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 21:17
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 13:18
hi, ChrisLele
why option C is wrong?

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 02:01
Hi experts,
What is the difference between (A) and (D)?

IMHO,(D) tells us that the rats died and that they showed no signs of the disease.
This meaning is quite the same as what (A) says.

Please share your thoughts.
Thanks

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 03:34
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
What is the difference between (A) and (D)?

IMHO,(D) tells us that the rats died and that they showed no signs of the disease.
This meaning is quite the same as what (A) says.

Please share your thoughts.
Thanks


In D it is not clear who showed the signs. There is no grammatical error in D - A is better because it has more clarity than D.

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The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 17:12
In option A there is a 'had' and there is one more 'had' in the previous part in the non-underlined portion. We use 'had' to show when one action is done after another.

Please explain :|

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2017, 00:13
confused with A and D,, picked D though,,,
can anyone explain please?

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 03:19
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 19:50
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2017, 19:50

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